Shrimad Bhagavad-gita

by Narayana Gosvami | 2013 | 327,105 words

The Bhagavad-gita Verse 11.1, English translation, including the Vaishnava commentaries Sarartha-varsini-tika, Prakashika-vritti and Rasika-ranjana (excerpts). This is verse Verse 11.1 from the chapter 11 called “Vishvarupa-darshana-yoga (beholding the Lord’s Universal Form)”

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration, Word-for-word and English translation of verse 11.1:

मद्-अनुग्रहाय परमं गुह्यम् अध्यात्म-संज्ञितम् ।
यत् त्वयोक्तं वचस् तेन मोहोऽयं विगतो मम ॥ १ ॥

mad-anugrahāya paramaṃ guhyam adhyātma-saṃjñitam |
yat tvayoktaṃ vacas tena moho'yaṃ vigato mama || 1 ||

arjuna uvāca–Arjuna said; mat–for me; anugrahāya–in order to show mercy; paramam–supreme; guhyam–confidential knowledge; adhyātma-saṃjñitam–concerning Your opulences; yat–which are; tvayā–by You; uktam–spoken; vacaḥ–the words; tena–by those words; mohaḥ–delusion born from ignorance; ayam–this; vigataḥ–has been dispelled; mama–My.

Arjuna said: Now that I have heard the supremely confidential knowledge of Your opulences, which You revealed out of Your compassion for me, my delusion born of ignorance has been dispelled.

Commentary: Sārārtha-Varṣiṇī Ṭīkā

(By Śrīla Viśvanātha Cakravartī Ṭhākura; the innermost intention of the commentary named ‘the shower of essential meanings’)

In this Eleventh Chapter, Arjuna becomes fearful upon seeing Śrī Bhagavān’s universal form (viśvarūpa), and his intelligence becomes perplexed. He thus begins praying to Him. Thereafter, Śrī Hari bestows bliss upon Arjuna by again showing him His own two-armed form.

At the end of the last chapter, Śrī Kṛṣṇa said, “With merely a single portion of Myself I pervade and support the whole universe.” When Arjuna heard of the opulences (vibhūtis) of his dear friend, who is the primeval person and the abode of all opulences, he became immersed in supreme bliss. With a desire to see that form, Arjuna now speaks three verses, the first beginning with mad-anugrahāya.

Arjuna’s ignorance of Śrī Kṛṣṇa’s feature of majesty was dispelled upon hearing the statements of Śrī Bhagavān, from whom all these opulences originate.

Commentary: Sārārtha-Varṣiṇī Prakāśikā-vṛtti

(By Śrīla Bhaktivedānta Nārāyaṇa Gosvāmī Mahārāja; the explanation that illuminates the commentary named Sārārtha-varṣiṇī)

In the previous chapter, when Arjuna heard Śrī Bhagavān speak the most confidential and supremely secret instructions on the science of the soul, ātma-tattva, his delusion was removed to a certain extent. He understood clearly that Śrī Kṛṣṇa is Svayam Bhagavān, the ultimate limit of the Absolute Truth. By a portion of Himself–Paramātmā–He enters and pervades this entire universe, manifesting unlimited opulences. Although He is the fountainhead of all majesty, He remains distinct from it in His eternal, two-armed Śyāmasundara form.

Arjuna rejoices upon hearing Bhagavān’s statements and wants to realize this knowledge. He therefore says, “Previously I doubted whether or not Your opulences are independent of You, but now this doubt, which was born of ignorance, has been dispelled.”

On a deeper level, this statement indicates that Arjuna now wants to see Kṛṣṇa’s universal form.

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