Upadruta: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Upadruta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Upadruta (उपद्रुत).—Name of a saṃdhi which is described as उद्ग्राहवत् (udgrāhavat) in R.Pr: e. g. न ऋते (na ṛte). See उद्ग्राह (udgrāha).

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Universität Wien: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Upadruta (उपद्रुत) refers to “(being) persecuted”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “Having had [an image of] Sudarśana with such various aspects constructed, [but] having not installed [the image properly], the Kings and ministers will at once lose [all their] wealth and be defeated by [their] enemies. Because of the absence of worship they will [eventually] be banished from the kingdom and persecuted (upadruta)”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Upadruta (उपद्रुत) refers to “having been attacked” (by evil spirits), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 15.12-14ab, while describing the symbolic significance of mustard (seeds)]—“The mantrin should offer the oblation that grants all tranquility [with a] mixture of ghee, cow’s milk, ground white sugar, and sesame seeds when one has come under the control of death [or has been] attacked (upadruta) by evil spirits. Indeed, he should offer the highest red mustard together with black sesame sprinkled with three kinds of oils. Instantly, [this] produces the fruit of universal tranquility”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

upadruta (उपद्रुत).—p S Harassed, troubled, worried.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upadruta (उपद्रुत).—p. p.

1) Visited by calamities, oppressed, attacked, infested; वेदनाभिरुपद्रुतम् (vedanābhirupadrutam) H.4.88.

2) (In astr.) Eclipsed.

3) Boding evil, inauspicious.

-tam A term used by the Bāṣkalas for a kind of Sandhi, also called उद्ग्राहवत् (udgrāhavat) q. v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upadruta (उपद्रुत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Tyrannized over, oppressed, visited by calamities, &c. E. upa before dru to go, kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Upadruta (उपद्रुत):—[=upa-druta] [from upa-dru] mfn. run after, persecuted, attacked, oppressed, visited (by calamities), tyrannized over, [Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara; Hitopadeśa; Suśruta] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (in [astrology]) eclipsed = boding evil, inauspicious, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

3) [v.s. ...] n. a kind of Sandhi, [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upadruta (उपद्रुत):—[upa-druta] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) p. Oppressed.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Upadruta (उपद्रुत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Uddavia, Udduya, Uvaddaviya, Uvaddua.

[Sanskrit to German]

Upadruta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Upadruta (ಉಪದ್ರುತ):—[adjective] troubled; pained; distressed; afflicted.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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