Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.25.18

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

परि॒ यो र॒श्मिना॑ दि॒वोऽन्ता॑न्म॒मे पृ॑थि॒व्याः । उ॒भे आ प॑प्रौ॒ रोद॑सी महि॒त्वा ॥
परि यो रश्मिना दिवोऽन्तान्ममे पृथिव्याः । उभे आ पप्रौ रोदसी महित्वा ॥
pari yo raśminā divo 'ntān mame pṛthivyāḥ | ubhe ā paprau rodasī mahitvā ||

English translation:

“(Mitra is he) who has measured with his rays the limits of both heaven and earth; who has filled bothheaven and earth with his greatness.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): viśvamanā vaiyaśvaḥ [viśvamanā vaiyaśva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): mitrāvaruṇau ;
Chandas (meter): pādanicṛduṣṇik ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

परि॑ । यः । र॒श्मिना॑ । दि॒वः । अन्ता॑न् । म॒मे । पृ॒थि॒व्याः । उ॒भे इति॑ । आ । प॒प्रौ॒ । रोद॑सी॒ इति॑ । म॒हि॒त्वा ॥
परि । यः । रश्मिना । दिवः । अन्तान् । ममे । पृथिव्याः । उभे इति । आ । पप्रौ । रोदसी इति । महित्वा ॥
pari | yaḥ | raśminā | divaḥ | antān | mame | pṛthivyāḥ | ubhe iti | ā | paprau | rodasī iti | mahitvā

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.25.18 English analysis of grammar]



“from; about; around.”

yo < yaḥ < yad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

raśminā < raśmi

[noun], instrumental, singular, masculine

“beam; rein; sunbeam; shininess; cord.”

divo < divaḥ < div

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“sky; Svarga; day; div [word]; heaven and earth; day; dawn.”

'ntān < antān < anta

[noun], accusative, plural, masculine

“end; last syllable; end; end; boundary; inside; border; death; anta [word]; edge; end; shore; limit; region; outskirt; destruction; boundary; limit; anta; termination; corner; conclusion; hem; end; ant; edge.”

mame <

[verb], singular, Perfect indicative

“weigh; measure; total; last; weigh; measure; give away; transform.”

pṛthivyāḥ < pṛthivī

[noun], genitive, singular, feminine

“Earth; pṛthivī; floor; Earth; earth; pṛthivī [word]; land.”

ubhe < ubh

[noun], accusative, dual, feminine




“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

paprau < prā

[verb], singular, Perfect indicative

“fill; satisfy.”


[noun], accusative, dual, feminine

“heaven and earth; Earth.”

mahitvā < mahitva

[noun], accusative, plural, neuter


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