Vicitra, Vicitrā: 25 definitions
Vicitra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Vichitra.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Vicitra (विचित्र).—A Kṣatriya King. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Stanza 61, that this King was born from a portion of the asura Krodhavaśa.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Vicitra (विचित्र).—A son of Raucya Manu.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 104; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 108; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 41.
1b) A son of Devasāvarṇi.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 30.
Vicitrā (विचित्रा) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.17). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vicitrā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Vicitra (विचित्र) refers to a one of the twenty maṇḍalas, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 12. The Vicitra-maṇḍala is classified as a ākāśa, or “aerial”, of which there are ten in total. A maṇḍala is a combination of cārīs (“dance-steps”), which refers refers to the simultaneous movement of the feet (pāda), shanks (jaṅghā) and the hip (ūru). From these cārīs proceed dance as well as movements in general.Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi
Vicitra (विचित्र, “diverse”) refers to one of the sixteen words that together make up the elā musical composition (prabandha), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 67-84. Elā is an important subgenre of song and was regarded as an auspicious and important prabandha (composition) in ancient Indian music (gāndharva). According to nirukta analysis, the etymological meaning of elā can be explained as follows: a represents Viṣṇu, i represents Kāmadeva, la represents Lakṣmī.
Vicitra is one of the sixteen words of elā and has a presiding deity named mātaṅgī (female elephant) defined in the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”), which is a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra).Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Vicitra (विचित्र).—A type of maṇḍala (series of cārīs) classified as aerial (ākāśa);—Instructions:
Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)
1) The right foot successively to be moved in the janitā-cārī and in the talasañcara (nikuṭṭana) manner,
2) The left foot in the syanditā-cārī, the right foot in the pārśvakrāntā-cārī,
3) The left foot in the bhujaṅgatrasitā-cārī and the tight foot successively in the ātikrāntā and udvṛttā-cārīs,
4) the left foot in the sūcī-cārī, the right foot in the vikṣitpā (ākṣiptā) cārī and the left foot in the apakrāntā-cārī.
Vicitra (विचित्र) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 89 arthālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by the sense, as opposed to sound).—The figure vicitra has been introduced first by Ruyyaka. Viśvanātha in his Sāhityadarpaṇa (S.D. X/71) defines it in a different way. According to Ruyyaka the effort is proper but it produces contrary result. But according to Viśvanātha end is proper and the effort is contrary.
Cirañjīva defines vicitra as—“vicitraṃ cetprayatnaḥ syādviparītaphalapradaḥ”.—“When any effort becomes conducive to contrary result, it is the figure vicitra”. From this definition it appears that Cirañjīva is a follower of Ruyyaka and Jayadeva. Jayadeva’s definition of vicitra is the same with that of Cirañjīva.
Example of the vicitra-alaṃkāra:—
ratiranyaiva dhanyeyaṃ vidhinā vidhinoditā |
kāyokleśena saukhyāni labhante yattapasvinaḥ ||
“This love caused to be created by the creator as per rule is different and commendable, as the ascetics verily achieve happiness by physical labour”.
Notes: Here the physical labour usually brings suffering to the man. This effort of physical labour is conducive to contrary result by bringing happiness in the case of ascetics.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Shilpashastra (iconography)Source: archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style
Vicitra (विचित्र) refers to one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in Indian music.—The illustration of Vicitra (as a deity) according to 15th-century Indian art is as follows.—The colour of his body is yellow. His face is similar to the face of a goat. Lamp is in his right hand and a viṇā in his left hand.
The illustrations (of, for example Vicitra) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Vicitra (विचित्र).—Of various or wonderful kinds beyond our ken or comprehension cf. विचित्रास्तद्धितवृत्तयः (vicitrāstaddhitavṛttayaḥ) M.Bh. on P.II. 4.32 Vart. 7; VI. 1. 99 Vart. 2.
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: academia.edu: Yakṣiṇī-sādhana in the Kakṣapuṭa tantra
Vicitra (विचित्र) is the name of one of the thirty-two Yakṣiṇīs mentioned in the Kakṣapuṭatantra, as well as one of the thirty-six Yakṣiṇīs mentioned in the Uḍḍāmareśvaratantra. In the yakṣiṇī-sādhana, the Yakṣiṇī is regarded as the guardian spirit who provides worldly benefits to the practitioner. The Yakṣiṇī (e.g., Vicitra) provides, inter alia, daily food, clothing and money, tells the future, and bestows a long life, but she seldom becomes a partner in sexual practices.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Kamakoti Mandali: The Yoginis of Narasimha Vyuha
Vicitrā (विचित्रा) is the name of a Mātṛkā-Śakti created by Mahārudra in order to control the plague of demons created by Andhakāsura.—Accordingly, Andhaka-Asura tried to kidnap Umā (Devī Pārvatī), and was fiercely attacked by Mahārudra who shot arrows at him from his mahāpināka. when the arrows pierced the body of Andhakāsura, drops of blood fell to earth and from those drops, thousands of Andhakas arose. To control this plague of demons, Mahārudra created Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Vicitrā] and ordered them to drink the blood of the demons and drain them dry.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)
Vicitrā (विचित्रा) refers to a variation Gīti, which itself is a variety of Gāthā: one of the oldest Prakrit meters probably developed out of the epic Anuṣṭubh, as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Among the metres derived from the Gāthā, Gīti, Upagīti and Udgīti are most important. Gīti is made with two first halves of a Gāthā. [...] If in a Gīti, pañcamātras were substituted for any of the caturmātras without any restriction, it gets the name Vicitrā, and if a caturmātra is substituted for the last long letter in each half, the Gīti is called Skandhaka.
