Alaktaka: 12 definitions


Alaktaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Alaktak.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Alaktaka in Purana glossary
Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Alaktaka (अलक्तक) refers to a “red dye for feet” and forms part of the cosmetics and personal decoration that was once commonly applied to one’s body in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Reference is made in the Nīlamata to various sorts of scents, perfumes, unguents, flowers and garlands. For example, Alaktaka in verse 417. Some processes of decoration like rubbing the body with emollient unguents (udvartana), anointing it with unguents (utsādana) and applying sandle-paste etc. after bath (anulepana) are referred to.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Alaktaka (अलक्तक) refers to “lac” according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] (1) The Foundation (ādhāra) (at the base of the spine) is the first Wheel (brilliant and coloured) like red lac [i.e., rakta-alaktaka-sannibha]. There, in the middle, is the one called Haṃsa, (shining white) like a multitude of moons. [...] (Perfect) contemplation (samādhi) is with (these) sixteen aspects and is (attained) within the form of the sixfold deposition (ṣoḍhānyāsa). He who knows this is (a veritable) Lord of Yogis, the others (who do not) are (just) quoting from books. Once attained the plane that is Void and Non-void, the yogi is freed from bondage”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Alaktaka (अलक्तक).—[na rakto'smāt, rasya latvam, svārthe kan Tv.] The red resin of certain trees, red lac or sap (formerly used by women to dye certain parts of their body, particularly the soles of the feet and lip) (Mar. aḷitā); (dantavāsasā) चिरोज्झितालक्तकपाटलेन (cirojjhitālaktakapāṭalena) Ku.5. 34,68;7.58; बिम्बाधरालक्तकः (bimbādharālaktakaḥ) M.3.5; अलक्तकाङ्कां पदवीं ततान (alaktakāṅkāṃ padavīṃ tatāna) R.7.7; स्त्रियो हृतार्थाः पुरुषं निरर्थं निष्पीडितालक्तकवत्त्यजन्ति (striyo hṛtārthāḥ puruṣaṃ nirarthaṃ niṣpīḍitālaktakavattyajanti) Mk.4.15.

Derivable forms: alaktakaḥ (अलक्तकः).

See also (synonyms): alakta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Alaktaka (अलक्तक).—n.

(-kaṃ) Lac, the dye; see the preceding. E. As before, kan being added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Alaktaka (अलक्तक).—[alakta + ka], m. Lac (see the last).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Alaktaka (अलक्तक):—[from alakta] m. rarely n. idem, [Kumāra-sambhava etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Alaktaka (अलक्तक):—(kaṃ) 1. n. Idem.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Alaktaka (अलक्तक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Alattaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Alaktaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Alaktaka in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Alaktaka (अलक्तक) [Also spelled alaktak]:—(nm) see [alatā].

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Alaktaka (ಅಲಕ್ತಕ):—[noun] a resinous substance secreted by various scale insects, esp. a species (Laccifer lacca) of India, that live on certain fig, soapberry, and acacia trees, formerly used by women to dye their soles, feet, breast, etc.; lac; shellac.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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