Kanva, Kaṇva, Kāṇva: 17 definitions



Kanva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Kaṇva (कण्व) is the name of a sage who was in the company of Bharata when he recited the Nāṭyaveda them, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, they asked the following questions, “O the best Brahmin (lit. the bull of the twice-born), tell us about the character of the god who appears in the Preliminaries (pūrvaraṅga). Why is the sound [of musical instruments] applied there? What purpose does it serve when applied? What god is pleased with this, and what does he do on being pleased? Why does the Director being himself clean, perform ablution again on the stage? How, O sir, the drama has come (lit. dropped) down to the earth from heaven? Why have your descendants come to be known as Śūdras?”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Kaṇva (कण्व):—Son of Apratiratha (one of the three sons of Rantināva). He had a son named Medhātithi. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.20.6-7)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Kaṇva (कण्व).—(KĀŚYAPA). General information. Kaṇva attained Purāṇic fame as the father who brought up Śakuntalā. From Ṛgveda it can be gathered that the Kaṇva family was very prominent among the Ṛṣi families of ancient India. Because he was born in the family of sage Kaśyapa, son of Brahmā, Kaṇva was known as Kāśyapa also. Kaṇva’s father was Medhātithi as could be seen by a reference to him in Śloka 27, Chapter 208 of Śānti Parva as Medhātithisuta. Kaṇva was staying in a hermitage on the banks of the river Mālinī, with a number of disciples. (See full article at Story of Kaṇva from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Kaṇva (कण्व).—A King of Pūruvaṃśa. (Pūru dynasty). He was the son of the brother of Santurodha, father of Duṣyanta. His father was Prītiratha and he also had a son named Medhātithi. (Agni Purāṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kaṇva (कण्व).—A son of Apratiratha and father of Medhātithi; Śakuntalā was brought up in his āśrama; performed birth and other saṃskāras to the son born to her.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 20. 6-12 and 18; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 5-6.

1b) A sage and contemporary of Kṛṣṇa with whom he went to Mithilā. Left Dvārakā for Piṇḍāraka. Invited for Yudhiṣṭhira's rājasūya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 86. 18; XI. 1. 12; X. 74. 7; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 37. 6

1c) The minister of Devabhūti Śuṅga, whom he assassinated and usurped the throne.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 19.

1d) An Aṅgirasa and mantrakṛt. A pupil of Yājñavalkya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 109; 35. 28; Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 100; 61. 24.

1e) A son of Ajāmīḍha and Keśinī and father of Medhātithi.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 49. 46; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 30-31.

1f) A ṛtvik at the yāga of Brahmā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 106. 35; 108. 42.

1g) A royal dynasty after Śuṅgas; four kings in all, ruled for 45 years.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 19; Matsya-purāṇa 272. 36; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 38, 42.

2a) Kāṇva (काण्व).—A disciple of Yājñavalkya.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 5. 30.

2b) A branch of Aṅgirasa;1 learnt the vājasani yajus.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 106.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 6. 74; Matsya-purāṇa 200. 9.

2c) The sūkta of the Sama Vedins recited in tank ritual.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 58. 37.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Kaṇva (कण्व) is the name of an ancient Rṣi repeatedly referred to in the Rigveda and later. His sons and descendants, the Kaṇvas, are also often mentioned, especially in the eighth book of the Rigveda, the authorship of that book, as well as of part of the first, being attributed to this family. A descendant of Kaṇva is also denoted by the name in the singular, either alone or accompanied by a patronymic, as Kaṇva Nārṣada and Kaṇva Śrāyasa, besides in the plural the Kaṇvas Sauśra-vasas. The Kaṇva family appears to have been connected with the Atri family, but not to have been of great importance. In one passage of the Atharvaveda they seem to be definitely regarded with hostility.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Kanva was a great sage. He is best known as the sage who adopted Shakuntala, and at whose hermitage she met and fell in love with Dushyanta.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Kaṇva (कण्‍व): Father of Shakuntala.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kaṇva (कण्व).—m (kaṇva Name of a Muni or saint.) A tribe of Brahmans or an individual of it.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaṇva (कण्व).—a. [kaṇ kvan] Ved.

1) Talented, intelligent.

2) Praising; प्र सक्षणो दिव्यः कण्वहोता (pra sakṣaṇo divyaḥ kaṇvahotā) Rv.5.41.4.

3) Fit to be praised or honoured; Rv.1.115.5.

4) Deaf.

-ṇvaḥ 1 Name of a renowned sage, foster-father of Śakuntalā and progenitor of the line of काण्व (kāṇva) Brāhmaṇas. He was the author of several hymns of the Ṛigveda.

2) (Ved.) A peculiar class of evil spirits against whom charms or hymns (Av.2.25) are used; गर्भादं कण्वं नाशय (garbhādaṃ kaṇvaṃ nāśaya) Av.2.25.3.

3) A praiser.

4) The founder of Vedic schools.

-ṇvam Sin, evil.

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Kāṇva (काण्व).—A descendant or follower of Kaṇva.

-ṇvāḥ m. pl. The school of Kāṇvas.

Derivable forms: kāṇvaḥ (काण्वः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaṇva (कण्व).—m.

(-ṇvaḥ) The name of a celebrated Muni or saint. n.

(-ṇvaṃ) Sin. E. kaṇ to sound, kvan Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaṇva (कण्व).—m. The name of a Ṛṣi, Mahābhārata 1, 2874. Superl. kaṇva + tama, The first of the Kaṇva tribe, Chr. 287, 4 = [Rigveda.] i. 48, 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaṇva (कण्व).—[masculine] [Name] of an old Ṛṣi, [plural] his descendants.

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Kāṇva (काण्व).—[masculine] descendant or follower of Kanva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Kaṇva (कण्व) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Quoted in Āpastambadharmasūtra 1, 19, 3. 28, 1.

2) Kāṇva (काण्व):—Quoted in Āpastambadharmasūtra 1, 19, 7.

3) Kāṇva (काण्व):—add in Vājasaneyiprātiśākhya 1, 123. 149.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kaṇva (कण्व):—m. (√kaṇ, [Uṇādi-sūtra i, 151]), Name of a renowned Ṛṣi (author of several hymns of the Ṛg-veda; he is called a son of Ghora and is said to belong to the family of Aṅgiras), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra] etc.

2) m. [plural] the family or descendants of Kaṇva, [ib.] (besides the celebrated Ṛṣi there occur a Káṇva Nārṣadá, [Atharva-veda iv, 19, 2] KáṇvaŚrāyasa, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā v, 4, 7, 5; KaṇvaKāśyapa; Mahābhārata; Śakuntalā] etc.; the founder of a Vedic school; several princes and founders of dynasties; several authors)

3) m. a peculiar class of evil spirits (against whom the hymn, [Atharva-veda ii, 25] is used as a charm), [Atharva-veda ii, 25, 3; 4; 5]

4) mfn. deaf, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra x, 2, 35]

5) praising, a praiser, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) one who is to be praised, [Tārānātha tarkavācaspati’s Vācaspatyam, Sanskrit dictionary]

7) n. sin, evil [commentator or commentary] on [Uṇādi-sūtra]

8) Kāṇva (काण्व):—mfn. relating to or worshipping Kaṇva, [Pāṇini 4-2, 111]

9) m. a descendant of Kaṇva, [Ṛg-veda; Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

10) a worshipper of Kaṇva [commentator or commentary] on [Pāṇini 4-2, 111]

11) m. [plural] ([Pāṇini 4-2, 111]) the school of Kāṇva

12) m. Name of a dynasty, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

13) n. Name of several Sāmans.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaṇva (कण्व):—(ṇvaḥ) 1. m. A sage. n. Sin.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kaṇva (कण्व):—

1) adj. taub nach dem [Scholiast] zu [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 10, 2, 35.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 476.] —

2) m. a) Bez. böser Wesen, gegen welche der Zauber [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 2, 25] gebraucht wird. — b) Nomen proprium eines vielgenannten Ṛṣi ( [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 518.] [Medinīkoṣa v. 5]), der als Verf. mehrerer [Ṛgveda] Lieder gilt. Er wird als ein Sohn Ghora's bezeichnet und zum Geschlecht des Aṅgiras gerechnet. [Ṛgveda] [Anukramaṇikā] [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 12, 13.] [Ṛgveda 1, 36, 10. 11. 48, 4. 112, 5. 8, 5, 23. 8, 4.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 4, 37, 1. 7, 15, 1. 18, 3, 15.] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 17, 74] und oft. pl. Kaṇva’s Geschlecht [Ṛgveda 1, 14, 2. 47, 2. 8, 8, 3.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 10, 2, 35] und sonst. kaṇvatama [Ṛgveda 1, 48, 4.] kaṇvavat [8, 6, 11.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 2, 32, 3.] — Kaṇva Nārṣada [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 4, 19, 2.] — Kaṇva Śrāyasa [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 5, 4, 7, 5.] — Kaṇva Kāśyapa [Mahābhārata 1, 2874. 3, 4087.] [Śākuntala 7, 10. 9, 12. 28, 13.] — Gründer einer VedaSchule [Viṣṇupurāṇa 281.] [Colebrooke I, 17.] — Ein Fürst, ein Sohn Pratiratha's und Vater Medhātithi’s, [Harivaṃśa 1718.] ein Sohn Apratiratha's [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 20, 6.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 448.] ein Sohn Agamīḍha’s(!) und Vater Medhātithi’s [452.] — Verfasser eines Gesetzbuchs [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 246.] [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 1403.] ein Grammatiker (wohl kāṇva) [Colebrooke II, 49.] — Es liegt nahe zu vermuthen, dass Kaṇva ursprünglich ein mythischer Name gewesen und später wie Aṅgiras auf ein menschliches Geschlecht übertragen worden sei. —

3) n. [Siddhāntakaumudī.251,a,8.] Uebel, das Böse [Die Uṇādi-Affixe 1, 50.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 518.] [Medinīkoṣa v. 5.] Vgl. kiṇva und kaṇvāy .

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Kāṇva (काण्व):—

1) patron. von kaṇva [Ṛgveda 8, 1, 8. 2, 40. 7, 19. 9, 3. 10, 2.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 16, 11, 20. 26.] [WEBER,] [LIT. 139.] kāṇvaśākhā der [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā ebend. 101. fgg.] Dynastie der Kāṇva [Viṣṇupurāṇa 471. fg.] [Lassen’s Indische Alterthumskunde II, 351.] Vgl. kāṇvya . —

2) ein Verehrer von Kaṇva [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 2, 111,] [Scholiast] —

3) adj. von kāṇvya [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 2, 111.]

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Kaṇva (कण्व):—

2) b) [Oxforder Handschriften 18], b, 2. 19, a, 4. 55, a, 33. 270, a, 22. 277, b, 46. 345, a, 30. 356, a, 12. Ghaura [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 212],a. Śrāyasa [Kāṭhaka-Recension 21, 8.] kaṇvāḥ sauśravasāḥ [13, 12.] kaṇvakaśyapam [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 476.] Kaṇva Vasudeva Gründer einer Dynastie (der kāṇva) [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 12, 1, 18.]

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Kāṇva (काण्व):—

1) gārgaḥ kāṇvaḥ [Scholiast] zu [Prātiśākhya zur Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 4, 174.] Kāṇva ein Grammatiker [Prātiśākhya zur Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 1, 123. 149.] kāṇvamādhyaṃdinādayaḥ [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 12, 6, 74.] pl. Name einer Dynastie [1, 17.] kāṇvaṃ suśarmāṇam [20.] —

2) pl. die Schule des Kaṇva [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 262.] Hierher gehört auch das unter

1) stehende kāṇvaśākhā. śākhin [Weber’s Indische Studien 4, 333.] —

3) lies im pl. der pl. zu kāṇvya . —

4) n. Name verschiedener Sāman [Weber’s Indische Studien.3,213,a.] abhinidhanaṃ kāṇvam desgl. [203,a.] āṣkāranidhanaṃ kāṇvam desgl. [206,b.] aidhmakāṇva desgl. [211,b.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Kaṇva (कण्व):——

1) m. — a) Nomen proprium eines alten Ṛṣi und verschiedener anderer Personen. Pl. sein Geschlecht und eine best. Dynastie [Viṣṇupurāṇa 4,24,11.] — b) Bez. böser Wesen.

2) Adj. taub oder m. ein Nachkomme Kaṇva's [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtra 10,2,35.] —

3) *n. Böses.

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Kāṇva (काण्व):—und kāṇua

1) *Adj. zu Kaṇva in Beziehung stehend , ihn verehrend u.s.w. —

2) m. — a) Patron. von kaṇva [Tāṇḍyabrāhmaṇa 14,6,6.15,10,11.] — b) Pl. — α) die Schule des Kaṇva. — β) Name einer Dynastie. —

3) n. Name verschiedener Sāman.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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