Prajapatya, Prājāpatya: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Prajapatya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Prājāpatya (प्राजापत्य) is the Sanskrit name for a unit of measurement, used in Vāstuśāstra literature, according to the Mānasāra II.40-53. A single Prājāpatya unit corresponds to 25 Aṅgula units.

Below follows a table of the different units of measurement in relation to one another:

  • 8 Paramāṇu = 1 Rathadhūli, chariot-dust
  • 8 Rathadhūli = 1 Vālāgra, hair-end
  • 8 Vālāgra = 1 Likṣā, nit,
  • 8 Likṣā = 1 Yūka, louse
  • 8 Yūka = 1 Yava, barley-corn,
  • 8 Yava = 1 Aṅgula, digit (finger-breadth),
  • 12 Aṅgula = 1 Vitasti, span,
  • 2 Vitasti (24 aṅgulas) = 1 Kiṣku, cubit,
  • 4 Dhanurmuṣṭi (26 aṅgulas) = 1 Daṇḍa, rod,
  • 8 Daṇḍa = 1 Rajju, rope

The smallest unit, which is paramāṇu, atom is stated ta be perceived (only) by the sages. For all practical purposes, aṅgula is the smallest unit of measurement. For this reason, it is seen to be treated in a special way in the text with regards to its universality that significantly downplays its semantic reference to the body.

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Prājāpatya (प्राजापत्य) refers to “cubit of 25 fingers § 2.1.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Prajapatya in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Prājāpatya (प्राजापत्य) is the name of a ceremony mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.14:—“[...] silver coins and black gram (māsa) shall be given as fee to the priest as much as for two Prājāpatya ceremonies. If the devotee cannot afford it he shall give according to his capacity. [...] Brahmins desiring the benefit shall perform the rite of Prājāpatya. The worship of Śiva with wheat grains (godhūma) is highly praiseworthy. If a hundred thousand grains are used for worship, the devotee shall be blessed with a number of children. Half a Droṇa of wheat will constitute a hundred thousand in number of grains. The mode of worship is as before”.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Prājāpatya (प्राजापत्य).—A kind of marriage.

"sahobhau caratāṃ dharmamiti vācānubhāṣya ca / kanyāpradānamabhyarcya prājāpatyo vidhiḥ smṛtaḥ //" (Sloka 30, Chapter 3, Manusmṛti).

Giving in marriage to a brahmacārī one’s daughter after inviting him to his house and worshipping him is called Prājāpatya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Prājāpatya (प्राजापत्य).—A sacrifice which Yudhiṣṭhira performed as a preparation to cast off his mortal body.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 15. 39; III. 12. 42; Vāyu-purāṇa 81. 3.

1b) A muhūrta of the day and the night;1 in the month of Puṣya, the eighth day in the dark half of the month;2 the tenth gāndhara grāmika.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 40, 42; Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 75; 66. 41.
  • 2) Ib. 66. 43.
  • 3) Ib. 86. 43.

1c) A form of marriage; others are Brahmā, Daivata, Ārṣa, Āsura, Gāndharva, Rākṣasa and Paiśāca.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 10. 24.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prajapatya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prājāpatya (प्राजापत्य).—n S (prajā & pati) A mode of penance. 2 A particular sacrifice. 3 A gift of cows to Brahmans by way of expiating guilt.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prajapatya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prājāpatya (प्राजापत्य).—a. [prajāpatirdevatā'sya yak]

1) Sacred to Prajāpati; सर्वदैवत्यं प्रीक्षितं प्राजापत्यमालभन्त (sarvadaivatyaṃ prīkṣitaṃ prājāpatyamālabhanta) Bṛ. Up.1.2.7; Mb. 12.6.44.

2) Born of Prajāpati (Brahmā); जहुः परि- ग्रहव्रीडां प्राजापत्यास्तपस्विनः (jahuḥ pari- grahavrīḍāṃ prājāpatyāstapasvinaḥ) Ku.6.34.

3) Belonging to Prajāpati; प्राजापत्योपनीतं तदन्नं प्रत्यग्रहीन्नृपः (prājāpatyopanītaṃ tadannaṃ pratyagrahīnnṛpaḥ) R.1.52.

