Alambana, aka: Ālambana; 5 Definition(s)


Alambana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


[Alambana in Purana glossaries]

Ālambana (आलम्बन).—See yoga.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa VI. 7. 42.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Alambana in Natyashastra glossaries]

Ālambana (आलम्बन) or Ālambanavibhāva refers to “substantial excitant” and represents one of the two types of  vibhāva (excitants) according to Mammaṭa.—Basing upon which the basic feeling rati etc. are originated, that is called ālambana-vibhāva. In fact the dramatic personae like Duṣyanta and Śakuntala etc. are considred as ālambana-vibhāva respectively.

(Source): Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Alambana in Pali glossaries]

ālambana : (nt.) 1. a sense-object; 2. hanging down from; 3. support.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Ālambana, (adj.-nt.) (fr. ā + lamb, cp. ālamba) (adj.) hanging down from, hanging up J.III, 396; IV, 457; SnA 214. — (nt.) support, balustrade (or screen?) Vin.II, 117, 152 (°bāha) Miln.126. (Page 109)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Alambana in Sanskrit glossaries]

Ālambana (आलम्बन).—1 Depending on or from, hanging from.

2) Support, prop, stay; एतदालम्बनं श्रेष्ठमेतदालम्बनं परम् (etadālambanaṃ śreṣṭhametadālambanaṃ param) Kaṭh. Up.2.17. Ki.2.13; जातस्य नदीतीरे तस्यापि तृणस्य जन्मसाफल्यम् । यत्सलिलमज्जनाकुलजनहस्तावलम्बनं भवति (jātasya nadītīre tasyāpi tṛṇasya janmasāphalyam | yatsalilamajjanākulajanahastāvalambanaṃ bhavati) || Pt.1.28.; sustaining, supporting; Me.4.

3) Receptacle, abode; U.6.1 (v. l.).

4) Reason, cause.

5) Base.

6) (In Rhet.) That on which a रस (rasa) or sentiment, as it were, hangs, person or thing with reference to which a sentiment arises, the natural and necessary connection of sentiment with the cause which excites it. The causes (vibhāva) giving rise to a Rasa are classified as two :-आलम्बन (ālambana) and उद्दीपन (uddīpana); e. g. in the Bībhatsa sentiment stinking flesh &c. is the आलम्बन (ālambana) of the Rasa, and the attendant circumstances which enhance the feeling of loathing (the worms &c. in the flesh) are its उद्दीपनानि (uddīpanāni) (exciters); for the other Rasas see S. D.21-238.

8) The mental exercise practised by the Yogin in endeavouring to bring before his thoughts the gross form of the Eternal.

9) Silent repetition of a prayer.

1) (With Buddhists) The five attributes of things corresponding to five senses, i. e. रूप, रस, गन्ध, स्पर्श (rūpa, rasa, gandha, sparśa) and शब्द (śabda).

11) Dharma or law corresponding to manas.

Derivable forms: ālambanam (आलम्बनम्).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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