Vicitra, aka: Vicitrā; 13 Definition(s)

Introduction

Vicitra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vichitra.

In Hinduism

Purana

Vicitra (विचित्र).—A Kṣatriya King. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Stanza 61, that this King was born from a portion of the asura Krodhavaśa.

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Vicitra (विचित्र).—A son of Raucya Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 104; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 108; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 41.

1b) A son of Devasāvarṇi.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 30.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Vicitra (विचित्र) refers to a one of the twenty maṇḍalas, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 12. The Vicitra-maṇḍala is classified as a ākāśa, or “aerial”, of which there are ten in total. A maṇḍala is a combination of cārīs (“dance-steps”), which refers refers to the simultaneous movement of the feet (pāda), shanks (jaṅghā) and the hip (ūru). From these cārīs proceed dance as well as movements in general.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vicitra (विचित्र, “diverse”) refers to one of the sixteen words that together make up the elā musical composition (prabandha), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 67-84. Elā is an important subgenre of song and was regarded as an auspicious and important prabandha (composition) in ancient Indian music (gāndharva). According to nirukta analysis, the etymological meaning of elā can be explained as follows: a represents Viṣṇu, i represents Kāmadeva, la represents Lakṣmī.

Vicitra is one of the sixteen words of elā and has a presiding deity named mātaṅgī (female elephant) defined in the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”), which is a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Vicitra (विचित्र).—A type of maṇḍala (series of cārīs) classified as aerial (ākāśa);—Instructions:

1) The right foot successively to be moved in the janitā-cārī and in the talasañcara (nikuṭṭana) manner,
2) The left foot in the syanditā-cārī, the right foot in the pārśvakrāntā-cārī,
3) The left foot in the bhujaṅgatrasitā-cārī and the tight foot successively in the ātikrāntā and udvṛttā-cārīs,
4) the left foot in the sūcī-cārī, the right foot in the vikṣitpā (ākṣiptā) cārī and the left foot in the apakrāntā-cārī.

(Source): archive.org: Natya Shastra

Vicitra (विचित्र) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 89 arthālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by the sense, as opposed to sound).—The figure vicitra has been introduced first by Ruyyaka. Viśvanātha in his Sāhityadarpaṇa (S.D. X/71) defines it in a different way. According to Ruyyaka the effort is proper but it produces contrary result. But according to Viśvanātha end is proper and the effort is contrary.

Cirañjīva defines vicitra as—“vicitraṃ cetprayatnaḥ syādviparītaphalapradaḥ”.—“When any effort becomes conducive to contrary result, it is the figure vicitra”. From this definition it appears that Cirañjīva is a follower of Ruyyaka and Jayadeva. Jayadeva’s definition of vicitra is the same with that of Cirañjīva.

Example of the vicitra-alaṃkāra:—

ratiranyaiva dhanyeyaṃ vidhinā vidhinoditā |
kāyokleśena saukhyāni labhante yattapasvinaḥ ||

“This love caused to be created by the creator as per rule is different and commendable, as the ascetics verily achieve happiness by physical labour”.

Notes: Here the physical labour usually brings suffering to the man. This effort of physical labour is conducive to contrary result by bringing happiness in the case of ascetics.

(Source): Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Vicitra (विचित्र) refers to one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in Indian music.—The illustration of Vicitra (as a deity) according to 15th-century Indian art is as follows.—The colour of his body is yellow. His face is similar to the face of a goat. Lamp is in his right hand and a viṇā in his left hand.

The illustrations (of, for example Vicitra) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

(Source): archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Vicitra (विचित्र).—Of various or wonderful kinds beyond our ken or comprehension cf. विचित्रास्तद्धितवृत्तयः (vicitrāstaddhitavṛttayaḥ) M.Bh. on P.II. 4.32 Vart. 7; VI. 1. 99 Vart. 2.

(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

Itihasa (narrative history)

Vicitrā (विचित्रा) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.17). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vicitrā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Vicitra (विचित्र) is the name of one of the thirty-two Yakṣiṇīs mentioned in the Kakṣapuṭatantra, as well as one of the thirty-six Yakṣiṇīs mentioned in the Uḍḍāmareśvaratantra. In the yakṣiṇī-sādhana, the Yakṣiṇī is regarded as the guardian spirit who provides worldly benefits to the practitioner. The Yakṣiṇī (eg., Vicitra) provides, inter alia, daily food, clothing and money, tells the future, and bestows a long life, but she seldom becomes a partner in sexual practices.

(Source): academia.edu: Yakṣiṇī-sādhana in the Kakṣapuṭa tantra
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

vicitra (विचित्र).—a (S) Variegated, piebald, of different colors. 2 Wonderful, surprising, marvelous, strange. 3 (Poetry.) Various, sundry, divers. Ex. vicitra annēṃ vāḍhilīṃ pātrīṃ ||.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vicitra (विचित्र).—a Variegated; wonderful; diverse

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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