-tyaḥ 1 One of the eight forms of marriage in Hindu law, in which the father gives his daughter to the bridegroom without receiving any present from him in order that the two may live happily and faithfully together; सहोभौ चरतां धर्ममिति वाचानुभाष्य च । कन्याप्रदानमभ्यर्च्यं प्राजापत्यो विधिः स्मृतः (sahobhau caratāṃ dharmamiti vācānubhāṣya ca | kanyāpradānamabhyarcyaṃ prājāpatyo vidhiḥ smṛtaḥ) || Ms.3.3; or इत्युक्त्वा चरतां धर्मं सह या दीयतेऽ- र्थिने । स कायः (ityuktvā caratāṃ dharmaṃ saha yā dīyate'- rthine | sa kāyaḥ) (i. e. prājāpatyaḥ) पावयेत्तज्जः षट् षड् वंश्यान्सहात्मना (pāvayettajjaḥ ṣaṭ ṣaḍ vaṃśyānsahātmanā) || Y.1.6.

2) Name of the confluence of the Gaṅgā and Yamunā (prayāga); (also n.).

3) (with tithi) The eighth day in the dark half of the month of Pauṣa.

4) Name of Viṣṇu.

5) A kind of fast or penance; (vyahaṃ prātastryahaṃ sāyaṃ tryahamadyādayācitam | tryahaṃ paraṃ ca nāśnīyāt prājāpatyamiti smṛtam ||); प्राजापत्यं चरेत् कृच्छ्रमब्दमेकं समाहितः (prājāpatyaṃ caret kṛcchramabdamekaṃ samāhitaḥ) Ms.11.15.

6) The heaven of the manes (pitṛloka).

7) A descendant of प्रजापति (prajāpati); द्वया ह प्राजापत्या देवाश्चासुराश्च (dvayā ha prājāpatyā devāścāsurāśca) Bṛ. Up.1.3.1.

-tyam 1 Giving away the whole of one's property before entering upon the life of an ascetic; also प्राजापत्या (prājāpatyā).

2) Generative energy, procreative power.

3) A particular sacrifice (for appointing a daughter to raise issue in default of male heirs).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prājāpatya (प्राजापत्य).—m.

(-tyaḥ) 1. A form of marriage, the gift of a girl, respectfully by her father to her lover. 2. A name of Allahabad or Prayaga. 3. The first of the persons, called Vasudevas, by the Jainas. n.

(-tyaṃ) 1. A sort of penance, eating once a day for three days in the morning, once in the night for three days subsisting, three days on food given as alms, and fasting three days more. 2. A particular sacrifice performed before appointing a daughter to raise issue in default of male heirs. 3. The asterism Rohini. f. (tyā) Giving away the whole of one’s property before entering upon the life of an ascetic or mendicant. E. prajāpati Bramha, and ṇyat aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prājāpatya (प्राजापत्य).—i. e. prajāpati + ya, I. adj. 1. Coming from, belonging to, Prajāpati, Chr. 38, 12; [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 239. 2. Belonging to the Prajāpatis, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 182. 3. With and without vidhi, a form of marriage, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 30. 4. With or without kṛcchra, A sort of penance, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 105; 211.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prājāpatya (प्राजापत्य).—[adjective] coming from or belonging to Prajapati; [masculine] (± vivāha) [adjective] cert. form of marriage; [neuter] procreative power.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prajāpatya (प्रजापत्य):—[=prajā-patya] [from prajā > pra-jan] [wrong reading] for prājāpatya.

2) Prājāpatya (प्राजापत्य):—[=prā-jāpatya] [from prā] a See sub voce

3) [from prājāpata] b mf(ā) is coming or derived from Prajā-pati, relating or sacred to him, [Atharva-veda]etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] m. a descendant of Pr° ([patronymic] of Pataṃ-ga, of Prajāvat, of Yakṣma-nāśana, of Yajña, of Vimada, of Viṣṇu, of Saṃvaraṇa, of Hiraṇya-garbha), [Ṛgveda-anukramaṇikā]

5) [v.s. ...] (with or [scilicet] vivāha or vidhi) a form of marriage (in which the father gives his daughter to the bridegroom without receiving a present from him), [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra i, 6; Manu-smṛti iii, 30 etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] (with or [scilicet] kṛcchra or upavāsa) a kind of fast or penance (lasting 12 days, food being eaten during the first 3 once in the morning, during the next 3 once in the evening, in the next 3 only if given as alms, and a plenary fast being observed during the 3 remaining days, [Manu-smṛti xi, 105]), [Yājñavalkya] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] m. (with śakaṭa, also n.) the chariot of Rohiṇī, Name of an asterism, [Varāha-mihira; Pañcatantra]

8) [v.s. ...] m. (with or [scilicet] tithi) the 8th day in the dark half of the month Pauṣa, [Colebrooke] (tyāś catvāraḥ prastobhāḥ Name of Sāmans, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]; [superlative degree] tya-tama, [Kapiṣṭhala-saṃhitā])

