Asman, Ashman, Aśman: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Asman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Aśman can be transliterated into English as Asman or Ashman, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Aśman (अश्मन्) refers to “gravel”, mentioned in verse 4.20-22 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] from (suppressed) sperm (result) its outflow, pubic pain, cutaneous swelling, fever, throbbing of the heart, retention of urine, racking in the limbs, swelling of the testicles, gravel [viz., aśman], and impotence. Cock, arrack, rice, enema, inunction, bathing, milk prepared with bladder-cleansing (substances, and) lovely women one shall turn to in this case”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Aśman (अश्मन्) is the name of a deity who fought on Vīrabhadra’s side in his campaign to destroy Dakṣa’s sacrifice, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.37. Accordingly:—“[...] Vīrabhadra took up all the great miraculous weapons for his fight with Viṣṇu and roared like a lion. [...] A noisy terrible fight ensued between the Gaṇas and the guardians of the quarters, both roaring like lions. [...] Indra fought with Nandin; the fire-god with Aśman and the powerful Kubera fought with Kūṣmāṇḍapati. [...] The infuriated fire-god hit Aśman with his (spear). He too hit back the fire god with his trident of very sharp point”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Aśman (अश्मन्) refers to “stone §§ 2.10, 12; 5.4.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Asman, (nt.) (Vedic aśman; the usual P. forms are amha and asama2) stone, rock; only in Instr. asmanā SnA 362. (Page 89)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aśman (अश्मन्).—a. Ved. Eating or pervading; अश्मान्नानामाधिपत्यं जगाम (aśmānnānāmādhipatyaṃ jagāma) Av.18.4.54. m. [अश्नुते व्याप्नोति संहन्त्यनेन बा° मनिन् (aśnute vyāpnoti saṃhantyanena bā° manin) Uṇ.4.146]

1) A stone; नाराचक्षेपणी- याश्मनिष्पेषोत्पतितानलम् (nārācakṣepaṇī- yāśmaniṣpeṣotpatitānalam) R.4.77.

2) A hard stone, rock.

3) Flint. ततोऽश्मसहिता धाराः संवृण्वन्त्यः समन्ततः (tato'śmasahitā dhārāḥ saṃvṛṇvantyaḥ samantataḥ) Mb.3.143.19.

4) A cloud.

5) A thunderbolt.

6) A mountain.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśman (अश्मन्).—m.

(-śmā) A stone or rock. E. aśa to spread, &c. manin Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśman (अश्मन्).—[aś + man] (see vb. śo), m. A stone.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśman (अश्मन्).—1. [masculine] eater.

--- OR ---

Aśman (अश्मन्).—2. [masculine] rock, stone, thunderbolt, sky. aśman [locative] in the sky. Du. heaven and earth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aśman (अश्मन्):—[from aśna] 1. aśman m. an eater, [Atharva-veda xviii, 4, 54.]

2) [from aśna] 2. aśman m. (once aśman, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa iii]), a stone, rock, [Ṛg-veda] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a precious stone, [Ṛg-veda v, 47, 3; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa vi]

4) [v.s. ...] any instrument made of stone (as a hammer etc.), [Ṛg-veda] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] thunderbolt, [Ṛg-veda] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] a cloud, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska]

7) [v.s. ...] the firmament, [Ṛg-veda v, 30, 8; 56, 4; vii, 88, 2]

8) [v.s. ...] cf. [Zend] asman; [Persian] aṣmān; [Lithuanian] akmu; [Slavonic or Slavonian] kamy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśman (अश्मन्):—(śmā) 5. m. A stone or rock.

[Sanskrit to German]

Asman in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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