Dramaturgy in the Venisamhara

by Debi Prasad Namasudra | 2016 | 70,412 words

This page relates ‘Bibhatsa Rasa (disgust)’ of the study dealing with the Venisamhara of Bhatta Narayana and its practical application of Sanskrit Dramaturgy. The Veni-Samhara is an extraordinary drama in Sanskrit literature which revolves around the great war of Mahabharata within six Acts. This study deals with the author, background and the technical aspects, reflecting the ancient Indian tradition of dramaturgy (Natya-Shastra).

Disgust transforms into the loathsome sentiment when brought out by means of the suggestive factors. The ugly object or the horrid scene is the ālambaṇa. It is generally aroused by filthy descriptions, obscene sights and talks. Squalor of body, turning of face, conspuing at the sight, making worry faces are the anubhāvas. Agitation, capilepsy (apasmara), retching sensation, disease and apprehension of death are some of the feelings that remain acilliary to the emotion of disgust.

According to Dhanañjaya, Bībhatsa-rasa is of three kinds:

  1. Kṣobhana”,
    1. Udvegī” and
  2. Ghṛṇa-śuddha”.

Out of them Kṣobhana presents the idea of blood intestines, marrow and fat and such other ghastly scenes; Udvegī presents loathsome scenes, full of putrid sights; and the last oen has simple disgust which is due to aversion from sensual joys.[1]

Footnotes and references:

[1]:

Daśarūpaka IV-73

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