Dharmadhikarin, Dharma-adhikarin, Dharmādhikārin: 7 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Dharmadhikarin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

[«previous (D) next»] — Dharmadhikarin in Dharmashastra glossary
Source: Google Books: Hinduism and Law: An Introduction

Dharmādhikārin (धर्माधिकारिन्, “chief judge”).—In religious and moral matters—in cases of violation of personal law or religious norms—it was often a kind of religious court (brahmasabhā, pariṣad) of more or less learned Brahmins which administered and decided on penances. A chief judge occasionally called “dharmādhikārin” headed it. The brahmasabhā and also caste councils (jātisabhā) could expel individuals from their caste on grounds of impurity or impose fees and other sanctions.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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India history and geogprahy

[«previous (D) next»] — Dharmadhikarin in India history glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Dharm-ādhikārin.—(IE 8-3; EI 33), cf. dharm-ādhikāra (IA 9); an officer in charge of civil and criminal justice as well as charitable and religious institutions; same as Bṛhat-tantra- pati, according to a Kashmirian commentator; usually explained as ‘a judge’; same as Dharmakarm-ādhikārin and Dharm-ādhyakṣa. Cf. the Muslim official designations Şadruş-şudūr, Dādbak, etc., explained as ‘the chief judge and grand almoner, or custo- dian of the king's bequests and charities’ (Journ. As. Soc. Pak., Vol. IV, pp. 53-54). Note: dharm-ādhikārin is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (D) next»] — Dharmadhikarin in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dharmādhikārin (धर्माधिकारिन्).—m. a judge, magistrate, any judicial functionary.

Dharmādhikārin is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dharma and adhikārin (अधिकारिन्). See also (synonyms): dharmādhikaraṇika.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dharmādhikārin (धर्माधिकारिन्).—m. (-rī) A judge. E. dhamādhikāra, and ṇini aff. dharmaṃ vyavahāre tannirṇayamadhikaroti . adhi + kṛ-ṇini .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dharmādhikārin (धर्माधिकारिन्).—m. a judge, [Pañcatantra] 101, 2.

Dharmādhikārin is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dharma and adhikārin (अधिकारिन्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dharmādhikārin (धर्माधिकारिन्).—[masculine] judge.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dharmādhikārin (धर्माधिकारिन्):—[from dharmādhikāra > dharma > dhara] mfn. administrator of the l°, chief officer of justice, judge, magistrate, [Pañcatantra; Rājataraṅgiṇī] (ri-puruṣa m. officer of a law-court, [Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā])

2) [v.s. ...] a judge of morals, censor, preacher, [Siṃhāsana-dvātriṃśikā or vikramāditya-caritra, jaina recension]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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