Atmatattva, Ātmatattva, Atman-tattva: 14 definitions


Atmatattva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Atmatattva in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ātmatattva (आत्मतत्त्व) refers to the “reality of the soul”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.42.—Accordingly, as Dakṣa bowed and eulogised Śiva:—“[...] Thou hast created the Brahmins first who uphold learning, penance and sacred rites, in order to realise the reality of the soul (i.e., Ātmatattva), O great lord, from thy mouth. Just as the master of cowherds protects the cows from adversities, so also thou art the saviour of the good. Thou art the watch and ward of Social Conventions. Thou punishest the wicked”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Ātmatattva (आत्मतत्त्व) refers to “categorical knowledge of the nature of the soul”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Atmatattva in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Ātmatattva (आत्मतत्त्व) refers to the “principle of the self”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] Another way of understanding this important triad [i.e., Āṇava, Śākta, and Śāmbhava] is in relation to another one, formed by dividing the thirty-six principles into three parts: Inferior (apara), Middling (parāpara) and Supreme (para). The first ‘inferior’ part is the Principle of the Self (ātmatattva). This spans the thirty-one principles starting with Earth up to Māyā. The next, the Principle of Vidyā (vidyātattva), extends for the next four principles from Pure Knowledge (śuddhavidyā) to Śakti (śakti) and is the middle one. The supreme one, named Śiva (śivatattva), consists of only the highest principle, namely, Śiva.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Atmatattva in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Ātmatattva (आत्मतत्त्व) refers to the “truth of the self”, according to the Haṭhatattvakaumudī by Sundaradeva: a large compendium on Yoga in roughly 2000 Sanskrit verses quoting from Yoga texts, Upaniṣads, Epics, Purāṇas, Dharmaśāstras etc.—Accordingly, while discussing that Yogins enjoy an eternal bliss that is beyond the transcience of religious merit: “All religions have as their principal [practice] the Yamas and Niyamas and even though [such religions] destroy sin, they do not reveal the truth of the self (ātmatattva) by themselves. They give the †heavenly† state as long as there is merit according to one's share [of it]. There is no imperishable happiness without yoga. And so, it is said in the Amanaska: ‘Even in the dissolutions of Viṣṇu and Śiva, Yogins enjoy supreme bliss, like the great-souled Bhuśuṇḍa and others’.”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Atmatattva in Hinduism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

sanskrit; lit: 'The truth that is the Ātman'.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Ātmatattva (आत्मतत्त्व) refers to the “true self”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Homage be to you, homage be to you, homage be to you, homage, homage, With devotion I bow to you, Guru protector be pleased with me. By whose bright rays of light, the true self suddenly appears (sphurita-ātmatattva), With an abundance of jeweled radiance, defeating darkness, Rightly understanding with clear eyes, with intense playfulness, This adoration is offered to them, to the illuminating Guru”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Atmatattva in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Ātmatattva (आत्मतत्त्व) refers to the “real state of the self”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Or, the Supreme Soul is not perceived through its own nature which is unknown. The individual self is to be ascertained first in order to discern the Supreme Soul. Further, there may not be an abiding in the self for one who is ignorant of the real state of the self (ātmatattva-anabhijña). Hence he fails to distinguish between the nature of the body and the self”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Atmatattva in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ātmatattva (आत्मतत्त्व).—

1) the true nature of the soul or the supreme spirit; यदात्म- तत्त्वेन तु ब्रह्मतत्त्वं प्रपश्येत (yadātma- tattvena tu brahmatattvaṃ prapaśyeta) Śvet.2.15.

2) the highest thing. °ज्ञः (jñaḥ) a sage versed in the Vedānta doctrines.

Derivable forms: ātmatattvam (आत्मतत्त्वम्).

Ātmatattva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ātman and tattva (तत्त्व).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ātmatattva (आत्मतत्त्व).—n.

(-tvaṃ) The nature of spirit. E. ātman and tattva truth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Ātmatattva (आत्मतत्त्व) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—vedānta. Burnell. 93^b.
—by Rāmānandatīrtha. Mentioned L. 1017.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ātmatattva (आत्मतत्त्व):—[=ātma-tattva] [from ātma > ātman] n. the true nature of the soul or of the supreme spirit, [Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad]

[Sanskrit to German]

Atmatattva in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Atmatattva in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ātmatattva (ಆತ್ಮತತ್ತ್ವ):—[noun] the true nature of the soul or the Supreme spirit.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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