Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 10.22.15

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

पिबा॑पि॒बेदि॑न्द्र शूर॒ सोमं॒ मा रि॑षण्यो वसवान॒ वसु॒: सन् । उ॒त त्रा॑यस्व गृण॒तो म॒घोनो॑ म॒हश्च॑ रा॒यो रे॒वत॑स्कृधी नः ॥
पिबापिबेदिन्द्र शूर सोमं मा रिषण्यो वसवान वसुः सन् । उत त्रायस्व गृणतो मघोनो महश्च रायो रेवतस्कृधी नः ॥
pibā-pibed indra śūra somam mā riṣaṇyo vasavāna vasuḥ san | uta trāyasva gṛṇato maghono mahaś ca rāyo revatas kṛdhī naḥ ||

English translation:

“Drink, hero Indra, drink the Soma; being excellent, harm (us) not, possessor of opulence; preservethose who praise you, and are affluent (in offerings), and render us rich with great riches.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Being excellent: i.e., itis not just that we should be punished for any defect in our worship of you who are excellent


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): vimada aindraḥ prājāpatyo vā vasukṛdvā vāsukraḥ [vimada aindra prājāpatya vā vasukṛdvā vāsukra];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): nicṛttriṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

पिब॑ऽपिब । इत् । इ॒न्द्र॒ । शू॒र॒ । सोम॑म् । मा । रि॒ष॒ण्यः॒ । व॒स॒वा॒न॒ । वसुः॑ । सन् । उ॒त । त्रा॒य॒स्व॒ । गृ॒ण॒तः । म॒घोनः॑ । म॒हः । च॒ । रा॒यः । रे॒वतः॑ । कृ॒धि॒ । नः॒ ॥
पिबपिब । इत् । इन्द्र । शूर । सोमम् । मा । रिषण्यः । वसवान । वसुः । सन् । उत । त्रायस्व । गृणतः । मघोनः । महः । च । रायः । रेवतः । कृधि । नः ॥
piba-piba | it | indra | śūra | somam | mā | riṣaṇyaḥ | vasavāna | vasuḥ | san | uta | trāyasva | gṛṇataḥ | maghonaḥ | mahaḥ | ca | rāyaḥ | revataḥ | kṛdhi | naḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 10.22.15 English analysis of grammar]

pibā < piba <

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“drink; gulp; soak; drink; suck; inhale.”

pibed < piba <

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“drink; gulp; soak; drink; suck; inhale.”

pibed < id


“indeed; assuredly; entirely.”


[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”


[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“hero; cock; śūra; Śūra; Vatica robusta; Plumbago zeylanica; warrior; hero; attacker; lentil; wild boar; lion; dog.”

somam < soma

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“Soma; moon; soma [word]; Candra.”



riṣaṇyo < riṣaṇyaḥ < riṣaṇy < √riṣ

[verb], singular, Aorist inj. (proh.)

“riṣaṇy [verb].”


[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

vasuḥ < vasu

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“good; good; benign; vasu [word].”

san < as

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”



“and; besides; uta [indecl.]; similarly; alike; even.”

trāyasva < trā

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“protect; help.”

gṛṇato < gṛṇataḥ < gṛ

[verb noun], accusative, plural


maghono < maghonaḥ < maghavan

[noun], accusative, plural, masculine


mahaś < mahaḥ < mah

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“great; great; distinguished; much(a); adult; long; high.”



“and; besides; then; now; even.”

rāyo < rāyaḥ < rai

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“wealth; possession; rai [word]; gold.”

revatas < revataḥ < revat

[noun], accusative, plural, masculine

“abundant; rich; affluent; brilliant; brilliant.”

kṛdhī < kṛ

[verb], singular, Aorist imperative

“make; perform; cause; produce; shape; construct; do; put; fill into; use; fuel; transform; bore; act; write; create; prepare; administer; dig; prepare; treat; take effect; add; trace; put on; process; treat; heed; hire; act; produce; assume; eat; ignite; chop; treat; obey; manufacture; appoint; evacuate; choose; understand; insert; happen; envelop; weigh; observe; practice; lend; bring; duplicate; plant; kṛ; concentrate; mix; knot; join; take; provide; utter; compose.”

naḥ < mad

[noun], accusative, plural

“I; mine.”

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