Taittiriya Upanishad Bhashya Vartika

by R. Balasubramanian | 151,292 words | ISBN-10: 8185208115 | ISBN-13: 9788185208114

The English translation of Sureshvara’s Taittiriya Vartika, which is a commentary on Shankara’s Bhashya on the Taittiriya Upanishad. Taittiriya Vartika contains a further explanation of the words of Shankara-Acharya, the famous commentator who wrote many texts belonging to Advaita-Vedanta. Sureshvaracharya was his direct disciple and lived in the 9...

Sanskrit text and transliteration:

यथाश्रुति समालोच्य ससर्ज जगदीश्वरः ।
यथाक्रमं यथारूपं यथाकर्म यथाकृति ॥ ३७७ ॥

yathāśruti samālocya sasarja jagadīśvaraḥ |
yathākramaṃ yathārūpaṃ yathākarma yathākṛti || 377 ||

English translation of verse 2.377:

Having reflected according to śruti, Īśvara created the universe taking into consideration the proper order, colour, the previous deeds, and shape (of the beings to be born).


The Lord created the universe as it was before (dhātā yathā pūrvam-ahalpayat) in the proper order from ākāśa onwards—the universe consisting of different beings such as men, gods, animals, and birds in accordance with their previous karma and upāsanā. The Chāndagya text (V, x, 7) says: “Those whose conduct here has been good will quickly attain a good birth of a Brāhmaṇa, the birth of a Kṣatriya, or the birth of a Vaiśya. But those whose conduct here has been evil will quickly attain an evil birth, the birth of a dog, the birth of a hog, or the birth of a Caṇḍāla.”

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