Anava, Āṇava, Āṇavā, Aṇava, Ānava: 12 definitions
Anava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
Āṇavā (आणवा) refers to the seventh of the eight Mātṛs born from the body of Ātmī, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra. These eight sub-manifestations (mātṛ), including Āṇavā, symbolize the different kinds of souls, as well as the impurities by which these souls are bound (except for Niṣkala or Śiva). They are presided over by the Bhairava Caṇḍa and his consort Brāhmī. Ātmī is the second of the Eight Mahāmātṛs, residing within the Mātṛcakra (third of the five cakras) and represents the ātman.Source: archive.org: Vijnana Bhairava or Divine Consciousness
Āṇava (आणव) refers to a category of dhāraṇās according to the Śaivāgamas. The term dhāraṇā refers to a particular way “concentrating the mind”, and can be seen as a means of attaining the ultimate truth.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
1) Āṇava (आणव) (Cf. Samāveśa) refers to the “individual soul” according to Abhinava’s Tantrāloka (verse 1.167-170), while quoting his Mālinīvijayottaratantra (verse 2.21-23).—Accordingly, “The three (ways in which impurity is eradicated) was taught by the Supreme Lord in the Mālinīvijayottaratantra in the course of explaining (the forms) of penetration (into the supreme state) (samāveśa). [...] That penetration which takes place by virtue of the utterance of mantra (uccāra), bodily postures (karaṇa), meditation (dhyāna), the letters (varṇa) and the formation of supports (sthānakalpanā) is appropriately said to pertain to the individual soul (āṇava). [...]”.
2) Āṇava (आणव) refers to “individual consciousness”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] I will now expound the sixfold introduction to the differentiated (sakala aspect). The Śāmbhava (state), supreme and tranquil, is above the six (Wheels). It is liberation (kaivalya), unique (kevala), tranquil, devoid of the Five Voids and beneficial. It is consciousness, supreme and pure. It is the inexplicable (kiñcit) Śāmbhava (state) that is pure consciousness (cinmātra). It is supreme. It is the supreme Nirvāṇa, the body made of consciousness along with Śiva. The subtle, pure consciousness of the Person [i.e., cinmātra-pauruṣa] is said to be subtle and omnipresent. (Thus) consciousness is said to be of three kinds, Individual (āṇava), Empowered (śākta), and Śāmbhava.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga
Aṇava (अणव) refers to a type of grain (Panicum miliaceum) and represents one of the seventeen varieties of dhānya (“grain”) according to Śvetāmbara tradition and listed in Hemacandra’s 12th century Yogaśāstra (verse 3.95). Dhānya represents one of the classes of the external (bahya) division of attachment (parigraha) and is related to the Aparigraha-vrata (vow of non-attachment).
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
anavā (अनवा).—m A huge edible root (like the jack-fruit) of the yam kind.
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anavā (अनवा).—a ind ( A) New, novel, rare, wonderful, precious, excellent, superlative;--used freely in expression of admiration or delight. Ex. ājacēṃ gāṇēṃ a0 jhālēṃ; āja khīra a0 jhālī; hēṃ lihiṇēṃ kāyahō a0.
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anavā (अनवा).—m (anvaya S) A rough copy; a hastily and briefly penned writing.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Āṇava (आणव).—a. (-vī f.) Exceedingly small.
-vam Exceeding smallness or minuteness.
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Ānava (आनव).—a. [ānuḥ prāṇī tasyedaṃ aṇ]
1) Human (as strength &c.).
2) Kind to men, benevolent.
-vaḥ 1 Men, people.
2) Foreign men or people.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Ānava (आनव).—[adjective] kind to men; human; [masculine] foreigner.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Āṇava (आणव):—[from āṇaka] mfn. ([from] aṇu), fine, minute, [Upaniṣad]
2) [v.s. ...] = āṇavīna q.v., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) [v.s. ...] n. exceeding smallness, ([gana] pṛthv-ādi q.v.)
