Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.25.16

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अ॒यमेक॑ इ॒त्था पु॒रूरु च॑ष्टे॒ वि वि॒श्पति॑: । तस्य॑ व्र॒तान्यनु॑ वश्चरामसि ॥
अयमेक इत्था पुरूरु चष्टे वि विश्पतिः । तस्य व्रतान्यनु वश्चरामसि ॥
ayam eka itthā purūru caṣṭe vi viśpatiḥ | tasya vratāny anu vaś carāmasi ||

English translation:

“This one, the lord of man (Mitra), contemplates many vast things; we follow his rites for you.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): viśvamanā vaiyaśvaḥ [viśvamanā vaiyaśva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): mitrāvaruṇau ;
Chandas (meter): virāḍuṣnik ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अ॒यम् । एकः॑ । इ॒त्था । पु॒रु । उ॒रु । च॒ष्टे॒ । वि । वि॒श्पतिः॑ । तस्य॑ । व्र॒तानि॑ । अनु॑ । वः॒ । च॒रा॒म॒सि॒ ॥
अयम् । एकः । इत्था । पुरु । उरु । चष्टे । वि । विश्पतिः । तस्य । व्रतानि । अनु । वः । चरामसि ॥
ayam | ekaḥ | itthā | puru | uru | caṣṭe | vi | viśpatiḥ | tasya | vratāni | anu | vaḥ | carāmasi

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.25.16 English analysis of grammar]

ayam < idam

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

eka < ekaḥ < eka

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“one; single(a); alone(p); some(a); single(a); eka [word]; alone(p); excellent; each(a); some(a); one; same; alone(p); some(a); consistent; any(a); undifferentiated; disjunct.”



“thus; here.”

purūru < puru

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“many; much(a); very.”

purūru < uru

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“wide; broad; great; uru [word]; much(a); excellent.”

caṣṭe < cakṣ

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“watch; look.”



“apart; away; away.”

viśpatiḥ < viśpati

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“overlord; head.”

tasya < tad

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

vratāny < vratāni < vrata

[noun], accusative, plural, neuter

“vrata (vote); commandment; law; oath; command; rule; custom; vrata [word]; rule; behavior.”



“subsequently; behind; along; towards; because.”

vaś < vaḥ < tvad

[noun], dative, plural


carāmasi < car

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“car; wander; perform; travel; bore; produce; make; dwell; dig; act; observe; enter (a state); observe; cause; crop; behave; practice; heed; process; administer.”

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