Gijjhakuta, aka: Gijjhakūṭa, Gijjhakūta, Gijjha-kuta; 3 Definition(s)
Gijjhakuta means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
One of the five hills encircling Rajagaha. It was evidently a favourite resort of those who followed the religious life. (It was so even in times gone by, see, e.g., J.ii.55).
The Buddha seems to have been attracted by its solitude, and is mentioned as having visited it on several occasions, sometimes even in the dark, in drizzling rain, while Mara made unsuccessful attempts to frighten him (S.i.109).
It was on the slopes of Gijjhakuta, where the Buddha was wandering about, that Devadatta hurled at him a mighty stone to kill him, but only a splinter injured his foot (Vin.ii.193, etc.).
It was there also that Jivaka Komara bhacca administered a purgative to the Buddha (AA.i.216).
Among those who visited the Buddha on Gijjhakuta are mentioned:
the youth Magha (Sn., p.86),
the Yakkha Inda (S.i.206),
Sakka (S.i.233; iv.102),
the Paribbajaka Sajjha (A.iv.371),
the Kassapagotta monk (A.i.237),
Pancasikha (S.iv.103; D.ii.220),
the four kings of the Catummaharajika world and their followers (D.iii.195),
Upaka Mandikaputta (A.ii.181),
Dhammika (A.iii.368), and
Vassakara (A.iv.18; D.ii.72).
Several well known suttas were preached on Gijjhakuta - e.g., the Magha, Dhammika and Chalabhijati Suttas, the discourse on the seven Aparihaniyadhamma (A.iv.21f.), the Mahasaropama and Atanatiya Suttas. (See also S.ii.155, 185, 190, 241; iii.121; A.ii.73; iii.21; iv.160).
It is said (AA.i.412) that in due course a vihara was erected on Gijjhakuta for the Buddha and his monks; here cells were erected for the use of monks who came from afar, but these cells were so difficult of access that monks arriving late at Rajagaha would ask Dabbamallaputta Tissa to find accommodation for them in Gijjhakuta, in order to test his capabilities (Vin.ii.76; DhA.iii.321f).
Mention is made of several eminent monks who stayed at Gijjhakuta from time to time - e.g.,Sariputta (M.iii.263; A.iii.300; S.ii.155), Ananda (A.iii.383), Maha Kassapa, Anuruddha, Punna Mantaniputta, Upali and Devadatta (S.ii.155), Cunda and Channa (S.iv.55).
Channa fell ill there, and ultimately committed suicide. (Another monk is mentioned as having thrown himself down from Gijjhakuta because he was discontented with his life, Vin.iii.82. According to one account, AA.i.146f, Vakkali, too, committed suicide by throwing himself from Gijjhakuta; but see Vakkali).
Moggallana and Lakkhana are reported to have stayed there, and to have seen many inhabitants of Rajagaha reborn in Gijjhakuta as petas (S.Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
India history and geogprahy
Gijjhakūṭa (गिज्झकूट) refers to one of the five mountains encircling Girivraja or Giribbaja: an ancient capital of Magadha, one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas of the Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Early Pāli literature abounds in information about the Magadha country, its people, and its ancient capital Giribbaja. Magadha roughly corresponds to the modern Patna and Gayā districts of Bihar. The Mahābhārata seems to record that Girivraja was also called Bārhadrathapura as well as Māgadhapura and that Māgadhapura was a well-fortified city being protected by five hills. Other names recorded in the Mahābhārata are Varāha, Vrishabha, Rishigiri, and Caityaka. The statement of the Mahābhārata that Girivraja was protected by five hills is strikingly confirmed by the Vimānavatthu Commentary in which we read that the city of Giribbaja was encircled by the mountains Isigili, Vepulla, Vebhara, Paṇḍava and Gijjhakūṭa.
Gijjhakūṭa is a mountain in Magadha. It is so called because its peak is like a vulture (cf. Papañcasudanī). According to Cunningham it is a part of the Śailagiri, the vulture peak of Fahien and Indasilāguhā of Yuan Chwang. It lies two miles and a half to the south-east of new Rājgir. It is also called Giriyek hill.Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
gijjhakūṭa : (m.) the Vulture's peak near Rājagaha.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
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