Dramaturgy in the Venisamhara

by Debi Prasad Namasudra | 2016 | 70,412 words

This page relates ‘Bhayanaka Rasa (state of fear)’ of the study dealing with the Venisamhara of Bhatta Narayana and its practical application of Sanskrit Dramaturgy. The Veni-Samhara is an extraordinary drama in Sanskrit literature which revolves around the great war of Mahabharata within six Acts. This study deals with the author, background and the technical aspects, reflecting the ancient Indian tradition of dramaturgy (Natya-Shastra).

Bhayānaka Rasa (state of fear)

A predominating state of fear when suggested in a piece of composition develops into the Terrific sentiment. The object which frightens is the ālambaṇa, e. g. horrific place, the appearance of wild beasts, the shrieks of jackals and foxes, the howling of owls and the miserable plight of one’s own relations. Loneliness of the spot, want of company, unarmed condition, narration of horrific incidents and the roaring noise often excite the sentiment. Trembling, shrieking, pallid looks, bloodless appearance, shouting for help and scared face are the after-effects of fear. Stupefaction, choking of voice, horripilation, and quiver are the Sāttvika-bhāvas. Suspicion, swoon, agitation, inconstancy, uneasiness, epilepsy and even apprehension of the loss of life are the auxiliary feelings that promote the Terrific sentiment.

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