Anvaya, aka: Anvāya; 11 Definition(s)

Introduction

Anvaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Anvaya (अन्वय).—Concomitance; the positive relation of smoke with fire can be termed as anvaya.

Source: Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study

1) Anvaya (अन्वय).—Construing, construction: arrangement of words according to their mutual relationship based upon the sense conveyed by them, शब्दानां परस्परमर्थानुगमनम् । (śabdānāṃ parasparamarthānugamanam |)

2) Anvaya.—Continuance, continuation;cf. घृतघटतैलवट इति (ghṛtaghaṭatailavaṭa iti) ; निषिक्ते घृते तैले वा अन्वयाद्विशेषणं भवति अयं घृतघटः, अयं तैलघट इति (niṣikte ghṛte taile vā anvayādviśeṣaṇaṃ bhavati ayaṃ ghṛtaghaṭaḥ, ayaṃ tailaghaṭa iti) M. Bh. on P.II. 1.1.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

anvaya = sequence; all-pervasive

Source: Ashtanga Yoga: Yoga Sutrani Patanjali

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Anvaya (अन्वय) or Anvayajñāna refers to the “knowledge of conformity” and represents one of the “ten knowledges” (jñāna) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 93). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., anvaya). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Anvaya in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

anvaya : (m.) course; conformity; tradition. || anvāya (abs. of ?), having undergone, experienced, or attained.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Anvāya, (ger. of anveti; cp. anvaya) undergoing, experiencing, attaining; as prep. (c. Acc.) in consequence of, through, after D.I, 13 (ātappaṃ by means of self-sacrifice), 97 (saṃvāsaṃ as a result of their cohabitation); J.I, 56 (buddhiṃ), 127 (piyasaṃvāsaṃ), 148 (gabbhaparipākaṃ). Often in phrase vuddhiṃ anvāya growing up, e. g. J.I, 278; III, 126; DhA.II, 87. (Page 49)

— or —

Anvaya, (n.-adj.) (Vedic anvaya in diff. meaning; fr. anu + i, see anveti & anvāya) 1. (n.) conformity, accordance D.II, 83 = III, 100; M.I, 69 (dhamm° logical conclusion of); S.II, 58; D.III, 226 (anvaye ñāṇaṃ); Pv.II, 113 (tassa kammassa anvāya, v. l. BB anvaya & anvāya; accordingly, according to = paccayā PvA.147); PvA.228 (anvayato, adv. in accordance). — 2. (adj.) following, having the same course, behaving according to, consequential, in conformity with (-°) D.I, 46 (tad°); M.I, 238 (kāyo citt° acting in conformity to the mind, obeying the mind); Sn.254 (an° inconsistent); It.79 (tass°). — dur° spelt durannaya conforming with difficulty, hard to manage or to find out Dh.92 (gati = na sakkā paññāpetuṃ DhA.II, 173); Sn.243, 251 (= duviññāpaya SnA 287 dunneyya ibid. 293). (Page 49)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

anvaya (अन्वय).—m (S) Holding with; linkedness unto; amicable or influential connection or concern with. Ex. anta:karaṇācē anvayāvāñcūna sakala indriyēṃ viṣayagra- haṇāviṣayīṃ jaḍaprāya āhēta; jitakyā candrakalāṃvara sūrya- kiraṇācā a0 hōtō titakyā kalā prakāśamāna disa- tāta; ātmā manīṃ phiratasē vyatirēkarītīṃ || tō anvayēṃ ja- ḍaci niścaya hā kariti || 2 Grammatical relation or agreement (as of verb with its subject or object, of adjective with noun). 3 Syntactical order or connection; the natural order or construction, as opp. to the inversion and involution of poetical style. 4 Logical order, consecution, or consequence. 5 Drift, tenor, bearing, leaning, strain, purport. 6 S Race, lineage, succession. anyayamukhēṃ In the manner, mode, or form of Positiveness, i.e. connection affirmative, absolute, or direct: opp. to vyatirēkamukhēṃ. Ex. jaḍapaṭa vyatirēka- mukhēṃ hari || tadapi anvaya dāvuni dē hari ||

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

anvaya (अन्वय).—m Connection. Grammatical rela- tion or agreement; the construing of a poetical piece, construction. Drift, tenor.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anvaya (अन्वय).—See under अन्वि (anvi).

--- OR ---

Anvaya (अन्वय).—[i kartari bhāve vā ac]

1) Going after, following; follower, retinue, attendants; का त्वमेकाकिनी भीरु निरन्वयजने वने (kā tvamekākinī bhīru niranvayajane vane) Bk.5.66.

2) Association, connection, relation; गन्धः कटुकान्वयः (gandhaḥ kaṭukānvayaḥ) = कटुकान्वितः (kaṭukānvitaḥ).

