Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 1.98.3

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

वैश्वा॑नर॒ तव॒ तत्स॒त्यम॑स्त्व॒स्मान्रायो॑ म॒घवा॑नः सचन्ताम् । तन्नो॑ मि॒त्रो वरु॑णो मामहन्ता॒मदि॑ति॒: सिन्धु॑: पृथि॒वी उ॒त द्यौः ॥
वैश्वानर तव तत्सत्यमस्त्वस्मान्रायो मघवानः सचन्ताम् । तन्नो मित्रो वरुणो मामहन्तामदितिः सिन्धुः पृथिवी उत द्यौः ॥
vaiśvānara tava tat satyam astv asmān rāyo maghavānaḥ sacantām | tan no mitro varuṇo māmahantām aditiḥ sindhuḥ pṛthivī uta dyauḥ ||

English translation:

Vaiśvānara, may this (your adoration be attended) by real (fruit); may precious treasure wait uon us, and may Mitra, Varuṇa, Aditi--ocean, earth, and heaven, preserve them to us].”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Rāyaḥ, riches; i.e. wealth in family


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): kutsaḥ āṅgirasaḥ [kutsa āṅgirasa];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): agnirvaiśvānaraḥ ;
Chandas (meter): nicṛttriṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

वैश्वा॑नर । तव॑ । तत् । स॒त्यम् । अ॒स्तु॒ । अ॒स्मान् । रायः॑ । म॒घवा॑नः । स॒च॒न्ता॒म् । तत् । नः॒ । मि॒त्रः । वरु॑णः । म॒म॒ह॒न्ता॒म् । अदि॑तिः । सिन्धुः॑ । पृ॒थि॒वी । उ॒त । द्यौः ॥
वैश्वानर । तव । तत् । सत्यम् । अस्तु । अस्मान् । रायः । मघवानः । सचन्ताम् । तत् । नः । मित्रः । वरुणः । ममहन्ताम् । अदितिः । सिन्धुः । पृथिवी । उत । द्यौः ॥
vaiśvānara | tava | tat | satyam | astu | asmān | rāyaḥ | maghavānaḥ | sacantām | tat | naḥ | mitraḥ | varuṇaḥ | mamahantām | aditiḥ | sindhuḥ | pṛthivī | uta | dyauḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 1.98.3 English analysis of grammar]


[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Agni; fire; Vaiśvānara; Vaiśvānara; sacrificial fire; sun.”

tava < tvad

[noun], genitive, singular


tat < tad

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

satyam < satya

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“true; real; real; faithful; good.”

astv < astu < as

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

asmān < mad

[noun], accusative, plural

“I; mine.”

rāyo < rāyaḥ < rai

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“wealth; possession; rai [word]; gold.”

maghavānaḥ < maghavan

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine


sacantām < sac

[verb], plural, Present imperative

“accompany; follow; company; obey; participate; enter.”

tan < tat < tad

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

no < naḥ < mad

[noun], dative, plural

“I; mine.”

mitro < mitraḥ < mitra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“friend; Mitra; mitra [word]; sun; ally.”

varuṇo < varuṇaḥ < varuṇa

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Varuna; varuṇa [word]; Crataeva religiosa Forst.; Varuṇa; varuṇādi.”

māmahantām < mah

[verb], plural, Perfect imperative

“give; accord.”

aditiḥ < aditi

[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

“Aditi; aditi [word].”

sindhuḥ < sindhu

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“river; Indus; sindhu [word].”


[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

“Earth; pṛthivī; floor; Earth; earth; pṛthivī [word]; land.”



“and; besides; uta [indecl.]; similarly; alike; even.”

dyauḥ < div

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“sky; Svarga; day; div [word]; heaven and earth; day; dawn.”

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