Arabhati, Ārabhati, Ārabhaṭī: 8 definitions


Arabhati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Aarbhati.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Ārabhaṭī (आरभटी, “energetic style”) is the Sanskrit name for one of the four styles (vṛtti) of dramatic performance (prayoga). According to Nāṭyaśāstra 1.41-43, the four styles were originally prepared by Bharata and presented to Brahmā (who created the Nāṭyaveda from the four Vedas). The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 22, there are four varieties of the energetic style:

  1. saṃkṣiptaka (compression),
  2. avapāta (commotion),
  3. vastūtthāpana (elevation of the plot),
  4. saṃpheṭa (conflict).
Source: Natya Shastra

One of the Four Styles (vṛtti) of dramatic production (nāṭya).—Ārabhaṭī (the Energetic)—The Style which includes the presentation of a bold person speaking many words, practising deception, falsehood and bragging and of falling down, jumping, crossing over, doing deeds of magic and conjuration etc, is called the Energetic one. This is applicable to the Terrible, the Odious and the Furious Sentiments (Nāṭyaśāstra XXII. 55ff).

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Ārabhaṭī (आरभटी) or Ārabhaṭīvṛtti refers to one of the four Dramatic styles (vṛtti) in Indian Dramas, according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—There are four kinds of vṛttis (dramatic styles) accepted in the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa. According to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, sāttvatī-vṛtti mainly displays vīrarasa and ārabhaṭī-vṛtti exhibits raudrarasa. The Sāhityadarpaṇa agrees on it. Abhinavagupta states that sāttvatī-vṛtti is the action of mind and ārabhaṭī-vṛtti is the action of body.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Arabhati in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ārabhati : (ā + rabh + a) 1. begins; starts; 2. kills; tortures.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Ārabhati, 2 & Ārabbhati (ā + rabhati, Sk. ārabhati & ārambhati, ā + rabh) to begin, start, undertake, attempt S. I, 156 (ārabbhatha “bestir yourselves”) = Miln. 245 = Th. 1, 256 (bh.); Pug. 64 (bh.); viriyaṃ ārabhati to make an effort, to exert oneself (cp. ārambha) A. IV, 334. ‹-› aor. ārabhi DhA. II, 38 & ārabbhi PvA. 35.—ger. ārabbha, see sep.—pp. āraddha (q. v.). (Page 107)

2) Ārabhati, 1 (not with Morris J. P. T. S. 1889, 202 fr. rabh and identical with ārabhati2, but with Kern, Toev. s. v. identical with Sk. ālabhate, ā + labh meaning to seize the sacrificial animal in order to kill it; cp. nirārambha) to kill, destroy M. I, 371 (pāṇaṃ). (Page 107)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ārabhaṭī (आरभटी):—[=ā-rabhaṭī] [from ā-rabhaṭa > ā-rabh] f. boldness, confidence, heroism, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

2) [v.s. ...] (in [dramatic language]) the representation of supernatural and horrible events on the stage.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Arabhati in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ārabhaṭī (आरभटी) [Also spelled aarbhati]:—(nf) sense of adventure.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ārabhaṭi (ಆರಭಟಿ):—[noun] (rhet. & dance.) the classical or vehement way of expounding or presenting on the stage, a few sentiments such as wrath or furiousness, fear, etc.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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