Caityaka: 6 definitions



Caityaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaityaka.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Caityaka in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Caityaka (चैत्यक).—A mountain. This mountain is situated near Girivraja, the capital city of Magadha. This mountain was very dear to the people of Magadha. The followers of Bṛhadratha deemed it as a God and worshipped it. (Chapter 21, Sabhā Parva).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Caityaka (चैत्यक) is another name for Girivraja or Giribbaja: an ancient capital of Magadha, one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas of the Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, according to the Mahābhārata.—Early Pāli literature abounds in information about the Magadha country, its people, and its ancient capital Giribbaja. Magadha roughly corresponds to the modern Patna and Gayā districts of Bihar. The Mahābhārata seems to record that Girivraja was also called Bārhadrathapura as well as Māgadhapura and that Māgadhapura was a well-fortified city being protected by five hills. Other names recorded in the Mahābhārata are Varāha, Vrishabha, Rishigiri, and Caityaka. The statement of the Mahābhārata that Girivraja was protected by five hills is strikingly confirmed by the Vimānavatthu Commentary in which we read that the city of Giribbaja was encircled by the mountains Isigili, Vepulla, Vebhara, Paṇḍava and Gijjhakūṭa.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Caityaka (चैत्यक).—(nt.; Sanskrit caitya plus -ka; may possibly be the direct ancestor of cetika, q.v., or a further hyper- Sanskritization of that form if, as I think likely, cetika is itself a semi-Sanskritized substitute for MIndic cetiya), temple, shrine: °keṣu Śikṣāsamuccaya 301.1 (= Mahāvastu ii.373.17 cetiyeṣu).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caityaka (चैत्यक):—[from caitya] m. one of the 5 mountains surrounding the town Giri-vraja, [ii, 799; 811 ff.; 843].

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Caityaka (चैत्यक):—(von caitya) m. Nomen proprium eines der fünf Berge, welche die Stadt Girivraja umgeben, [Mahābhārata 2, 799. 811. 815. 843.]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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