3) The natural order or connection of words in a sentence, construing grammatical order or relation; पदानां परस्पराकाङ्क्षा योग्यता च (padānāṃ parasparākāṅkṣā yogyatā ca), or शब्दानां परस्परमर्थानुगमनम् (śabdānāṃ parasparamarthānugamanam); तात्पर्याख्यां वृत्तिमाहुः पदार्थान्वय- बोधने (tātparyākhyāṃ vṛttimāhuḥ padārthānvaya- bodhane) S. D.; logical connection of words, अत्र (atra) (in the ex. tiṣṭhatu sarpiḥ) सर्पिःशब्दस्य स्थितिक्रियायामन्वयः (sarpiḥśabdasya sthitikriyāyāmanvayaḥ) P. VIII.3.44 Sk; परस्परनिरपेक्षस्यानेकस्य एकस्मिन्नन्वयः समुच्चयः (parasparanirapekṣasyānekasya ekasminnanvayaḥ samuccayaḥ) P.II.2.29 Sk.

4) Drift, tenor, purport.

5) Race, family, lineage; रघूणामन्वयं वक्ष्ये (raghūṇāmanvayaṃ vakṣye) R.1.9,12;3.27;12. 33; अन्वयगुणः (anvayaguṇaḥ) Mv.4.22 virtue of my race.

6) Descendants, posterity; ताभ्य ऋते अन्वयः (tābhya ṛte anvayaḥ) Y.2.117; स° (sa°) along with the family or descendants; Ms.2.168; जातस्तु गण्यते सोऽत्र यः स्फुरत्यन्वयाधिकम् (jātastu gaṇyate so'tra yaḥ sphuratyanvayādhikam) Pt.1.27.

7) Logical connection of cause and effect, logical continuance; जन्माद्यस्य यतोऽन्वयादितरतः (janmādyasya yato'nvayāditarataḥ) Bhāg.1.1.1.

8) Being seen (pratyakṣa); स्यात्साहसं त्वन्वयवत् प्रसभं कर्म यत्कृतम् । निरन्वयं भवेत्स्तेयम् (syātsāhasaṃ tvanvayavat prasabhaṃ karma yatkṛtam | niranvayaṃ bhavetsteyam)... Ms.8.332.

9) (In Nyāya) Statement of the constant and invariable concomitance of the हेतु (hetu) (middle term) and the साध्य (sādhya) (major term) of an Indian syllogism (hetusādhyayorvyāptiranvayaḥ). In the familiar instance पर्वतो वह्निमान् धूमवत्त्वात् (parvato vahnimān dhūmavattvāt) the relation यत्र यत्र धूमस्तत्र तत्र वह्निः (yatra yatra dhūmastatra tatra vahniḥ) (wherever there is smoke there is fire) is called अन्वय (anvaya) or अन्वयव्याप्ति (anvayavyāpti). अन्वय (anvaya), in fact, corresponds to the universal A proposition of European logic 'All A is B.' The 'व्यतिरेकव्याप्ति (vyatirekavyāpti)' means an assertion of the concomitance of the absence of साध्य (sādhya) and the absence of हेतु (hetu) (tadabhāvayoḥ hetvabhāvasādhyābhāvayoḥ vyāptiḥ) and corresponds to the converted A proposition 'All not-B is not-A'; or in Sanskrit यत्र यत्र वह्निर्नास्ति तत्र तत्र धूमोऽपि नास्ति (yatra yatra vahnirnāsti tatra tatra dhūmo'pi nāsti); and a cause or हेतु (hetu) is said to be connected with its effect by अन्वयव्यतिरेकव्याप्ति (anvayavyatirekavyāpti) when both the affirmative and negative relations between the thing to be proved and the cause that proves can be equally asserted; such a Hetu alone makes the argument perfectly sound and incapable of refutation. This process of arriving at the Vyāpti or universal proposition corresponds to the methods of Agreement and Difference in Mill's Logic; साध्ये निश्चितमन्वयेन घटितम् (sādhye niścitamanvayena ghaṭitam) Mu.5.1.

-Com. -āgata a. hereditary; Pt.1,3; °तं वैरम् (taṃ vairam) Pt.3.

-jñaḥ a genealogist; अथ स्तुते बन्दिभिरन्वयज्ञैः (atha stute bandibhiranvayajñaiḥ) R.6.8.

-vyatirekakau or °kam)

1) positive and negative assertion; agreement and contrariety or difference; see above.

2) rule and exception.

-vyāptiḥ f. affirmative assertion or agreement, affirmative universal.

Derivable forms: anvayaḥ (अन्वयः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anvaya (अन्वय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. Race, lineage, succession. 2. Connexion, acquaintance, intercourse. 3. the natural order or connexion of words in a sentence or stanza. 4. The logical connexion of cause and effect, or proposition and conclusion. E. anu after, iṇ to go, and ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Niranvaya
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