Bahurupin, Bahurupini, Bahu-rupini, Bahurūpin, Bahurūpiṇī, Bahu-rupin: 5 definitions


Bahurupin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Bahurupin in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Bahurūpin (बहुरूपिन्) refers to “(the Vidyā) of many forms”, according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “In the meantime, once the goddess had crossed over the most excellent Yoga and once the fifth night had passed, she emerged from the middle of the Liṅga. [...] She (also has other forms with) two or six arms and, beautiful, sits on five ghosts. In the left hand (she holds) a skull and (in her other) upraised hands (she holds a) noose and spear. Crooked, her body grey, she is Cāmuṇḍā, the accomplished Yoginī. This Vidyā, of many forms [i.e., bahurūpiṇvidyeyaṃ bahurūpiṇī], is the woman who resides within the Triangle. Such is the visualized form of the goddess, the deity called Khageśī”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Bahurupin in Jainism glossary
Source: The Jaina Iconography

Bahurūpiṇī (बहुरूपिणी) or Naradattā is the name of the Yakṣiṇī accompanying Munisuvrata: the twentieth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—The Jaina texts furnish the emblem of a tortoise which differentiates the image of this Jina from those of all the rest. The Yakṣa husband and wife are called Varuṇa and Naradattā (Digambara Bahurūpiṇī) respectively. The king who plays the part of his Chowri-bearer is named Ajita. The tree made sacred by being associated with the scene of his Kevala knowledge is Campaka.

Naradattā is described in the Śvetāmbara literature as seated in the Bhadrāsana posture, showing four hands which hold Varada, rosary, citron, and trident (or urn). The Digambara Yakṣiṇī is represented by them as riding a black snake and holding a shield, fruit, sword and Varada-mudrā. Naradattā or Bahurūpiṇī from the nature of her symbols and her husband’s being of Śaivite character, discloses herself in representation as a form of Durgā or a Brahmanic Śakti. The Yakṣiṇī element in her may be clearly attested by the symbol of the fruit citron and the urn, the true attribute of the wife of Varuṇa. It should be noted in this connection that this Naradattā and the predefined Puruṣadattā, the Yakṣiṇī of Sumatinātha, being the same in meaning suggest some mysterious common origin.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Bahurūpiṇī (बहुरूपिणी) or Bahurūpā is the name of a Vidyā, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.7 [The killing of Rāvaṇa] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “Wounded in his heart very much by their speech about the return of Sītā, as if struck in a vital spot, Daśamukha reflected for a long time. Having decided in his heart on the subjugation of the vidyā Bahurūpā, Rāvaṇa, his passions subdued, went to Śrī Śānti’s shrine. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bahurupin in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bahurūpin (बहुरूपिन्):—[=bahu-rūpin] [from bahu > bah] mfn. = -rūpaka mfn., [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bahurupin in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bahurūpiṇi (ಬಹುರೂಪಿಣಿ):—

1) [noun] a woman who acts in different roles (in a drama).

2) [noun] a woman who performs acrobatics.

3) [noun] (jain.) an accomplishment by which a person can assume any form at will.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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