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: BDK Tripiṭaka: The Susiddhikara-sūtra
Vicitra (विचित्र) refers to “variegated food”, as mentioned in Chapter 12 (“offering food”) of the Susiddhikara-sūtra. Accordingly, “If among the oblation rites you see one that uses ‘kāmika (desirable) food,’ you should offer svastika cakes, ulopika (?) cakes, and other dishes prepared to the best of your ability: these include [dishes with] granular sugar, boiled rice mixed with curds, roots, fruits, and milk gruel. This kāmika food is suitable for offering in all instances except ābhicāruka [rites]. If among the oblation rites you see one that uses ‘vicitra (variegated) food,’ add to the kāmika food two or three kinds of food different from the above: this is [vicitra food]. If among the oblation rites you see one that uses ‘udāra (great) food,’ double the above kāmika food and set out large quantities: this is [udāra food]”.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
Vicitra (विचित्र) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Vicitra] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
1) Vicitrā (विचित्रा) refers to one of the eight Dikkumārīs living in the lower world, according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
“[...] then eight Dikkumārīs [viz., Vicitrā] living in the lower world, their thrones being shaken at once, came to the birth-house. After they had circumabulated three times the first Tīrthakara and his mother, and had paid homage to them, they said, ‘Reverence to you, Mother of the World, Giver of the Light of the World. We eight Dikkumārīs [viz., Vicitrā], living in the lower world, have come here by his power to make a festival to him, knowing by clairvoyant knowledge the purifying birth of the Tīrthakṛt. Therefore, do not be afraid’. [...].”.
2) Vicitrā (विचित्रा) also refers to one of the eight Dikkumārīs living in the upper world (on mount Meru), according to the same chapter.
“[...] Likewise, having known by the shaking of their thrones, the eight Dikkumārīs [viz., Vicitrā] living on mount Meru, inhabitants of the upper world, came. After bowing to the Jina and the Jina’s mother and announcing themselves as before, they quickly made a mass of clouds in the sky, like the month nabhasya. For a yojana around the house they [viz., Vicitrā] laid the dust completely with perfumed water like darkness by moonlight. They made a shower of five-colored flowers knee-deep, making the earth made of variegated paintings as it were. [...].”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
vicitra (विचित्र).—a (S) Variegated, piebald, of different colors. 2 Wonderful, surprising, marvelous, strange. 3 (Poetry.) Various, sundry, divers. Ex. vicitra annēṃ vāḍhilīṃ pātrīṃ ||.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
vicitra (विचित्र).—a Variegated; wonderful; diverse
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Diversified, variegated, spotted, speckled; इयमुद्ग्रथते स्रजो विचित्राः (iyamudgrathate srajo vicitrāḥ) Mu.1.4.
2) Various, varied.
4) Beautiful, lovely; क्वचिद्विचित्रं जलयन्त्रमन्दिरम् (kvacidvicitraṃ jalayantramandiram) Ṛs.1.2.
5) Wonderful, surprising, strange; हतविधिलसितानां हि विचित्रो विपाकः (hatavidhilasitānāṃ hi vicitro vipākaḥ) Śi.11.64.
-traḥ The Aśoka tree.
-trā A white deer.
-tram 1 Variegated colour.
3) A figure of speech (implying apparently the reverse of the meaning intended).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Vicitra (विचित्र).—var. for Citra, q.v., as name of a nāga king: Mahāvyutpatti 3268.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-traḥ-trā-traṃ) 1. Variegated, spotted. 2. Painted, coloured. 3. Handsome, beautiful. 4. Wonderful, surprising. n.
(-traṃ) 1. Variegated, (the colour.) 2. Surprise. 3. Speech implying apparently the reverse of the object intended. E. vi before, citra variegated, &c.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vicitra (विचित्र).—I. adj. 1. variegated, spotted. 2. painted. 3. handsome. 4. surprising. Ii. n. 1. variegated (the colour). 2. surprise. 3. speech implying apparently the reverse of the intended object.
Vicitra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vi and citra (चित्र).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vicitra (विचित्र).—[adjective] variegated, many-coloured; various, manifold, different; extraordinary, strange, wonderful beautiful, surprising, amusing. Abstr. tā [feminine]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Vicitra (विचित्र):—[=vi-citra] [from vi] a See sub voce
2) [=vi-citra] b mf(ā)n. variegated, many-coloured, motley, brilliant, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.
3) [v.s. ...] manifold, various, diverse, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.
4) [v.s. ...] strange, wonderful, surprising, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
5) [v.s. ...] charming, lovely, beautiful, [Rāmāyaṇa; Ṛtusaṃhāra]
6) [v.s. ...] amusing, entertaining (as a story), [Kathāsaritsāgara]
7) [v.s. ...] painted, coloured, [Horace H. Wilson]
8) [=vi-citra] m. the Aśoka tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) [v.s. ...] Name of a king, [Mahābhārata]
10) [v.s. ...] of a son of Manu Raucya or Deva-sāvarṇi, [Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]
11) [v.s. ...] of a heron, [Hitopadeśa]
12) Vicitrā (विचित्रा):—[=vi-citrā] [from vi-citra] f. a white deer, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]
13) [v.s. ...] colocynth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
14) [v.s. ...] (in music) a [particular] Mūrchanā, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]
15) [v.s. ...] Name of a river, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
16) Vicitra (विचित्र):—[=vi-citra] n. variegated colour, party-colour, [Horace H. Wilson]
17) [v.s. ...] wonder, surprise, [Gīta-govinda]
18) [v.s. ...] a figure of speech (implying apparently the reverse of the meaning intended), [Kuvalayānanda; Pratāparudrīya]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)