Apakarsha, Apakarṣa: 15 definitions



Apakarsha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Apakarṣa can be transliterated into English as Apakarsa or Apakarsha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Apkarsh.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: archive.org: Uṇādi-Sūtras In The Sanskrit Grammatical Tradition

Apakarṣa (अपकर्ष).—One of the six devices which form the requisite qualifications of Sanskrit grammar;—Apakarṣa is another form of anuvṛtti which consists in the extension of some word ord words from a sūtra to the preceding sūtra or sūtras. This technical device is not found in the uṇādi-sūtras.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Apakarṣa (अपकर्ष).—Deterioration of the place or instrument of the production of sound resulting in the fault called निरस्त (nirasta); cf. स्थानकरणयेरपकर्षेण निरस्तं नाम दोष उत्पद्यते (sthānakaraṇayerapakarṣeṇa nirastaṃ nāma doṣa utpadyate), R. Pr. XIV.2;

2) Apakarṣa.—Drawing back a word or words from a succeeding rule of grammar to the preceding one; cf. "वक्ष्यति तस्यायं पुरस्तादपकर्षः (vakṣyati tasyāyaṃ purastādapakarṣaḥ), M. Bh. on II.2.8.

3) Apakarṣa.—Inferiority (in the case of qualities) न च द्रव्यस्य प्रकर्षापकर्षौ स्तः । (na ca dravyasya prakarṣāpakarṣau staḥ |)

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Apakarsha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

apakarṣa (अपकर्ष).—m (S) apakarṣaṇa n S Drawing down or back. 2 fig. Detraction or traducing; depreciation or deterioration; degrading or dishonoring: also decline, descent, change to a worse or lower state. 3 Anticipated performance of a duty; performance at a period anterior to that for which it is prescribed. 4 (In poetry &c.) Anticipation of some word occurring onwards, and application of it to complete the sense of some particular verse or line.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

apakarṣa (अपकर्ष).—mkarṣaṇa n Detraction, deterioration, diminution, decline, descent. Dishon- our, degradation. Anticipation of a word occurring later on.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Apakarsha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Apakarṣa (अपकर्ष).—(a)

1) Drawing off or down; diminution, decrease, reduction; मदोऽपकर्षात् (mado'pakarṣāt) Dk.16; loss, decay, decline, destruction; तेजोऽपकर्षः (tejo'pakarṣaḥ) Ve.1; deterioration, inferiority; उत्कर्षापकर्षविहीनो मध्यः (utkarṣāpakarṣavihīno madhyaḥ) Sk. (b) Dishonour, degradation, lowering (of esteem), infamy, disgrace (opp. utkarṣa in all senses); तपोबीजप्रभावैस्तु ते गच्छन्ति युगे युगे । उत्कर्षं चापकर्षं च मनुष्येष्विह जन्मतः (tapobījaprabhāvaistu te gacchanti yuge yuge | utkarṣaṃ cāpakarṣaṃ ca manuṣyeṣviha janmataḥ) || Ms.1.42; मूल्यो- त्कर्ष° (mūlyo- tkarṣa°) rise and fall in price, increase and decrease.

2) Anticipated performance of a duty, as of a Śrāddha, anticipation (of some detail or details at a vikṛtiyāga), i. e. performing them at an earlier stage. (see utkarṣa).

3) Anticipation of a word occurring later on (in gram., poetry or Mīmāṃsā &c.).

Derivable forms: apakarṣaḥ (अपकर्षः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Apakarṣa (अपकर्ष).—in mūlāpa°, see mūla.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apakarṣa (अपकर्ष).—m.

(-rṣaḥ) 1. Pulling down, bringing low, lowering, depressing. 2. Inferiority, infamy, degradation. So apakarṣaṇa n.

(-ṇaṃ) E. apa before, kṛṣa to attrack, ghañ or lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apakarṣa (अपकर्ष).—i. e. apa-kṛṣ + a, m. 1. Deterioration. 2. Sinking, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 42.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apakarṣa (अपकर्ष).—[masculine] drawing away, taking off, diminution, deterioration; anticipation (ph.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Apakarṣa (अपकर्ष):—[=apa-karṣa] [from apa-kṛṣ] m. drawing or dragging off or down, detraction, diminution, decay

2) [v.s. ...] lowering, depression

3) [v.s. ...] decline, inferiority, infamy

4) [v.s. ...] anticipation, [Nyāyamālā-vistara]

5) [v.s. ...] (in poetry) anticipation of a word occurring later.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Apakarṣa (अपकर्ष):—(von karṣ mit apa) m. Abzug, Mangel, Abnahme, Verschlechterung, ein niedriger oder schlechter Standpunkt (Gegens. utkarṣa) [Suśruta 1, 169, 16. 274, 16.] tapovījaprabhāvaistu te (putrāḥ) gacchanti yuge yuge . utkarṣaṃ cāpakarṣaṃ ca manuṣyeṣviha janmataḥ (in Bezug auf die Geburt) .. [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 10, 42.] mūlyotkarṣāpakarṣa (zur Erkl. von arghabalābala) [Kullūka] zu [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 9, 329.] madhyo mīmāṃsakaḥ . utkarṣāpakarṣahīna ityarthaḥ [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 3, 9,] [Scholiast] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 7, 77.]

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Apakarṣa (अपकर्ष):—, guṇāpakarṣa das Abziehen —, Abnehmen der Bogensehne und zugleich Abnahme von —, Mangel an Vorzügen [Kathāsaritsāgara 97, 6.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Apakarṣa (अपकर्ष):—m.

1) Abzug , Abnahme (z.B. der Bogensehne). —

2) Abnahme (Gegens. Zunahme) , Schmälerung , Verminderung , Verschlechterung.

3) Aufhebung , Ungültigmachung [Mahābhāṣya 3,113] a. —

4) das Vorgreifen , Anticipation [Jaiminiyanyāyamālāvistara 5,1,23.27,31.] [Böhtlingk’s Sanskrit-Chresthomathie 232,3.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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