Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.45.33

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

तवेदु॒ ताः सु॑की॒र्तयोऽस॑न्नु॒त प्रश॑स्तयः । यदि॑न्द्र मृ॒ळया॑सि नः ॥
तवेदु ताः सुकीर्तयोऽसन्नुत प्रशस्तयः । यदिन्द्र मृळयासि नः ॥
taved u tāḥ sukīrtayo 'sann uta praśastayaḥ | yad indra mṛḻayāsi naḥ ||

English translation:

“Yours be those ascriptions of praise, your those hymns, through which, Indra, you bless us.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): triśokaḥ kāṇvaḥ [triśoka kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

तव॑ । इत् । ऊँ॒ इति॑ । ताः । सु॒ऽकी॒र्तयः॑ । अस॑न् । उ॒त । प्रऽश॑स्तयः । यत् । इ॒न्द्र॒ । मृ॒ळया॑सि । नः॒ ॥
तव । इत् । ऊँ इति । ताः । सुकीर्तयः । असन् । उत । प्रशस्तयः । यत् । इन्द्र । मृळयासि । नः ॥
tava | it | oṃ iti | tāḥ | su-kīrtayaḥ | asan | uta | pra-śastayaḥ | yat | indra | mṛḷayāsi | naḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.45.33 English analysis of grammar]

taved < tava < tvad

[noun], genitive, singular


taved < id


“indeed; assuredly; entirely.”



“ukāra; besides; now; indeed; u.”

tāḥ < tad

[noun], nominative, plural, feminine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

sukīrtayo < su


“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

sukīrtayo < kīrtayaḥ < kīrti

[noun], nominative, plural, feminine

“fame; fame; glory; kīrti [word]; mention.”

'sann < asan < as

[verb], plural, Present conjunctive (subjunctive)

“be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”



“and; besides; uta [indecl.]; similarly; alike; even.”

praśastayaḥ < praśasti

[noun], nominative, plural, feminine

“announcement; praise; respect.”

yad < yat


“once [when]; because; that; if; how.”


[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

mṛᄆayāsi < mṛḍayāsi < mṛḍay < √mṛḍ

[verb], singular, Present conjunctive (subjunctive)


naḥ < mad

[noun], dative, plural

“I; mine.”

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