Atmi, Ātmī: 2 definitions


Atmi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Ātmī (आत्मी):—Second of the eight Mahāmātṛs existing within the Mātṛcakra, according to the Kubjikāmatatantra. Ātmī stands for the “ātman”. The eight Mahāmātṛs are also called mudrās because all the directions are ‘sealed’ by them.

Ātmī (as do each of the eight Mahāmātṛs) divides herself into eight (secondary) mātṛs, presided over by a Bhairava (fearsome manifestations of Śiva) and his Mātṛkā as consorts. The Mātṛs of this second and eastern group are born from Ātmī’s body and represent the eight concepts of the same names. They belong to Caṇḍa Bhairava and his consort Brāhmī.

The eight deities originating from Ātmī are called:

  1. Sakalā,
  2. Niṣkalā,
  3. Vijñānā,
  4. Pralayā,
  5. Dharmā,
  6. Adharmā,
  7. Āṇavā
  8. and Māyā.

These eight Mātṛs symbolize the different kinds of souls, as well as the impurities by which these souls, except for Niṣkala or Śiva, are bound. Thus, they clearly express their subordination to their Mahāmātṛ called Ātmī (or the Ātman-Mātṛ).

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[Sanskrit to German]

Atmi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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