Antaratman, Antarātman, Antar-atman: 10 definitions


Antaratman means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Antaratman in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Antarātman (अन्तरात्मन्) refers to the “inner self”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Breath control is praised by mendicants, whose own opinions are well-established, for the accomplishment of meditation and for steadiness of the inner self (antarātman). Therefore, it should be learned directly and before [meditation] by the wise. Otherwise, even a little mastering of the mind cannot be done. It is considered by the teachers of old as threefold in accordance with the difference in characteristics. There is inhalation, holding and, immediately after that, exhalation”.

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context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Antaratman in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Antarātman (अन्तरात्मन्).—m. (tmā)

1) the inmost spirit or soul, the soul or mind; also the internal feelings, the heart, अङ्गुष्ठमात्रपुरुषोन्तरात्मा (aṅguṣṭhamātrapuruṣontarātmā) Śvet.; नास्य प्रत्यक- रोद्वीर्यं विक्लवेनान्तरात्मना (nāsya pratyaka- rodvīryaṃ viklavenāntarātmanā) Rām.6.13.28. गतिमस्यान्तरात्मनः (gatimasyāntarātmanaḥ) Manusmṛti 6.73; जीवसंज्ञोन्तरात्मान्यः सहजः सर्वदेहिनाम् (jīvasaṃjñontarātmānyaḥ sahajaḥ sarvadehinām) 12.13; मद्- गतेनान्तरात्मना (mad- gatenāntarātmanā) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 6.47 with the heart fixed on me; जातो ममायं विशदः प्रकामं (jāto mamāyaṃ viśadaḥ prakāmaṃ) ...... अन्तरात्मा (antarātmā) Ś.4.22, Uttararāmacarita 3.38, प्रायः सर्वो भवति करुणावृत्तिरार्द्रान्तरात्मा (prāyaḥ sarvo bhavati karuṇāvṛttirārdrāntarātmā) Meghadūta 95.

2) (In phil.) the inherent supreme spirit or soul (residing in the interior of man); अन्तरात्मासि देहिनाम् (antarātmāsi dehinām) Kumārasambhava 6.21.

Antarātman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms antar and ātman (आत्मन्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antarātman (अन्तरात्मन्).—m.

(-tmā) 1. The soul, the inherent spirit. 2. The internal feelings, the heart or mind. E. antar, and ātman soul.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antarātman (अन्तरात्मन्).—m. the soul, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 194.

Antarātman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms antar and ātman (आत्मन्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antarātman (अन्तरात्मन्).—[masculine] the inward soul, heart.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Antarātman (अन्तरात्मन्):—[=antar-ātman] m. the soul

2) [v.s. ...] the internal feelings, the heart or mind, [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antarātman (अन्तरात्मन्):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-tmā) 1) The Supreme Soul (comp. paramātman and puruṣa) as residing in the interior of man, as the inward Spirit or individual Soul. In the Upanishads the words puruṣa, ātman and antarātman are often used apparently as synonymes, but the term antarātman is, more especially, appropriated there to the notion of the Supreme Soul when it resides, according to their doctrine, in the interior of the heart, of a thumb’s size (‘aṅguṣṭhamātraḥ puruṣontarātmā sadā janānāṃ hṛdaye saṃniviṣṭaḥ’); [a deviation, however, in this respect may be noticed in a passage of the same Kaṭha-Upan. which contains also the preceding quotation (viz. aṅguṣṭhamātraḥ puruṣo madhya ātmani tiṣṭhati) where puruṣaḥ seems to have been considered as distinct from ātman and not residing in the heart, although Śankara endeavours to effect a reconciliation with the general doctrine by interpreting ātman in that passage by śarīra]. —In the Vedānta the notion of the antarātman has passed into that of the jīvātman q. v. In the other philosophies the terms ātman and puruṣa, in the sense they assume in these phil., have superseded the term antarātman.—Manu uses the word antarātman sometimes in the general sense of ātman, sometimes in the special sense of jīvātman (e. g. jīvasaṃjñontarātmānyaḥ sahajaḥ sarvadehinām); Yājnavalkya, however, employs the terms ātman and antarātman as synonymes to denote the Universal Soul, while he associates with puruṣa the idea of the manifested or individual Soul (anādirātmā saṃbhūtirvidyate nāntarātmanaḥ . samavāyo tu puruṣo mohecchādveṣakarmajaḥ; comp. also mohajālamapāsyeha puruṣo dṛśyate hi yaḥ sahasrakarapannetraḥ sūryavarcāḥ sahasrakaḥ . sa ātmā &c.).

2) (In the non-philosophical literature.) Soul, mind, self; used in the same sense as ātman. E. antar and ātman; or perhaps a [karmadharaya compound], antara and ātman; comp. e. g. vapustuṣādibhiḥ koṣairyuktaṃ yuktyavaghātataḥ . ātmānamantaraṃ śuddhaṃ vivicyāttaṇḍulaṃ yathā ...

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antarātman (अन्तरात्मन्):—[antarā+tman] (tmā) 5. m. The soul.

[Sanskrit to German]

Antaratman in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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