9) [v.s. ...] a son born in the Pr° form of marriage, [Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra]

10) [v.s. ...] a Kṣatriya and a Vaiśya, [Gopatha-brāhmaṇa; Vaitāna-sūtra]

11) [v.s. ...] Name of the confluence of the Gaṅgā and Yamunā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. [Mahābhārata i, 2097])

12) [v.s. ...] (with Jainas) Name of the first black Vāsudeva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) Prājāpatyā (प्राजापत्या):—[from prājāpatya > prājāpata] f. [patronymic] of Dakṣiṇā, [Ṛgveda-anukramaṇikā]

14) [v.s. ...] giving away the whole of one’s property before entering upon the life of an ascetic or mendicant, [Horace H. Wilson]

15) [v.s. ...] Name of a verse addressed to Prajā-pati, [Āpastamba-gṛhya-sūtra]

16) [v.s. ...] (with with śakaṭa, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

17) Prājāpatya (प्राजापत्य):—[from prājāpata] n. generative energy, procreative power, [Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā]

18) [v.s. ...] (with or [scilicet] karman) a [particular] kind of generation in the manner of Prajā-pati, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

19) [v.s. ...] a [particular] sacrifice performed before appointing a daughter to raise issue in default of male heirs, [Horace H. Wilson]

20) [v.s. ...] the world of Prajāpati, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

21) [v.s. ...] (with or [scilicet] nakṣatra or bha) the asterism Rohiṇī, [Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira]

22) [v.s. ...] (also with akṣarya, prayas-vat and mādhucchaudasa) Name of Sāmans, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prājāpatya (प्राजापत्य):—(tyaḥ) 1. m. First of the Vāsudevas; Allahabad; a form of marriage. f. (tyā) Giving away all before becoming an ascetic. n. A penance; a rite; Rohinī.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Prajāpatya (प्रजापत्य):—[Harivaṃśa 2547] falsche Form für prā; vgl. [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 695, v. l.]

--- OR ---

Prājāpatya (प्राजापत्य):—

--- OR ---

Prājāpatya (प्राजापत्य):—

1) patron. Pataṃga’s, Prajāvant’s, Yakṣmanāśana’s, Yajña’s, Vimada's, Viṣṇu’s, Saṃvaraṇa’s und Hiraṇyagarbha’s [Ṛgveda] [Anukramaṇikā] prājāpatyā patron. der Dakṣiṇā ebend.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Prajāpatya (प्रजापत्य):—Adj. [Harivaṃśa 2547.] fehlerhaft für prājāpatya.

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Prājāpatya (प्राजापत्य):——

1) Adj. (f. ā) von Prajpati stammend , ihm gehörig , ihm geweicht , ihn betreffend u.s.w. [Āśvalāyana’s Gṛhyasūtra 3,15,8.] vivāha m. eine best. Eheschliessung (ohne Brautkauf) ; nakṣatra oder bha n. das Mondhaus Rohiṇī ; śakaṭa m. n. der Wagen der Rohiṇī (also eig. Adj. von 4)d) ; tithi m. er achte Tag in der dunklen Hälfte des Monats Pauṣa ; prājāpatyāścatvāraḥ padastobhāḥ Namen von Sāman. Superl. prājāpatyatama [Kapiṣṭhalakaṭhasaṃhita 29,8.] —

2) m. — a) Patron. von prajāpati. — b) eine best. Eheschliessung ; s.u. 1). — c) ein in solcher Ehe erzeugter Sohn [Viṣṇusūtra 24,32.] — d) eine best. Kasteiung. — e) ein Kṣatriya und ein Vaiśya [Gopathabrāhmaṇa 2,2,23.Vaitānasūtra 11,19.] — f) *der Zusammenfluss von Gaṅgā und Yamunā. — g) *Nomen proprium des 1ten schwarzen Vāsudeva bei den Jaina. —

3) f. ā Patron. der Dakṣiṇā. —

4) n. — a) Fähigkeit der Zeugung. — b) wohl eine Zeugung in der Weise Prajāpati's. prājāpatyamakārayat so v.a. zeugte Kinder ohne ein Weib [Mahābhārata 1,221,4.] Vgl. sṛjadhvaṃ mānasānputrānprājapatyena karmaṇā [Harivaṃśa 1,45,48.] — c) die Welt Prajāpati's [Mārkaṇḍeyapurāṇa 96,18.] — d) das Mondhaus Rohiṇī. — e) Name verschiedener Sāman. Auch mit den Beiwörtern akṣarya , prayasvant und mādhucchandasa.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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