Vicitra, aka: Vicitrā; 13 Definition(s)
Vicitra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Vichitra.
Vicitra (विचित्र).—A Kṣatriya King. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Stanza 61, that this King was born from a portion of the asura Krodhavaśa.(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Vicitra (विचित्र).—A son of Raucya Manu.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 104; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 108; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 41.
1b) A son of Devasāvarṇi.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 30.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Vicitra (विचित्र) refers to a one of the twenty maṇḍalas, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 12. The Vicitra-maṇḍala is classified as a ākāśa, or “aerial”, of which there are ten in total. A maṇḍala is a combination of cārīs (“dance-steps”), which refers refers to the simultaneous movement of the feet (pāda), shanks (jaṅghā) and the hip (ūru). From these cārīs proceed dance as well as movements in general.(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Vicitra (विचित्र, “diverse”) refers to one of the sixteen words that together make up the elā musical composition (prabandha), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 67-84. Elā is an important subgenre of song and was regarded as an auspicious and important prabandha (composition) in ancient Indian music (gāndharva). According to nirukta analysis, the etymological meaning of elā can be explained as follows: a represents Viṣṇu, i represents Kāmadeva, la represents Lakṣmī.
Vicitra is one of the sixteen words of elā and has a presiding deity named mātaṅgī (female elephant) defined in the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”), which is a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra).(Source): Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi
Vicitra (विचित्र).—A type of maṇḍala (series of cārīs) classified as aerial (ākāśa);—Instructions:
(Source): archive.org: Natya Shastra
1) The right foot successively to be moved in the janitā-cārī and in the talasañcara (nikuṭṭana) manner,
2) The left foot in the syanditā-cārī, the right foot in the pārśvakrāntā-cārī,
3) The left foot in the bhujaṅgatrasitā-cārī and the tight foot successively in the ātikrāntā and udvṛttā-cārīs,
4) the left foot in the sūcī-cārī, the right foot in the vikṣitpā (ākṣiptā) cārī and the left foot in the apakrāntā-cārī.
Vicitra (विचित्र) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 89 arthālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by the sense, as opposed to sound).—The figure vicitra has been introduced first by Ruyyaka. Viśvanātha in his Sāhityadarpaṇa (S.D. X/71) defines it in a different way. According to Ruyyaka the effort is proper but it produces contrary result. But according to Viśvanātha end is proper and the effort is contrary.
Cirañjīva defines vicitra as—“vicitraṃ cetprayatnaḥ syādviparītaphalapradaḥ”.—“When any effort becomes conducive to contrary result, it is the figure vicitra”. From this definition it appears that Cirañjīva is a follower of Ruyyaka and Jayadeva. Jayadeva’s definition of vicitra is the same with that of Cirañjīva.
Example of the vicitra-alaṃkāra:—
ratiranyaiva dhanyeyaṃ vidhinā vidhinoditā |
kāyokleśena saukhyāni labhante yattapasvinaḥ ||
“This love caused to be created by the creator as per rule is different and commendable, as the ascetics verily achieve happiness by physical labour”.
Notes: Here the physical labour usually brings suffering to the man. This effort of physical labour is conducive to contrary result by bringing happiness in the case of ascetics.(Source): Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Vicitra (विचित्र) refers to one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in Indian music.—The illustration of Vicitra (as a deity) according to 15th-century Indian art is as follows.—The colour of his body is yellow. His face is similar to the face of a goat. Lamp is in his right hand and a viṇā in his left hand.
The illustrations (of, for example Vicitra) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).(Source): archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)
Vicitra (विचित्र).—Of various or wonderful kinds beyond our ken or comprehension cf. विचित्रास्तद्धितवृत्तयः (vicitrāstaddhitavṛttayaḥ) M.Bh. on P.II. 4.32 Vart. 7; VI. 1. 99 Vart. 2.(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Vicitrā (विचित्रा) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.17). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vicitrā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Vicitra (विचित्र) is the name of one of the thirty-two Yakṣiṇīs mentioned in the Kakṣapuṭatantra, as well as one of the thirty-six Yakṣiṇīs mentioned in the Uḍḍāmareśvaratantra. In the yakṣiṇī-sādhana, the Yakṣiṇī is regarded as the guardian spirit who provides worldly benefits to the practitioner. The Yakṣiṇī (eg., Vicitra) provides, inter alia, daily food, clothing and money, tells the future, and bestows a long life, but she seldom becomes a partner in sexual practices.(Source): academia.edu: Yakṣiṇī-sādhana in the Kakṣapuṭa tantra
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Languages of India and abroad
vicitra (विचित्र).—a (S) Variegated, piebald, of different colors. 2 Wonderful, surprising, marvelous, strange. 3 (Poetry.) Various, sundry, divers. Ex. vicitra annēṃ vāḍhilīṃ pātrīṃ ||.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
vicitra (विचित्र).—a Variegated; wonderful; diverse(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Search found 40 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Vicitravīrya (विचित्रवीर्य).—Name of a king of the lunar race. [He was a son of Śantanu by his ...
Citravicitra (चित्रविचित्र).—a. 1) variously coloured, variegated. 2) multiform. Citravicitra i...
Vicitratāna (विचित्रतान) is another name for vicitra: one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used ...
Vicitravarṣin (विचित्रवर्षिन्).—raining here and there. Vicitravarṣin is a Sanskrit compound co...
Vicitrānna (विचित्रान्न).—a kind of rice food (Mar. khicaḍī). Derivable forms: vicitrānnam (विच...
Vicitranalināsana (विचित्रनलिनासन) is one of the eighty-four āsanas (postures) taught by Śiva, ...
Vicitrāṅga (विचित्राङ्ग).—a. having a spotted body. (-ṅgaḥ) 1 a peacock. 2) tiger. Vicitrāṅga i...
1) Kusumavicitrā (कुसुमविचित्रा) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentione...
Vicitradeha (विचित्रदेह).—a. having a lovely body. -haḥ a cloud. Vicitradeha is a Sanskrit comp...
Siddha (सिद्ध) refers to “inflected words” according to Pāṇini (7th century BCE): author of the...
Aśoka (अशोक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.14) and represents one of the ma...
Maṇḍala (मण्डल).—Circle, revolution. Note: Maṇḍala is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient...
Mātaṅgī (मातङ्गी).—The great grandmother of the elephants. Mātaṅgī was the daughter of Krodhava...
1) Kumāra (कुमार).—Skanda or Subrahmaṇya. (For details see under Skanda).2) Kumāra (कुमार).—A K...
Alaṃkāra (अलंकार).—The word alaṃkāra is derived as alaṃ kṛ ghañ. This suffix ghañ can be used i...
Search found 21 books and stories containing Vicitra or Vicitrā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 1.4.99 < [Chapter 4 - Bhakta: The Devotee]
Verse 2.4.36 < [Chapter 4 - Vaikuṇṭha: The Spiritual Kingdom]
Verse 2.4.190 < [Chapter 4 - Vaikuṇṭha: The Spiritual Kingdom]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 3.2.65 < [Part 2 - Affection and Service (dāsya-rasa)]
Verse 3.2.37 < [Part 2 - Affection and Service (dāsya-rasa)]
Verse 3.4.13 < [Part 4 - Parenthood (vātsalya-rasa)]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 7: Birth-rites performed by Dikkumārīs < [Chapter II - Birth of Ajita and Sagara]
Part 4: Birth ceremonies of Ṛṣabha < [Chapter II]
The Tattvasangraha [with commentary] (by Ganganatha Jha)
The Natyashastra (by Bharata-muni)
The Markandeya Purana (by Frederick Eden Pargiter)