Anvaya, Anvāya: 23 definitions


Anvaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Anvay.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Anvaya (अन्वय) refers to a “lineage” (i.e., particular line of transmission), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—A common synonym of the name Paścimāmnāya, it is the ‘root tradition’ (mūlānvaya) of which the individual lineages (oli) and currents of transmission (ogha) are developments. It is the ‘lineage of Siddhas’ (siddhānvaya) which, as the whole tradition, is at once the path of the accomplished (siddhamārga) and that of accomplishment (siddhimārga). The word ‘anvaya’ may also denote a particular line of transmission or ‘lineage of Siddhas’ (siddhānvaya) or ‘the lineage of a sacred seat’ (pīṭhānvaya).

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study

Anvaya (अन्वय).—Concomitance; the positive relation of smoke with fire can be termed as anvaya.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Anvaya (अन्वय).—Construing, construction: arrangement of words according to their mutual relationship based upon the sense conveyed by them, शब्दानां परस्परमर्थानुगमनम् । (śabdānāṃ parasparamarthānugamanam |)

2) Anvaya.—Continuance, continuation;cf. घृतघटतैलवट इति (ghṛtaghaṭatailavaṭa iti) ; निषिक्ते घृते तैले वा अन्वयाद्विशेषणं भवति अयं घृतघटः, अयं तैलघट इति (niṣikte ghṛte taile vā anvayādviśeṣaṇaṃ bhavati ayaṃ ghṛtaghaṭaḥ, ayaṃ tailaghaṭa iti) M. Bh. on P.II. 1.1.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Nirukta (Sanskrit etymology)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram (etymology)

Anvaya (अन्वय) refers to a “descendence, race, lineage, or family”.—The word anvaya is derived from root √i and the prefix ‘anu’ in the sense of “to go after or alongside, to follow; to seek; to be guided by; to fall to one’s share”.—The greater semantic spread of the word anvaya with more implicit meanings than santāna, explains why it is more commonly found in the Tantras than the latter to denote the lineages of teachers and the teachings.

context information

Nirukta (निरुक्त) or “etymology” refers to the linguistic analysis of the Sanskrit language. This branch studies the interpretation of common and ancient words and explains them in their proper context. Nirukta is one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Ashtanga Yoga: Yoga Sutrani Patanjali

anvaya = sequence; all-pervasive

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Anvaya (अन्वय) or Anvayajñāna refers to the “knowledge of conformity” and represents one of the “ten knowledges” (jñāna) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 93). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., anvaya). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Anvaya.—(EI 33; SII 1), a [spiritual] race; a Jain sect. Note: anvaya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

anvaya : (m.) course; conformity; tradition. || anvāya (abs. of ?), having undergone, experienced, or attained.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Anvāya, (ger. of anveti; cp. anvaya) undergoing, experiencing, attaining; as prep. (c. Acc.) in consequence of, through, after D.I, 13 (ātappaṃ by means of self-sacrifice), 97 (saṃvāsaṃ as a result of their cohabitation); J.I, 56 (buddhiṃ), 127 (piyasaṃvāsaṃ), 148 (gabbhaparipākaṃ). Often in phrase vuddhiṃ anvāya growing up, e. g. J.I, 278; III, 126; DhA.II, 87. (Page 49)

— or —

Anvaya, (n.-adj.) (Vedic anvaya in diff. meaning; fr. anu + i, see anveti & anvāya) 1. (n.) conformity, accordance D.II, 83 = III, 100; M.I, 69 (dhamm° logical conclusion of); S.II, 58; D.III, 226 (anvaye ñāṇaṃ); Pv.II, 113 (tassa kammassa anvāya, v. l. BB anvaya & anvāya; accordingly, according to = paccayā PvA.147); PvA.228 (anvayato, adv. in accordance). — 2. (adj.) following, having the same course, behaving according to, consequential, in conformity with (-°) D.I, 46 (tad°); M.I, 238 (kāyo citt° acting in conformity to the mind, obeying the mind); Sn.254 (an° inconsistent); It.79 (tass°). — dur° spelt durannaya conforming with difficulty, hard to manage or to find out Dh.92 (gati = na sakkā paññāpetuṃ DhA.II, 173); Sn.243, 251 (= duviññāpaya SnA 287 dunneyya ibid. 293). (Page 49)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

anvaya (अन्वय).—m (S) Holding with; linkedness unto; amicable or influential connection or concern with. Ex. anta:karaṇācē anvayāvāñcūna sakala indriyēṃ viṣayagra- haṇāviṣayīṃ jaḍaprāya āhēta; jitakyā candrakalāṃvara sūrya- kiraṇācā a0 hōtō titakyā kalā prakāśamāna disa- tāta; ātmā manīṃ phiratasē vyatirēkarītīṃ || tō anvayēṃ ja- ḍaci niścaya hā kariti || 2 Grammatical relation or agreement (as of verb with its subject or object, of adjective with noun). 3 Syntactical order or connection; the natural order or construction, as opp. to the inversion and involution of poetical style. 4 Logical order, consecution, or consequence. 5 Drift, tenor, bearing, leaning, strain, purport. 6 S Race, lineage, succession. anyayamukhēṃ In the manner, mode, or form of Positiveness, i.e. connection affirmative, absolute, or direct: opp. to vyatirēkamukhēṃ. Ex. jaḍapaṭa vyatirēka- mukhēṃ hari || tadapi anvaya dāvuni dē hari ||