4) Ānava (आनव):—mf(ī)n. ([from] 2. anu, [Boehtlingk & Roth’s Sanskrit-Woerterbuch]), kind to men, [Ṛg-veda]
5) humane, [ib.]
6) a foreign man, [Ṛg-veda vii, 18, 13] (according to, [Tārānātha tarkavācaspati’s Vācaspatyam, Sanskrit dictionary][from] ānu = man, ‘belonging to living men’).
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
1) Aṇava (अणव) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Ṛṇavat.
2) Aṇāva (अणाव) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Ānāya.
3) Āṇava (आणव) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Ājñapa.
4) Āṇāva (आणाव) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Ānāya.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+211): Anava Aparupa, Anava Mala, Anavabaddha, Anavabhasa, Anavabhra, Anavabhraradhas, Anavabodha, Anavabrava, Anavabudhyamana, Anavac, Anavacca, Anavaccheda, Anavacchinna, Anavacchinnahasa, Anavacchitti, Anavachchhinna, Anavada, Anavadagra, Anavadaniya, Anavadda.
Ends with (+51): Abhidhamma Vibhanava, Adanava, Adhimanava, Agnimanava, Amanava, Anandamanava, Arddhamanava, Arddhanava, Ardhamanava, Ardhanava, Arthamanava, Atimanava, Atitanava, Atthanava, Banava, Bebanava, Bhanava, Bhikshamanava, Bhinnanava, Buddhavimamsaka Manava.
Full-text (+119): Anaya, Mala, Avadharshya, Anavabudhyamana, Vijnanakalar, Rinavat, Anava Aparupa, Sakalar, Avadharaniya, Anavadhana, Anavina, Anavasthana, Anavasthita, Ajnapa, Anava Mala, Anavya, Pralayakalar, Avaharana, Bhuktimarga, Siddhipradayaka.
Search found 9 books and stories containing Anava, Āṇava, Āṇavā, Aṇava, Anavā, Ānava, Aṇāva, Āṇāva; (plurals include: Anavas, Āṇavas, Āṇavās, Aṇavas, Anavās, Ānavas, Aṇāvas, Āṇāvas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 5.31.4 < [Sukta 31]
Rig Veda 1.152.4 < [Sukta 152]
Rig Veda 2.41.6 < [Sukta 41]
Cidgaganacandrika (study) (by S. Mahalakshmi)
Verse 62 [Āṇava visarga] < [Chapter 2 - Second Vimarśa]
Part 10 - Three kinds of Visargas (flows) < [Philosophy of Kashmir Tantric System]
Part 3 - Significant concepts of Kashmir Saivism < [Philosophy of Kashmir Tantric System]
The Matsya Purana (critical study) (by Kushal Kalita)
Part 2.1l - The Anva Dynasty < [Chapter 3 - Historical aspects in the Matsyapurāṇa]
Part 2.1c - The Lunar Dynasty < [Chapter 3 - Historical aspects in the Matsyapurāṇa]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
The Religion and Philosophy of Tevaram (Thevaram) (by M. A. Dorai Rangaswamy)
Chapter 76 - Thiruthuruthiyum Thiruvelvikudiyum (Hymn 74) < [Volume 3.6 - Pilgrim’s progress: away from Otriyur and Cankili]
Chapter 1.1 - Arurar’s Language of Mythology < [Volume 2 - Nampi Arurar and Mythology]
Chapter 2 - The Philosophy of the drama of creation < [Volume 4.2.1 - Philosophy of Nature]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 5 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 3 - Śiva-jñāna-bodha < [Chapter XXXIV - Literature of Southern Śaivism]
Part 3 - Māṇikka-vāchakar and Śaiva Siddhānta < [Chapter XXXVIII - Śaiva Philosophy in some of the Important texts]
Part 2 - The Śaiva Ideas of Māṇikka-vāchakar in the Tiru-vāchaka < [Chapter XXXVIII - Śaiva Philosophy in some of the Important texts]