The backdrop of the Srikanthacarita and the Mankhakosa

by Dhrubajit Sarma | 2015 | 94,519 words

This page relates “Alamkara (12): Arthantaranyasa or corroboration” as it appears in the case study regarding the Srikanthacarita and the Mankhakosa. The Shrikanthacarita was composed by Mankhaka, sometimes during A.D. 1136-1142. The Mankhakosa or the Anekarthakosa is a kosa text of homonymous words, composed by the same author.

Part 5l - Alaṃkāra (12): Arthāntaranyāsa or corroboration

When a general proposition is strengthened by a particular or a particular by a general one and when an effect is justified by a cause or vice-versa, either under a similarity or a contrast, there is Arthāntaranyāsa or corroboration, which is thus eight-fold.[1] As for example- sadaiva satsaṅgamasaṃmukho’pi[2]…..., nigūḍhasaujanyabhṛto’pi[3] …….. In the verse, devaḥ so’tha tribhuvanagururvaikṛtaṃ[4] ……, it has been stated that Lord Śiva takes the violent form to make the three worlds free from sin, there is nothing incongruous in it, but as and when His duty has been done, He returns to His naturally sweet and charming form. This has been supported by the latter part of the verse that a good person acts forged wrath to obstruct an evil person and as his purpose is fulfilled, he again comes back to his normal sweet nature. Therefore, herein there is the figure Arthāntaranyāsa illustrated.

Footnotes and references:


sāmānyaṃ vā viśeṣeṇa viśeṣastena vā yadi/
kāryaṃ ca kāraṇenedaṃ kāryeṇa ca samarthyate/
sādharmyeṇetareṇārthāntaranyāso’ṣṭadhā tataḥ// Sāhityadarpaṇa., X. 61


Śrīkaṇṭhacarita., II. 3


Ibid., II. 20


devaḥ so’tha tribhuvanagururvaikṛtaṃ ghoraghoraṃ tatsaṅjahne trijagadagadaṃkāracāritramudraḥ/
santo naisargikamadhurimopoḍhavārtāmuhūrtaṃ nanvāhāryāṃ khalanikṛtaye vikriyāmādriyante// Ibid., XXIV. 38

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