Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.25.17

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अनु॒ पूर्वा॑ण्यो॒क्या॑ साम्रा॒ज्यस्य॑ सश्चिम । मि॒त्रस्य॑ व्र॒ता वरु॑णस्य दीर्घ॒श्रुत् ॥
अनु पूर्वाण्योक्या साम्राज्यस्य सश्चिम । मित्रस्य व्रता वरुणस्य दीर्घश्रुत् ॥
anu pūrvāṇy okyā sāmrājyasya saścima | mitrasya vratā varuṇasya dīrghaśrut ||

English translation:

“We observe the ancient rites of the imperial Varuṇa and the renowned Mitra, (rites) that are good for(our) dwelling.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Dwelling: okyā = oko gṛham tasmai hitāni karmāṇi

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): viśvamanā vaiyaśvaḥ [viśvamanā vaiyaśva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): mitrāvaruṇau ;
Chandas (meter): pādanicṛduṣṇik ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अनु॑ । पूर्वा॑णि । ओ॒क्या॑ । सा॒म्ऽरा॒ज्यस्य॑ । स॒श्चि॒म॒ । मि॒त्रस्य॑ । व्र॒ता । वरु॑णस्य । दी॒र्घ॒ऽश्रुत् ॥
अनु । पूर्वाणि । ओक्या । साम्राज्यस्य । सश्चिम । मित्रस्य । व्रता । वरुणस्य । दीर्घश्रुत् ॥
anu | pūrvāṇi | okyā | sām-rājyasya | saścima | mitrasya | vratā | varuṇasya | dīrgha-śrut

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.25.17 English analysis of grammar]

anu

[adverb]

“subsequently; behind; along; towards; because.”

pūrvāṇy < pūrvāṇi < pūrva

[noun], accusative, plural, neuter

“aforesaid(a); antecedent; previous(a); first; eastern; former(a); pūrva [word]; age-old; anterior; bygone; fore(a); predictive; firstborn; easterly; instrumental.”

okyā < okya

[noun], accusative, plural, neuter

sāmrājyasya < sāmrājya

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

saścima < sac

[verb], plural, Perfect indicative

“accompany; follow; company; obey; participate; enter.”

mitrasya < mitra

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“friend; Mitra; mitra [word]; sun; ally.”

vratā < vrata

[noun], accusative, plural, neuter

“vrata (vote); commandment; law; oath; command; rule; custom; vrata [word]; rule; behavior.”

varuṇasya < varuṇa

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“Varuna; varuṇa [word]; Crataeva religiosa Forst.; Varuṇa; varuṇādi.”

dīrghaśrut < dīrgha

[noun]

“long; long; long; large; far; deep; dīrgha [word].”

dīrghaśrut < śrut

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“listening.”

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