Apakarsha, aka: Apakarṣa; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Apakarsha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Apakarṣa can be transliterated into English as Apakarsa or Apakarsha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Apakarsha in Vyakarana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Apakarṣa (अपकर्ष).—One of the six devices which form the requisite qualifications of Sanskrit grammar;—Apakarṣa is another form of anuvṛtti which consists in the extension of some word ord words from a sūtra to the preceding sūtra or sūtras. This technical device is not found in the uṇādi-sūtras.

Source: archive.org: Uṇādi-Sūtras In The Sanskrit Grammatical Tradition

1) Apakarṣa (अपकर्ष).—Deterioration of the place or instrument of the production of sound resulting in the fault called निरस्त (nirasta); cf. स्थानकरणयेरपकर्षेण निरस्तं नाम दोष उत्पद्यते (sthānakaraṇayerapakarṣeṇa nirastaṃ nāma doṣa utpadyate), R. Pr. XIV.2;

2) Apakarṣa.—Drawing back a word or words from a succeeding rule of grammar to the preceding one; cf. "वक्ष्यति तस्यायं पुरस्तादपकर्षः (vakṣyati tasyāyaṃ purastādapakarṣaḥ), M. Bh. on II.2.8.

3) Apakarṣa.—Inferiority (in the case of qualities) न च द्रव्यस्य प्रकर्षापकर्षौ स्तः । (na ca dravyasya prakarṣāpakarṣau staḥ |)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Apakarsha in Marathi glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

apakarṣa (अपकर्ष).—m (S) apakarṣaṇa n S Drawing down or back. 2 fig. Detraction or traducing; depreciation or deterioration; degrading or dishonoring: also decline, descent, change to a worse or lower state. 3 Anticipated performance of a duty; performance at a period anterior to that for which it is prescribed. 4 (In poetry &c.) Anticipation of some word occurring onwards, and application of it to complete the sense of some particular verse or line.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

apakarṣa (अपकर्ष).—mkarṣaṇa n Detraction, deterioration, diminution, decline, descent. Dishon- our, degradation. Anticipation of a word occurring later on.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Apakarsha in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Apakarṣa (अपकर्ष).—(a)

1) Drawing off or down; diminution, decrease, reduction; मदोऽपकर्षात् (mado'pakarṣāt) Dk.16; loss, decay, decline, destruction; तेजोऽपकर्षः (tejo'pakarṣaḥ) Ve.1; deterioration, inferiority; उत्कर्षापकर्षविहीनो मध्यः (utkarṣāpakarṣavihīno madhyaḥ) Sk. (b) Dishonour, degradation, lowering (of esteem), infamy, disgrace (opp. utkarṣa in all senses); तपोबीजप्रभावैस्तु ते गच्छन्ति युगे युगे । उत्कर्षं चापकर्षं च मनुष्येष्विह जन्मतः (tapobījaprabhāvaistu te gacchanti yuge yuge | utkarṣaṃ cāpakarṣaṃ ca manuṣyeṣviha janmataḥ) || Ms.1.42; मूल्यो- त्कर्ष° (mūlyo- tkarṣa°) rise and fall in price, increase and decrease.

2) Anticipated performance of a duty, as of a Śrāddha, anticipation (of some detail or details at a vikṛtiyāga), i. e. performing them at an earlier stage. (see utkarṣa).

3) Anticipation of a word occurring later on (in gram., poetry or Mīmāṃsā &c.).

Derivable forms: apakarṣaḥ (अपकर्षः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Anuvritti
Anuvṛtti (अनुवृत्ति).—f.1) Assenting to, approval; तवानुवृत्तिं न च कर्तुमुत्सहे (tavānuvṛttiṃ ...
Purastat
Purastāt (पुरस्तात्).—ind.1) Before, in front of (oft. with gen. or abl.); गुरोरपीदं धनमाहिताग्...
Anukarsha
Anukarṣa (अनुकर्ष).—1) Dragging after, drawing along; attraction in general.2) Summoning or inv...
Tadaditadantanyaya
Tadāditadantanyāya (तदादितदन्तन्याय).—The rule according to which when an उत्कर्ष (utkarṣa) of ...
Apakarshanem
apakarṣaṇēṃ (अपकर्षणें).—v c (apakarṣa) To anticipate (a duty); to perform it at a period anter...
Pratikarsha
Pratikarṣa (प्रतिकर्ष).—1) Aggregation, drawing together.2) Anticipation (of a word) occurring ...
Simhavalokitanyaya
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Yupakarmanyaya
Yūpakarmanyāya (यूपकर्मन्याय).—the rule according to which the उत्कर्ष (utkarṣa) or अपकर्ष (apa...
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sadyaḥpakṣa (सद्यःपक्ष).—m (sadyaḥ Now, pakṣa Side, class, part, alternative. ) The rule of doi...

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