Apadana, aka: Apadāna, Āpādana; 8 Definition(s)


Apadana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Apādāna (अपादान).—Detachment, separation, ablation technical term for अपादानकारक (apādānakāraka) which is defined as ध्रुवमपायेऽपादानम् (dhruvamapāye'pādānam) in P.I.4.24 and subsequent rules 25 to 3l and which is put in the ablative case; cf. अपादाने पञ्चमी (apādāne pañcamī) P. II.3.28.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

The thirteenth division of the Khuddaka Nikaya. It is a Buddhist Vitae Sanctorum and contains 547 biographies of monks and forty biographies of nuns, all mentioned as having lived in the time of the Buddha. The Cy. gives details of eleven more theras not found in the text: Yasa, Nadikassapa, Gayakassapa, Kimbila, Vajjiputta, Uttara, Apara Uttara, Bhaddaji, Sivika, Upavana and Ralthapala.

In addition to these, there are two introductory chapters, the Buddha padana and the Paccekabuddha padana, dealing with the Buddha and the Pacceka Buddhas respectively. It is worth noting that the Buddha padana contains no account of the Buddhas life, either as Gotama or earlier, as Bodhisatta (see, however, Pubbakammapiloti). Nor does the Paccekabuddha padana contain any life histories. The stanzas are what might be more appropriately described as udana, and appear in the Khaggavisana Sutta of the Sutta Nipata. Cp. the Mahapadana Sutta (D.ii.1ff), where the word Apadana is used as meaning the legend or life story of a Buddha or a Great One - in this case the seven Buddhas. Or does Mahapadana mean the Great Story, i.e. the story of the Dhamma and its bearers and promulgation: cp. the title of the Mahavastu (Dial.ii.3).

Most of the stories are found in the Paramatthadipani, the Commentary to the Thera- and Therigatha, extracted from the Apadana with the introductory words, tena vuttam Apadane. But in numerous instances the names under which the verses appear in the Paramatthadipani differ from those subjoined to the verses in the Apadana. In several cases it is a matter of the Commentary giving a name while the Apadana gives only a title. E.g., Usabha Thera (ThagA.i.320), called Kosumbaphaliya (Ap.ii.449); and Isidinna (ThagA.i.312), called (Ap.ii.415) Sumanavijaniya.

Sometimes the stories are duplicated in the Apadana itself, the same story occurring in two places with a very slight alteration in words, even the name of the person spoken of being the same. Most often no reason can be assigned for this, except, perhaps, careless editing. E.g., Annasamsavaka i Ap.i.78 and again i.261; see also the Introduction to the P.T.S. Edition.

The Apadana is regarded as one of the very latest books in the Canon, one reason for this view being that while later books like the Buddhavamsa mention only twenty four Buddhas previous to Gotama, the Apadana contains the names of thirty five. It is very probable that the different legends in the collection are of different dates. On these and other matters connected with the Apadana, see Rhys Davids article in ERE. and Mullers Les Apadanas du Sud (Congress of Orientalists, Leyden, 1895).

According to the Sumangala Vilasini (i.15. See also Przyluski: La Legende de lEmpereur Acoka, pp. viii f., 214), the Dighabhanakas,

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Apadāna.—cf. dharm-āpadāna (CII 1); a noble deed. Note: apadāna is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Apadana in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

apadāna : (nt.) life history; legend. || apādāna (nt.), separation; the ablative.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Apadāna, (nt.) 1. (= Sk. apadāna) removing, breaking off, D.III, 88. — 2. (= Sk. avadāna cp. ovāda) advice, admonition, instruction, morals Vin.II, 4 (an° not taking advice), 7 (id.) M.I, 96; A.V, 337 sq. (saddhā°) Th.1, 47. — 3. legend, life history. In the title Mahāpadāna suttanta it refers to the 7 Buddhas. In the title Apadānaṃ, that is “the stories” , it refers almost exclusively to Arahants. The other, (older), connotation seems to have afterwards died out. See Dialogues II.3. — Cp. also pariyāpadāna. (Page 51)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Apadana in Marathi glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

apādāna (अपादान).—n S Removal or ablation, the sense of the ablative case. 2 A noun in the ablative case.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

apādāna (अपादान).—n Removal or ablation, the sense of the ablative case.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Apadāna (अपदान).—[apadāyati pariśudhyati yena karmaṇā, dai karaṇe lyuṭ]

1) Pure conduct, approved course of life; (pariśu- ddhācaraṇam).

2) A great or noble work, excellent work दृष्टापदाना विक्रान्तास्त्वया सत्कृत्य मानिताः (dṛṣṭāpadānā vikrāntāstvayā satkṛtya mānitāḥ) Rām.2.1.31. (perhaps for avadānam q. v.).

3) A work well or completely done, an accomplished work; कथितेषु जनैरमुष्य राजन् अपदानेषु विशिष्य कौतुकं नः (kathiteṣu janairamuṣya rājan apadāneṣu viśiṣya kautukaṃ naḥ) Rām. ch.2.18.

4) A legend treating of former and future births of men and exhibiting the consequences of their good and evil actions.

Derivable forms: apadānam (अपदानम्).

See also (synonyms): apadānaka.

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Apādāna (अपादान).—

1) Taking away, removal; ablation; a thing from which another is removed.

2) (in gram.) The sense of the ablative case; ध्रुवमपायेऽपादानम् (dhruvamapāye'pādānam) P.I.4.24; अपादाने पञ्चमी (apādāne pañcamī) II.3.28; अपाये यदुदासीनं चलं वा यदि वाऽचलम् । ध्रुवमेव तदावेशात्तदपादानमुच्यते (apāye yadudāsīnaṃ calaṃ vā yadi vā'calam | dhruvameva tadāveśāttadapādānamucyate) || Hari.; अपादान (apādāna) is of three kinds:निर्दिष्टविषयं किंचिदुपात्तविषयं तथा । अपेक्षितक्रियं चेति त्रिधापादानमिष्यते (nirdiṣṭaviṣayaṃ kiṃcidupāttaviṣayaṃ tathā | apekṣitakriyaṃ ceti tridhāpādānamiṣyate) || e. g. वृक्षात् पत्रं पतति, मेघाद्विद्योतते विद्युत् (vṛkṣāt patraṃ patati, meghādvidyotate vidyut), & कुतो भवान् (kuto bhavān).

Derivable forms: apādānam (अपादानम्).

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Āpādana (आपादन).—1 Causing to arrive at, leading or contributing to, bringing about; tending to; द्रव्यस्य संख्या- न्तरापादने (dravyasya saṃkhyā- ntarāpādane) Sk.

Derivable forms: āpādanam (आपादनम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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