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

anvaya (अन्वय).—m Connection. Grammatical rela- tion or agreement; the construing of a poetical piece, construction. Drift, tenor.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anvaya (अन्वय).—See under अन्वि (anvi).

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Anvaya (अन्वय).—[i kartari bhāve vā ac]

1) Going after, following; follower, retinue, attendants; का त्वमेकाकिनी भीरु निरन्वयजने वने (kā tvamekākinī bhīru niranvayajane vane) Bhaṭṭikāvya 5.66.

2) Association, connection, relation; गन्धः कटुकान्वयः (gandhaḥ kaṭukānvayaḥ) = कटुकान्वितः (kaṭukānvitaḥ).

3) The natural order or connection of words in a sentence, construing grammatical order or relation; पदानां परस्पराकाङ्क्षा योग्यता च (padānāṃ parasparākāṅkṣā yogyatā ca), or शब्दानां परस्परमर्थानुगमनम् (śabdānāṃ parasparamarthānugamanam); तात्पर्याख्यां वृत्तिमाहुः पदार्थान्वय- बोधने (tātparyākhyāṃ vṛttimāhuḥ padārthānvaya- bodhane) S. D.; logical connection of words, अत्र (atra) (in the ex. tiṣṭhatu sarpiḥ) सर्पिःशब्दस्य स्थितिक्रियायामन्वयः (sarpiḥśabdasya sthitikriyāyāmanvayaḥ) P. VIII.3.44 Sk; परस्परनिरपेक्षस्यानेकस्य एकस्मिन्नन्वयः समुच्चयः (parasparanirapekṣasyānekasya ekasminnanvayaḥ samuccayaḥ) P.II.2.29 Sk.

4) Drift, tenor, purport.

5) Race, family, lineage; रघूणामन्वयं वक्ष्ये (raghūṇāmanvayaṃ vakṣye) R.1.9,12;3.27;12. 33; अन्वयगुणः (anvayaguṇaḥ) Mv.4.22 virtue of my race.

6) Descendants, posterity; ताभ्य ऋते अन्वयः (tābhya ṛte anvayaḥ) Y.2.117; स° (sa°) along with the family or descendants; Manusmṛti 2.168; जातस्तु गण्यते सोऽत्र यः स्फुरत्यन्वयाधिकम् (jātastu gaṇyate so'tra yaḥ sphuratyanvayādhikam) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.27.

7) Logical connection of cause and effect, logical continuance; जन्माद्यस्य यतोऽन्वयादितरतः (janmādyasya yato'nvayāditarataḥ) Bhāgavata 1.1.1.

8) Being seen (pratyakṣa); स्यात्साहसं त्वन्वयवत् प्रसभं कर्म यत्कृतम् । निरन्वयं भवेत्स्तेयम् (syātsāhasaṃ tvanvayavat prasabhaṃ karma yatkṛtam | niranvayaṃ bhavetsteyam)... Manusmṛti 8.332.

9) (In Nyāya) Statement of the constant and invariable concomitance of the हेतु (hetu) (middle term) and the साध्य (sādhya) (major term) of an Indian syllogism (hetusādhyayorvyāptiranvayaḥ). In the familiar instance पर्वतो वह्निमान् धूमवत्त्वात् (parvato vahnimān dhūmavattvāt) the relation यत्र यत्र धूमस्तत्र तत्र वह्निः (yatra yatra dhūmastatra tatra vahniḥ) (wherever there is smoke there is fire) is called अन्वय (anvaya) or अन्वयव्याप्ति (anvayavyāpti). अन्वय (anvaya), in fact, corresponds to the universal A proposition of European logic 'All A is B.' The 'व्यतिरेकव्याप्ति (vyatirekavyāpti)' means an assertion of the concomitance of the absence of साध्य (sādhya) and the absence of हेतु (hetu) (tadabhāvayoḥ hetvabhāvasādhyābhāvayoḥ vyāptiḥ) and corresponds to the converted A proposition 'All not-B is not-A'; or in Sanskrit यत्र यत्र वह्निर्नास्ति तत्र तत्र धूमोऽपि नास्ति (yatra yatra vahnirnāsti tatra tatra dhūmo'pi nāsti); and a cause or हेतु (hetu) is said to be connected with its effect by अन्वयव्यतिरेकव्याप्ति (anvayavyatirekavyāpti) when both the affirmative and negative relations between the thing to be proved and the cause that proves can be equally asserted; such a Hetu alone makes the argument perfectly sound and incapable of refutation. This process of arriving at the Vyāpti or universal proposition corresponds to the methods of Agreement and Difference in Mill's Logic; साध्ये निश्चितमन्वयेन घटितम् (sādhye niścitamanvayena ghaṭitam) Mu.5.1.

