Caityagriha, Caityagṛha, Caitya-griha: 4 definitions
Caityagriha means something in Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Caityagṛha can be transliterated into English as Caityagrha or Caityagriha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Alternative spellings of this word include Chaityagriha.
General definition (in Jainism)
Caityagṛha (चैत्यगृह) refers to a type of gṛha located in the vyantara cities of Jambūdvīpa, according to Jain cosmological texts, such as the Tiloyapannatti. The vyantaras represent a class of Gods (devas) comprising eight groups of deities that wander about the three worlds (adhaloka, madhyaloka and ūrdhvaloka). Jambūdvīpa sits at the centre of madhyaloka (‘middle world’) is the most important of all continents and it is here where human beings reside.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geography
Caityagṛha (चैत्यगृह) refers to “cave that has a stūpa shrine” as coined in rock-cut architecture and Buddhist art and archaeology. On closer reading of the Ajantā inscriptions, we shall find the word ‘stūpavihāra’ used variously to denote what we call stupa-temples as well as the temples with Buddha shrines and residential cells. The word was used for the temples with stūpa shrines (Caves 9, 10, 19, and 26) and for the maṇḍapas, which either were converted into or were freshly planned as temples from ca. 466 CE onwards. Thus, stūpavihāra, munirājacaitya, caityamandira, or caityagṛha mean the same thing where they are stūpa temples or Buddha temples.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Caitya-gṛha.—(EI 8, 33, LL), Buddhist; cf. Prakrit cetiya-ghara. (EI 24), the hall for worship or prayer; hall in a monastery. Note: caitya-gṛha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Caityagṛha (ಚೈತ್ಯಗೃಹ):—[noun] = ಚೈತ್ಯ [caitya]2 - 3.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Partial matches: Griha, Caitya.
Full-text: Caitya, Stupavihara, Munirajacaitya, Caityamandira, Vyantara, Dishavidhana.
Search found 1 books and stories containing Caityagriha, Caityagṛha, Caitya-griha, Caitya-gṛha, Caityagrha, Caitya-grha; (plurals include: Caityagrihas, Caityagṛhas, grihas, gṛhas, Caityagrhas, grhas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Amaravati Art in the Context of Andhra Archaeology (by Sreyashi Ray chowdhuri)
Lower Kṛṣṇā Valley (11): Gunṭupalli < [Chapter 2 - Amarāvatī and other Archaeological Sites of Ancient Andhra Pradesh]
Lower Kṛṣṇā Valley (21): Sālihuṇḍam < [Chapter 2 - Amarāvatī and other Archaeological Sites of Ancient Andhra Pradesh]
Lower Kṛṣṇā Valley (7): Gummadidurru < [Chapter 2 - Amarāvatī and other Archaeological Sites of Ancient Andhra Pradesh]