Alambana, Ālambana: 12 definitions

Introduction

Alambana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (A) next»] — Alambana in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ālambana (आलम्बन).—See yoga.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa VI. 7. 42.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)

Ālambana (आलम्बन) or Ālambanavibhāva refers to “substantial excitant” and represents one of the two types of  vibhāva (excitants) according to Mammaṭa.—Basing upon which the basic feeling rati etc. are originated, that is called ālambana-vibhāva. In fact the dramatic personae like Duṣyanta and Śakuntala etc. are considred as ālambana-vibhāva respectively.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Ālambana (आलम्बन, “object ”) refers to the “mindfulness (smṛtyupasthāna) as object  (ālambana)”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XXXI.—All dharmas with form (rūpadharma), namely, the ten bases of consciousness and a small part of the dharmāyatana are mindfulness of body.—The six kinds of feelings, namely, feeling arising from contact with the eye and the feelings arising from contact with the ear, nose, tongue, body and mind respectively.—The six kinds of consciousnesses, namely, consciousness of the eye and consciousnesses of the ear, nose, tongue, body and mind are mindfulness of mind.—The notion aggregate, the volition aggregate and the three unconditioned are mindfulness of dharmas. That is mindfulness as object (ālambana).

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ālambana.—(LL), the base stone. Note: ālambana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Alambana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ālambana : (nt.) 1. a sense-object; 2. hanging down from; 3. support.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ālambana, (adj.-nt.) (fr. ā + lamb, cp. ālamba) (adj.) hanging down from, hanging up J.III, 396; IV, 457; SnA 214. — (nt.) support, balustrade (or screen?) Vin.II, 117, 152 (°bāha) Miln.126. (Page 109)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ālambana (आलम्बन).—1 Depending on or from, hanging from.

2) Support, prop, stay; एतदालम्बनं श्रेष्ठमेतदालम्बनं परम् (etadālambanaṃ śreṣṭhametadālambanaṃ param) Kaṭh. Up.2.17. Ki.2.13; जातस्य नदीतीरे तस्यापि तृणस्य जन्मसाफल्यम् । यत्सलिलमज्जनाकुलजनहस्तावलम्बनं भवति (jātasya nadītīre tasyāpi tṛṇasya janmasāphalyam | yatsalilamajjanākulajanahastāvalambanaṃ bhavati) || Pt.1.28.; sustaining, supporting; Me.4.

3) Receptacle, abode; U.6.1 (v. l.).

4) Reason, cause.

5) Base.

6) (In Rhet.) That on which a रस (rasa) or sentiment, as it were, hangs, person or thing with reference to which a sentiment arises, the natural and necessary connection of sentiment with the cause which excites it. The causes (vibhāva) giving rise to a Rasa are classified as two :-आलम्बन (ālambana) and उद्दीपन (uddīpana); e. g. in the Bībhatsa sentiment stinking flesh &c. is the आलम्बन (ālambana) of the Rasa, and the attendant circumstances which enhance the feeling of loathing (the worms &c. in the flesh) are its उद्दीपनानि (uddīpanāni) (exciters); for the other Rasas see S. D.21-238.

8) The mental exercise practised by the Yogin in endeavouring to bring before his thoughts the gross form of the Eternal.

9) Silent repetition of a prayer.

1) (With Buddhists) The five attributes of things corresponding to five senses, i. e. रूप, रस, गन्ध, स्पर्श (rūpa, rasa, gandha, sparśa) and शब्द (śabda).

11) Dharma or law corresponding to manas.

Derivable forms: ālambanam (आलम्बनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ālambana (आलम्बन).—nt. (in meaning 1, essentially = Sanskrit id.; in meaning 2 = ārambaṇa, q.v.), (1) basis, ground, reason (= Sanskrit id.); ālambana-pratyaya, third of four pratyaya, q.v., compare ārambaṇa, 1, end: Mahāvyutpatti 2269; (2) object of sense (= ārambaṇa, 3): Lalitavistara 392.15 sarvālambana-samati- krāntaḥ (dharmaḥ); Bodhisattvabhūmi 384.8 (see s.v. saṃprakhyāna); Asaṅga (Mahāyāna-sūtrālaṃkāra) iv.1 (see Lévi's note in Transl.; seems restricted to correspondence with citta = manas (?), at least according to Tibetan); (3) architectural term, part of a railing or balus- trade; bar, crossbar (functioning as support), especially of a vedikā (-jāla), q.v., one of the cross-pieces of a balustrade or railing; = ārambaṇaka, q.v.; associated with adhiṣṭhāna (q.v., 4) or °naka (q.v.); repeatedly a sūcī (sūcikā) is stated to function as ālambana to the upright [Page106-a+ 71] pillars (pādaka) of a vedikā-jāla (Mahāvastu), or simply to a vedikā (Divyāvadāna): Mahāvastu i.195.1 sūcikā ālambanam adhiṣṭhāna- kaṃ ca abhūṣi; iii.227.7 ff. sūcikā ālambanaṃ adhiṣṭhā- nakaṃ ca (in some repetitions below, abhūṣi is added); Divyāvadāna 221.9 sūcī ālambanam adhiṣṭhānam (sc. āsīt); see next.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ālambana (आलम्बन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Depending on or resting upon, hanging from. 2. The natural and necessary connexion of feeling with the cause by which it is excited. 3. Supporting, sustaining. E. āṅ before labi to go, lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ālambana (आलम्बन).—[ā-lamb + ana], n., 1. Supporting, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 4. 2. Support, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 34.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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