-Com. -āgata a. hereditary; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1,3; °तं वैरम् (taṃ vairam) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 3.

-jñaḥ a genealogist; अथ स्तुते बन्दिभिरन्वयज्ञैः (atha stute bandibhiranvayajñaiḥ) R.6.8.

-vyatirekakau or °kam)

1) positive and negative assertion; agreement and contrariety or difference; see above.

2) rule and exception.

-vyāptiḥ f. affirmative assertion or agreement, affirmative universal.

Derivable forms: anvayaḥ (अन्वयः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anvaya (अन्वय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. Race, lineage, succession. 2. Connexion, acquaintance, intercourse. 3. the natural order or connexion of words in a sentence or stanza. 4. The logical connexion of cause and effect, or proposition and conclusion. E. anu after, iṇ to go, and ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anvaya (अन्वय).—i. e. anu-i + a, m 1. Following. 2. Connection. 3. The affirmative connection between the major and middle terms, Bhāṣāp. 141. 4. Male descendants, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 117. 5. Lineage, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 9. Race, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 151. Family, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 41. 6. Succession, inheritance in anvayāgata, Inherited, [Pañcatantra] 16, 11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anvaya (अन्वय).—[masculine] posterity, race, family; connexion, relation; vat [adverb] before one’s eyes, openly (lit. in connexion with).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Anvaya (अन्वय):—[=anv-aya] a m. (√i See anv-√i), following, succession

2) [v.s. ...] connection, association, being linked to or concerned with

3) [v.s. ...] the natural order or connection of words in a sentence, syntax, construing

4) [v.s. ...] logical connection of words

5) [v.s. ...] logical connection of cause and effect, or proposition and conclusion

6) [v.s. ...] drift, tenor, purport

7) [v.s. ...] descendants, race, lineage, family.

8) [=anv-aya] [from anv-i] b See p. 46, col. 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anvaya (अन्वय):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-yaḥ) 1) Connexion, association; e. g. digvyāpinīrlocanalobhanīyā mṛjānvayāḥ snehamiva sravantīḥ . ṛjvāyatāḥ śasyāviśeṣapaṅktīstutoṣa paśyanvitṛṇāntarālāḥ (comm. mṛjā śuddhiḥ…tayā anvayonugamo yāsāṃ śuddhyanugatā ityarthaḥ).

2) Retinue, attendance; e. g. kā tvamekākinī bhīru niranvayajane vane (comm. niranvayā niranugamā janā yasminvane).

3) Family, race, lineage (in general); e. g. anvayādivibhinnānāṃ yathā sakhyamanīpsitam &c. Comp. anvavāya.

4) The male descendants (in contradistinction from the female succession); e. g. māturduhitaraḥ śeṣamṛṇāttābhya ṛtenvayaḥ (scil. vibhajerannṛktham; comm. anvayaḥ putrādiḥ, or accord. to another comm. anvayapadena putrāṇāmadhikāraḥ). [5a.]) Logical connexion (esp. of words); e. g. arpaṇaṃ svasya vākyārthe parasyānvayasiddhaye . upalakṣaṇahetutvādeṣā lakṣaṇalakṣaṇā; also with a noun in the instrum.; e. g. śaṅkāṃ mā kṛthā iti pūrveṇānvayaḥ (the words of the verse Bhaṭṭik. 1. 22. being logically connected with śaṅkāṃ &c. of the preceding verse); more seldom with a word in the locative, e. g. in a comm. on the Vedānta Sūtra ‘vākyānvayāt’ which is explained: etāvadare khalvamṛtatvam . ityupasaṃhāreṇāsya vākyasya brahmaṇyanvayāt. [b.]) Grammatical connexion of the words in a sentence, grammatical construction of a sentence; in this sense very frequently used in the commentaries, in the same manner as saṃbandha. Sometimes the two latter meanings will coincide, e. g. (in a Mīmāṃsā-discussion on the question: whether the bearing of a passage is conveyed by the words of a sentence or not, when the wrong thesis, that it is not, is thus refuted:) maivam . anvaye śeṣaśeṣibhāvasyāntarbhāvāt . na hi guṇapradhānabhāvamantareṇānvayaḥ saṃbhavati . dvayorguṇayoḥ parasparākāṅkṣārahitatvenānvayayogyatvābhāvāt . evaṃ dvayoḥ pradhānayorapi . ato vyutpattisaṃbhavātkriyākārakatadanvayo yathā śābdaḥ . tathā tadanvayāntargataḥ śeṣaśeṣibhāvopi śābdaḥ ..

