Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 3.4.11

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ या॑ह्यग्ने समिधा॒नो अ॒र्वाङिन्द्रे॑ण दे॒वैः स॒रथं॑ तु॒रेभि॑: । ब॒र्हिर्न॑ आस्ता॒मदि॑तिः सुपु॒त्रा स्वाहा॑ दे॒वा अ॒मृता॑ मादयन्ताम् ॥
आ याह्यग्ने समिधानो अर्वाङिन्द्रेण देवैः सरथं तुरेभिः । बर्हिर्न आस्तामदितिः सुपुत्रा स्वाहा देवा अमृता मादयन्ताम् ॥
ā yāhy agne samidhāno arvāṅ indreṇa devaiḥ sarathaṃ turebhiḥ | barhir na āstām aditiḥ suputrā svāhā devā amṛtā mādayantām ||

English translation:

Agni, kindled into flame, come to our presence in the same chariot with Indra and with the swift-moving gods; may Aditi, the mother of excellent sons, sit down on the sacred grass, and may the immortal gods be satisfied with the reverentially-offered oblation.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

May the immortal gods: svāhā devā amṛtā mādayantām: svāhā = svāhākāreṇa yuktaḥ, joined with or addressed by the exclamation, svāhā


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): gāthino viśvāmitraḥ [gāthina viśvāmitra];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): āpriyaḥ;
Chandas (meter): nicṛttriṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ । या॒हि॒ । अ॒ग्ने॒ । स॒म्ऽइ॒धा॒नः । अ॒र्वाङ् । इन्द्रे॑ण । दे॒वैः । स॒ऽरथ॑म् । तु॒रेभिः॑ । ब॒र्हिः । नः॒ । आस्ता॑म् । अदि॑तिः । सु॒ऽपु॒त्रा । स्वाहा॑ । दे॒वाः । अ॒मृताः॑ । मा॒द॒य॒न्ता॒म् ॥
आ । याहि । अग्ने । सम्इधानः । अर्वाङ् । इन्द्रेण । देवैः । सरथम् । तुरेभिः । बर्हिः । नः । आस्ताम् । अदितिः । सुपुत्रा । स्वाहा । देवाः । अमृताः । मादयन्ताम् ॥
ā | yāhi | agne | sam-idhānaḥ | arvāṅ | indreṇa | devaiḥ | sa-ratham | turebhiḥ | barhiḥ | naḥ | āstām | aditiḥ | su-putrā | svāhā | devāḥ | amṛtāḥ | mādayantām

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 3.4.11 English analysis of grammar]



“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

yāhy < yāhi <

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“go; enter (a state); travel; disappear; reach; come; campaign; elapse; arrive; drive; reach; leave; run; depart; ride.”

agne < agni

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“fire; Agni; sacrificial fire; digestion; cautery; Plumbago zeylanica; fire; vahni; agni [word]; agnikarman; gold; three; jāraṇa; pyre; fireplace; heating.”

samidhāno < samidhānaḥ < samindh < √indh

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“kindle; blaze.”

arvāṅ < arvāñc

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“approaching; facing; less.”

indreṇa < indra

[noun], instrumental, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

devaiḥ < deva

[noun], instrumental, plural, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

sarathaṃ < sa


“with; little; together.”

sarathaṃ < ratham < ratha

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“chariot; warrior; ratha [word]; Dalbergia oojeinensis; rattan.”

turebhiḥ < tura

[noun], instrumental, plural, masculine

“powerful; noble; noble.”

barhir < barhiḥ < barhis

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“Barhis; barhis [word].”

na < naḥ < mad

[noun], genitive, plural

“I; mine.”

āstām < ās

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“sit; stay; sit down; dwell; lie; lie; exist.”

aditiḥ < aditi

[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

“Aditi; aditi [word].”

suputrā < su


“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

suputrā < putrā < putra

[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

“son; putra [word]; male child; Putra; Bodhisattva.”




devā < devāḥ < deva

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

amṛtā < amṛtāḥ < amṛta

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“immortal; amṛta; imperishable.”

mādayantām < māday < √mad

[verb], plural, Present imperative

“delight; enjoy; intoxicate.”

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: