Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.45.31

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

यद्द॑धि॒षे म॑न॒स्यसि॑ मन्दा॒नः प्रेदिय॑क्षसि । मा तत्क॑रिन्द्र मृ॒ळय॑ ॥
यद्दधिषे मनस्यसि मन्दानः प्रेदियक्षसि । मा तत्करिन्द्र मृळय ॥
yad dadhiṣe manasyasi mandānaḥ pred iyakṣasi | mā tat kar indra mṛḻaya ||

English translation:

“Whatever you undertake in your exhilaration, whatever you purpose in your mind or are thinking tobestow-- O Indra, do it not, but bless us.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Do it not, for you have done it for us-- only make us happy


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): triśokaḥ kāṇvaḥ [triśoka kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

यत् । द॒धि॒षे । म॒न॒स्यसि॑ । म॒न्दा॒नः । प्र । इत् । इय॑क्षसि । मा । तत् । कः॒ । इ॒न्द्र॒ । मृ॒ळय॑ ॥
यत् । दधिषे । मनस्यसि । मन्दानः । प्र । इत् । इयक्षसि । मा । तत् । कः । इन्द्र । मृळय ॥
yat | dadhiṣe | manasyasi | mandānaḥ | pra | it | iyakṣasi | mā | tat | kaḥ | indra | mṛḷaya

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.45.31 English analysis of grammar]

yad < yat


“once [when]; because; that; if; how.”

dadhiṣe < dhā

[verb], singular, Perfect indicative

“put; give; cause; get; hold; make; provide; lend; wear; install; have; enter (a state); supply; hold; take; show.”

manasyasi < manasy

[verb], singular, Present indikative

mandānaḥ < mad

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“rut; intoxicate; delight; revel; rejoice; drink; ramp; exult.”

pred < pra


“towards; ahead.”

pred < id


“indeed; assuredly; entirely.”

iyakṣasi < iyakṣ < √yaj

[verb], singular, Present indikative




tat < tad

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

kar < kaḥ < kṛ

[verb], singular, Aorist inj. (proh.)

“make; perform; cause; produce; shape; construct; do; put; fill into; use; fuel; transform; bore; act; write; create; prepare; administer; dig; prepare; treat; take effect; add; trace; put on; process; treat; heed; hire; act; produce; assume; eat; ignite; chop; treat; obey; manufacture; appoint; evacuate; choose; understand; insert; happen; envelop; weigh; observe; practice; lend; bring; duplicate; plant; kṛ; concentrate; mix; knot; join; take; provide; utter; compose.”


[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

mṛᄆaya < mṛḍaya < mṛḍay < √mṛḍ

[verb], singular, Present imperative


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