Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.1.46

भूतस्थानानि सर्वाणि रहस्यं त्रिविधं च यत् ।
वेदयोगं सविज्ञानं धर्मोऽर्थः काम एव च ॥ ४६ ॥

bhūtasthānāni sarvāṇi rahasyaṃ trividhaṃ ca yat |
vedayogaṃ savijñānaṃ dharmo'rthaḥ kāma eva ca || 46 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Vyasa, surrounded by all the tribes of Munis, saw him, he was surprised; and, standing with joined palms, he bowed and ordered a seat to be brought. And Vyasa having gone round him who is...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.1.46). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Bhutasthana, Sarva, Sarvani, Rahasyam, Rahasya, Trividha, Yat, Yad, Vedaya, Vedi, Savijnana, Dharma, Artha, Kama, Eva,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.1.46). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “bhūtasthānāni sarvāṇi rahasyaṃ trividhaṃ ca yat
  • bhūtasthānāni -
  • bhūtasthāna (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • sarvāṇi -
  • sarvāṇī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • rahasyam -
  • rahasyam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    rahasya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    rahasya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    rahasyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • trividham -
  • trividha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    trividha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    trividhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yat -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “vedayogaṃ savijñānaṃ dharmo'rthaḥ kāma eva ca
  • vedayo -
  • vedaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vedi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    vedi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • gam -
  • ga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ga (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • savijñānam -
  • savijñāna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    savijñāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    savijñānā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • dharmo' -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • arthaḥ -
  • artha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kāma* -
  • kāma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.1.46

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.1.46 in Kannada sript:
ಭೂತಸ್ಥಾನಾನಿ ಸರ್ವಾಣಿ ರಹಸ್ಯಂ ತ್ರಿವಿಧಂ ಚ ಯತ್ ।
ವೇದಯೋಗಂ ಸವಿಜ್ಞಾನಂ ಧರ್ಮೋಽರ್ಥಃ ಕಾಮ ಏವ ಚ ॥ ೪೬ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.1.46 in Bengali sript:
ভূতস্থানানি সর্বাণি রহস্যং ত্রিবিধং চ যত্ ।
বেদযোগং সবিজ্ঞানং ধর্মোঽর্থঃ কাম এব চ ॥ ৪৬ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.1.46 in Gujarati sript:
ભૂતસ્થાનાનિ સર્વાણિ રહસ્યં ત્રિવિધં ચ યત્ ।
વેદયોગં સવિજ્ઞાનં ધર્મોઽર્થઃ કામ એવ ચ ॥ ૪૬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.1.46 in Malayalam sript:
ഭൂതസ്ഥാനാനി സര്വാണി രഹസ്യം ത്രിവിധം ച യത് ।
വേദയോഗം സവിജ്ഞാനം ധര്മോഽര്ഥഃ കാമ ഏവ ച ॥ ൪൬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.1.46 in Telugu sript:
భూతస్థానాని సర్వాణి రహస్యం త్రివిధం చ యత్ ।
వేదయోగం సవిజ్ఞానం ధర్మోఽర్థః కామ ఏవ చ ॥ ౪౬ ॥

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