Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.45.32

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

द॒भ्रं चि॒द्धि त्वाव॑तः कृ॒तं शृ॒ण्वे अधि॒ क्षमि॑ । जिगा॑त्विन्द्र ते॒ मन॑: ॥
दभ्रं चिद्धि त्वावतः कृतं शृण्वे अधि क्षमि । जिगात्विन्द्र ते मनः ॥
dabhraṃ cid dhi tvāvataḥ kṛtaṃ śṛṇve adhi kṣami | jigātv indra te manaḥ ||

English translation:

Indra, the least deeds of one like you are renowned in the earth; may your care visit me.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

The leastdeeds: little has been heard of as done upon earth by one such as you are (Muir, Sanskrit Texts, Vol. V, p.III)


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): triśokaḥ kāṇvaḥ [triśoka kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): virāḍgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

द॒भ्रम् । चि॒त् । हि । त्वाव॑तः । कृ॒तम् । शृ॒ण्वे । अधि॑ । क्षमि॑ । जिगा॑तु । इ॒न्द्र॒ । ते॒ । मनः॑ ॥
दभ्रम् । चित् । हि । त्वावतः । कृतम् । शृण्वे । अधि । क्षमि । जिगातु । इन्द्र । ते । मनः ॥
dabhram | cit | hi | tvāvataḥ | kṛtam | śṛṇve | adhi | kṣami | jigātu | indra | te | manaḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.45.32 English analysis of grammar]

dabhraṃ < dabhram < dabhra

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“few; little(a); deficient.”

ciddhi < cit


“even; indeed.”

ciddhi < hi


“because; indeed; for; therefore; hi [word].”

tvāvataḥ < tvāvat

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

kṛtaṃ < kṛtam < kṛ

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“make; perform; cause; produce; shape; construct; do; put; fill into; use; fuel; transform; bore; act; write; create; prepare; administer; dig; prepare; treat; take effect; add; trace; put on; process; treat; heed; hire; act; produce; assume; eat; ignite; chop; treat; obey; manufacture; appoint; evacuate; choose; understand; insert; happen; envelop; weigh; observe; practice; lend; bring; duplicate; plant; kṛ; concentrate; mix; knot; join; take; provide; utter; compose.”

śṛṇve < śru

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“listen; come to know; hear; hear; listen; study; heed; learn.”



“on; from; accordingly.”

kṣami < kṣam

[noun], locative, singular, feminine

“Earth; heaven and earth.”

jigātv < jigātu <

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“go; enter (a state); arrive.”


[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

te < tvad

[noun], genitive, singular


manaḥ < manas

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“mind; Manas; purpose; idea; attention; heart; decision; manas [word]; manas [indecl.]; spirit; temper; intelligence.”

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