Naradatta, Naradattā, Nara-datta: 7 definitions



Naradatta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Naradatta in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Naradatta (नरदत्त) is one of the Bodhisattvas accompanying the Buddha at Rājagṛha on the Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata, mentioned in a list of twenty-two in to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 13.—They were at the head of countless thousands of koṭinayuta of Bodhisattva-mahāsattvas who were all still awaiting succession and will still accede to Buddhahood. He is also known as Na lo ta.

Naradatta is one of the sixteen classified as a lay (gṛhastha) Bodhisattva: Naradatta, of the brahmin caste, lives in Mi t’i lo (Mithilā).

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Naradatta in Jainism glossary
Source: The Jaina Iconography

Naradattā (नरदत्ता) or Bahurūpiṇī is the name of the Yakṣiṇī accompanying Munisuvrata: the twentieth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—The Jaina texts furnish the emblem of a tortoise which differentiates the image of this Jina from those of all the rest. The Yakṣa husband and wife are called Varuṇa and Naradattā (Digambara Bahurūpiṇī) respectively. The king who plays the part of his Chowri-bearer is named Ajita. The tree made sacred by being associated with the scene of his Kevala knowledge is Campaka.

Naradattā is described in the Śvetāmbara literature as seated in the Bhadrāsana posture, showing four hands which hold Varada, rosary, citron, and trident (or urn). The Digambara Yakṣiṇī is represented by them as riding a black snake and holding a shield, fruit, sword and Varada-mudrā. Naradattā or Bahurūpiṇī from the nature of her symbols and her husband’s being of Śaivite character, discloses herself in representation as a form of Durgā or a Brahmanic Śakti. The Yakṣiṇī element in her may be clearly attested by the symbol of the fruit citron and the urn, the true attribute of the wife of Varuṇa. It should be noted in this connection that this Naradattā and the predefined Puruṣadattā, the Yakṣiṇī of Sumatinātha, being the same in meaning suggest some mysterious common origin.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Naradattā (नरदत्ता) is the name of the Yakṣiṇī (i.e., Śāsanadevatās, ‘messenger-deities’) associated with Munisuvrata, according to chapter 6.7 [śrī-munisuvratanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“Originating in that congregation, the Yakṣa Varuṇa, three-eyed, four-faced, white, with matted hair, with a bull for a vehicle, with four right arms holding a citron, club, arrow, and spear, and four left arms holding an ichneumon, rosary, bow, and axe; and Naradattā, likewise originated, fair, placed on a throne, shining with two right arms, one in boon-granting position and one holding a rosary, with two left arms holding a citron and a trident, became the two messenger-deities of Suvrata Svāmin”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Naradatta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Naradatta (नरदत्त).—(1) name of a nephew and pupil of the ṛṣi Asita: Lalitavistara 101.2 ff.; in Mahāvastu as in Pali named Nālaka; (2) name of a Bodhisattva: Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 6.8; (3) name of a virtuous man (satpuruṣa q.v.): Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 3.11 (Kashgar recension Nāla°; Burnouf Ratnadatta, noting that all mss. but one read Nara°; Tibetan mes byin, which should render Pitāmaha- datta, doubtless understanding Nara as the Primeval Spirit, also sometimes called Pitāmaha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Naradatta (नरदत्त):—[=nara-datta] [from nara] m. Name of a Brāhman (nephew of the Ṛṣi Asita), [Lalita-vistara]

2) Naradattā (नरदत्ता):—[=nara-dattā] [from nara-datta > nara] f. Name of a goddess executing the commands of the 20th Arhat of present Ava-sarpiṇī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] of one of the 16 Vidyā-devīs, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Naradatta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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