Vebhara, Vebhāra: 3 definitions

Introduction:

Vebhara means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Vebhara. One of the five hills surrounding Rajagaha (E.g., M.iii.68). At its foot was the Sattapanniguha, where the first Convocation was held (Vin.ii.76; W. 159; Sp.i.10, etc.). The river Tapoda (q.v.) rose in a lake at the foot of Vebhara. SA.i.30f.

2. Vebhara. A city in which Padumuttara Buddha preached and ordained ninety crores of men. Bu.xi.9.

3. Vebhara. The birthplace of Siddhattha Buddha, where, later, he preached the Buddhavamsa, when ninety crores of beings realized the Truth. Bu.xvii.5, 13; BuA. p. 186; J.i.40.

4. Vebhara. A city built by Vissakamma, where Valliya Thera (Candanamaliya) lived in a previous birth. ThagA.i.294; Ap.ii.424.

5. Vebhara. v.l. for Dvebhara (q.v.).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Vebhara (वेभर) refers to one of the five mountains encircling Girivraja or Giribbaja: an ancient capital of Magadha, one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas of the Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Early Pāli literature abounds in information about the Magadha country, its people, and its ancient capital Giribbaja. Magadha roughly corresponds to the modern Patna and Gayā districts of Bihar. The Mahābhārata seems to record that Girivraja was also called Bārhadrathapura as well as Māgadhapura and that Māgadhapura was a well-fortified city being protected by five hills. Other names recorded in the Mahābhārata are Varāha, Vrishabha, Rishigiri, and Caityaka. The statement of the Mahābhārata that Girivraja was protected by five hills is strikingly confirmed by the Vimānavatthu Commentary in which we read that the city of Giribbaja was encircled by the mountains Isigili, Vepulla, Vebhara, Paṇḍava and Gijjhakūṭa.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Vebhāra (वेभार) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Vaibhāra.

Vebhāra has the following synonyms: Vebbhāra.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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