Vicitra, aka: Vicitrā; 12 Definition(s)

Introduction

Vicitra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vichitra.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

Vicitra (विचित्र).—A Kṣatriya King. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Stanza 61, that this King was born from a portion of the asura Krodhavaśa.

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Vicitra (विचित्र).—A son of Raucya Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 104; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 108; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 41.

1b) A son of Devasāvarṇi.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 30.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Vicitra (विचित्र) refers to a one of the twenty maṇḍalas, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 12. The Vicitra-maṇḍala is classified as a ākāśa, or “aerial”, of which there are ten in total. A maṇḍala is a combination of cārīs (“dance-steps”), which refers refers to the simultaneous movement of the feet (pāda), shanks (jaṅghā) and the hip (ūru). From these cārīs proceed dance as well as movements in general.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vicitra (विचित्र, “diverse”) refers to one of the sixteen words that together make up the elā musical composition (prabandha), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 67-84. Elā is an important subgenre of song and was regarded as an auspicious and important prabandha (composition) in ancient Indian music (gāndharva). According to nirukta analysis, the etymological meaning of elā can be explained as follows: a represents Viṣṇu, i represents Kāmadeva, la represents Lakṣmī.

Vicitra is one of the sixteen words of elā and has a presiding deity named mātaṅgī (female elephant) defined in the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”), which is a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Vicitra (विचित्र).—A type of maṇḍala (series of cārīs) classified as aerial (ākāśa);—Instructions:

1) The right foot successively to be moved in the janitā-cārī and in the talasañcara (nikuṭṭana) manner,
2) The left foot in the syanditā-cārī, the right foot in the pārśvakrāntā-cārī,
3) The left foot in the bhujaṅgatrasitā-cārī and the tight foot successively in the ātikrāntā and udvṛttā-cārīs,
4) the left foot in the sūcī-cārī, the right foot in the vikṣitpā (ākṣiptā) cārī and the left foot in the apakrāntā-cārī.

(Source): archive.org: Natya Shastra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Śilpaśāstra (iconography)

Vicitra (विचित्र) refers to one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in Indian music.—The illustration of Vicitra (as a deity) according to 15th-century Indian art is as follows.—The colour of his body is yellow. His face is similar to the face of a goat. Lamp is in his right hand and a viṇā in his left hand.

The illustrations (of, for example Vicitra) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

(Source): archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style
Śilpaśāstra book cover
context information

Śilpaśāstra (शिल्पशास्त्र, shilpa-shastra) represents the ancient Indian science of creative arts such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vāstuśāstra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Vyākaraṇa (Sanskrit grammar)

Vicitra (विचित्र).—Of various or wonderful kinds beyond our ken or comprehension cf. विचित्रास्तद्धितवृत्तयः (vicitrāstaddhitavṛttayaḥ) M.Bh. on P.II. 4.32 Vart. 7; VI. 1. 99 Vart. 2.

(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyākaraṇa (व्याकरण, vyakarana) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedāṅga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyākaraṇa concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Vicitra (विचित्र) is the name of one of the thirty-two Yakṣiṇīs mentioned in the Kakṣapuṭatantra, as well as one of the thirty-six Yakṣiṇīs mentioned in the Uḍḍāmareśvaratantra. In the yakṣiṇī-sādhana, the Yakṣiṇī is regarded as the guardian spirit who provides worldly benefits to the practitioner. The Yakṣiṇī (eg., Vicitra) provides, inter alia, daily food, clothing and money, tells the future, and bestows a long life, but she seldom becomes a partner in sexual practices.

(Source): academia.edu: Yakṣiṇī-sādhana in the Kakṣapuṭa tantra
Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

vicitra (विचित्र).—a (S) Variegated, piebald, of different colors. 2 Wonderful, surprising, marvelous, strange. 3 (Poetry.) Various, sundry, divers. Ex. vicitra annēṃ vāḍhilīṃ pātrīṃ ||.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vicitra (विचित्र).—a Variegated; wonderful; diverse

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

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