Anava, Āṇava, Āṇavā, Aṇava, Ānava: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Anava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Āṇavā (आणवा) refers to the seventh of the eight Mātṛs born from the body of Ātmī, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra. These eight sub-manifestations (mātṛ), including Āṇavā, symbolize the different kinds of souls, as well as the impurities by which these souls are bound (except for Niṣkala or Śiva). They are presided over by the Bhairava Caṇḍa and his consort Brāhmī. Ātmī is the second of the Eight Mahāmātṛs, residing within the Mātṛcakra (third of the five cakras) and represents the ātman.

Source: archive.org: Vijnana Bhairava or Divine Consciousness

Āṇava (आणव) refers to a category of dhāraṇās according to the Śaivāgamas. The term dhāraṇā refers to a particular way “concentrating the mind”, and can be seen as a means of attaining the ultimate truth.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Āṇava (आणव) (Cf. Samāveśa) refers to the “individual soul” according to Abhinava’s Tantrāloka (verse 1.167-170), while quoting his Mālinīvijayottaratantra (verse 2.21-23).—Accordingly, “The three (ways in which impurity is eradicated) was taught by the Supreme Lord in the Mālinīvijayottaratantra in the course of explaining (the forms) of penetration (into the supreme state) (samāveśa). [...] That penetration which takes place by virtue of the utterance of mantra (uccāra), bodily postures (karaṇa), meditation (dhyāna), the letters (varṇa) and the formation of supports (sthānakalpanā) is appropriately said to pertain to the individual soul (āṇava). [...]”.

2) Āṇava (आणव) refers to “individual consciousness”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] I will now expound the sixfold introduction to the differentiated (sakala aspect). The Śāmbhava (state), supreme and tranquil, is above the six (Wheels). It is liberation (kaivalya), unique (kevala), tranquil, devoid of the Five Voids and beneficial. It is consciousness, supreme and pure. It is the inexplicable (kiñcit) Śāmbhava (state) that is pure consciousness (cinmātra). It is supreme. It is the supreme Nirvāṇa, the body made of consciousness along with Śiva. The subtle, pure consciousness of the Person [i.e., cinmātra-pauruṣa] is said to be subtle and omnipresent. (Thus) consciousness is said to be of three kinds, Individual (āṇava), Empowered (śākta), and Śāmbhava.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Aṇava (अणव) refers to a type of grain (Panicum miliaceum) and represents one of the seventeen varieties of dhānya (“grain”) according to Śvetāmbara tradition and listed in Hemacandra’s 12th century Yogaśāstra (verse 3.95). Dhānya represents one of the classes of the external (bahya) division of attachment (parigraha) and is related to the Aparigraha-vrata (vow of non-attachment).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

anavā (अनवा).—m A huge edible root (like the jack-fruit) of the yam kind.

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anavā (अनवा).—a ind ( A) New, novel, rare, wonderful, precious, excellent, superlative;--used freely in expression of admiration or delight. Ex. ājacēṃ gāṇēṃ a0 jhālēṃ; āja khīra a0 jhālī; hēṃ lihiṇēṃ kāyahō a0.

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anavā (अनवा).—m (anvaya S) A rough copy; a hastily and briefly penned writing.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Āṇava (आणव).—a. (- f.) Exceedingly small.

-vam Exceeding smallness or minuteness.

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Ānava (आनव).—a. [ānuḥ prāṇī tasyedaṃ aṇ]

1) Human (as strength &c.).

2) Kind to men, benevolent.

-vaḥ 1 Men, people.

2) Foreign men or people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ānava (आनव).—[adjective] kind to men; human; [masculine] foreigner.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Āṇava (आणव):—[from āṇaka] mfn. ([from] aṇu), fine, minute, [Upaniṣad]

2) [v.s. ...] = āṇavīna q.v., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] n. exceeding smallness, ([gana] pṛthv-ādi q.v.)

4) Ānava (आनव):—mf(ī)n. ([from] 2. anu, [Boehtlingk & Roth’s Sanskrit-Woerterbuch]), kind to men, [Ṛg-veda]

5) humane, [ib.]

6) a foreign man, [Ṛg-veda vii, 18, 13] (according to, [Tārānātha tarkavācaspati’s Vācaspatyam, Sanskrit dictionary][from] ānu = man, ‘belonging to living men’).

[Sanskrit to German]

Anava in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Aṇava (अणव) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Ṛṇavat.

2) Aṇāva (अणाव) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Ānāya.

3) Āṇava (आणव) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Ājñapa.

4) Āṇāva (आणाव) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Ānāya.

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Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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