6) (In Philosophy, esp. in the Nyāya and Vaiśeṣika, and in scientific language in general.) [a.]) Logical consequence; e. g. in a comm. on a Yoga Sūtra na hi kvacidapi kleśānāṃ viparyayānvayanirapekṣarūpāṇāṃ svarūpamupalabhyate; or in the Yoga Sūtra: sthūlasvarūpasūkṣmānvayārthavattvasaṃyamādbhūtajayaḥ, where the word anvaya is explained: khyātikriyāsthitiśīlāguṇāḥ kāryasvabhāvānupātino anvayaśabdenoktāḥ; or in another Yoga Sūtra: grahaṇasvarūpāsmitānvayārthavattvasaṃyamādindriyajayaḥ, where it has the same meaning. [b.]) Logical continuance; in this sense the word is opposed to vyatireka ‘logical discontinuance’ and occurs, for the most part, either combined with the latter to a Dwandwa (see also anvayavyatireka), or in reference to it. Again the general notion of ‘logical continuance and discontinuance’ becomes modified [aa.]) when applied to the notion of genus, into to the notion of species and variety; e. g. in a Mīmāṃsā discussion: nanvānantyavyabhicārābhyāṃ na vyaktau vyutpattiḥ saṃbhavati . anantā hi govyaktayaḥ… . śuklavyaktau vyutpanno gośabdaḥ kṛṣṇavyaktau prayujyamānaḥ svārthaṃ vyabhicaret…iti prāpte brūmaḥ . anvayavyatirekābhyāmākṛteḥ śaktigrahaṇanimittatvācchabdārthatvaṃ tasyā evocitam .; or: anvayavyatirekābhyāṃ jātivācitvāt; [bb.]) when applied to the notion of subject and predicate or to syllogizing in general, this term expresses congruity and disparity, consecutiveness and exception (deviation), or affirmation and negation; e. g. kāvyasvarūpatvenābhimatayoḥ śabdārthayoḥ raso sti na vā . nāsti cet . guṇavattvamapi nāsti . guṇānāṃ tadanvayavyatirekānuvidhāyitvāt . (also in this sense in a verse of the Rājataraṅgiṇī: svadeśoyaṃ videśoyamiti buddheḥ pravartakaḥ anvayavyatirekābhyāṃ sthityabhyāsaḥ śarīriṇām; or of the Bhāgav. Purāṇa: etāvadeva jijñāsyaṃ tattvajijñāsunātmanaḥ . anvayavyatirekābhyāṃ yatsyātsarvatra sarvadā); and comp. kevalānvayin, kevalavyatirekin, anvayavyatirekin, anvayavyāpti, vyatirekavyāpti. [cc.]) when applied to the notion of law, it expresses rule and exception, or positive and negative clause; e. g. anyodaryaḥ…saṃsṛṣṭī dhanaṃ harenna punaranyodaryo dhanaṃ haredasaṃsṛṣṭī . anenānvayavyatirekābhyāmanyodaryasya saṃsṛṣṭitvaṃ dhanagrahaṇe kāraṇamuktam.—E. i (iṇ) with anu, kṛt aff. ac.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anvaya (अन्वय):—[anva+ya] (yaḥ) 1. m. Race; connection; order of words, or of cause and effect.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Anvaya (अन्वय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Annaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Anvaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Anvaya (अन्वय) [Also spelled anvay]:—(nm) the natural order or sequence of words in a sentence; logical syntactical concordance of words in a sentence; logical connection of cause and effect or proposition and conclusion; lineage; hence ~[] (a).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Anvaya (ಅನ್ವಯ):—

1) [noun] all those claiming descent from a common ancestor; tribe or clan; lineage; family.

2) [noun] a division of Jaina society.

3) [noun] (gram.) the syntactic relations of words in a sentence construction.

4) [noun] the agreement in feeling, action, ideas, interests, etc.; peaceable or friendly relations; harmony.

5) [noun] one who adjusts his actions, manners, and temperament to suit another’s will or order.

6) [noun] meaning or explanatory note for the meaning, of a literary work.

7) [noun] a chain of consequences or deductions; consecution.

8) [noun] the act of applying or using; the act of putting something to use; application.

9) [noun] a way or method of applying or using.

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Anvāya (ಅನ್ವಾಯ):—[noun] = ಅನ್ವಯ [anvaya].

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Anvāya (ಅನ್ವಾಯ):—[noun] all those claiming descent from a common ancestor; tribe or clan; lineage; family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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