Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

brahmovāca |
hanta vaḥ saṃpravakṣyāmi yanmāṃ pṛcchatha sattamāḥ |
samastamiha tacchrutvā samyagevāvadhāryatām || 1 ||
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ahiṃsā sarvabhūtānāmetatkṛtyatamaṃ matam |
etatpadamanudvignaṃ variṣṭhaṃ dharmalakṣaṇam || 2 ||
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jñānaṃ niḥśreya ityāhurvṛddhā niścayadarśinaḥ |
tasmājjñānena śuddhena mucyate sarvapātakaiḥ || 3 ||
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hiṃsāparāśca ye loke ye ca nāstikavṛttayaḥ |
lobhamohasamāyuktāste vai nirayagāminaḥ || 4 ||
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āśīryuktāni karmāṇi kurvate ye tvatandritāḥ |
te'smiṃlloke pramodante jāyamānāḥ punaḥ punaḥ || 5 ||
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kurvate ye tu karmāṇi śraddadhānā vipaścitaḥ |
anāśīryogasaṃyuktāste dhīrāḥ sādhudarśinaḥ || 6 ||
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ataḥ paraṃ pravakṣyāmi sattvakṣetrajñayoryathā |
saṃyogo viprayogaśca tannibodhata sattamāḥ || 7 ||
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viṣayo viṣayitvaṃ ca saṃbandho'yamihocyate |
viṣayī puruṣo nityaṃ sattvaṃ ca viṣayaḥ smṛtaḥ || 8 ||
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vyākhyātaṃ pūrvakalpena maśakodumbaraṃ yathā |
bhujyamānaṃ na jānīte nityaṃ sattvamacetanam |
yastveva tu vijānīte yo bhuṅkte yaśca bhujyate || 9 ||
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anityaṃ dvaṃdvasaṃyuktaṃ sattvamāhurguṇātmakam |
nirdvaṃdvo niṣkalo nityaḥ kṣetrajño nirguṇātmakaḥ || 10 ||
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samaḥ saṃjñāgatastvevaṃ yadā sarvatra dṛśyate |
upabhuṅkte sadā sattvamāpaḥ puṣkaraparṇavat || 11 ||
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sarvairapi guṇairvidvānvyatiṣakto na lipyate |
jalabinduryathā lolaḥ padminīpatrasaṃsthitaḥ |
evamevāpyasaṃsaktaḥ puruṣaḥ syānna saṃśayaḥ || 12 ||
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dravyamātramabhūtsattvaṃ puruṣasyeti niścayaḥ |
yathā dravyaṃ ca kartā ca saṃyogo'pyanayostathā || 13 ||
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yathā pradīpamādāya kaścittamasi gacchati |
tathā sattvapradīpena gacchanti paramaiṣiṇaḥ || 14 ||
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yāvaddravyaguṇastāvatpradīpaḥ saṃprakāśate |
kṣīṇadravyaguṇaṃ jyotirantardhānāya gacchati || 15 ||
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vyaktaḥ sattvaguṇastvevaṃ puruṣo'vyakta iṣyate |
etadviprā vijānīta hanta bhūyo bravīmi vaḥ || 16 ||
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sahasreṇāpi durmedhā na vṛddhimadhigacchati |
caturthenāpyathāṃśena buddhimānsukhamedhate || 17 ||
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evaṃ dharmasya vijñeyaṃ saṃsādhanamupāyataḥ |
upāyajño hi medhāvī sukhamatyantamaśnute || 18 ||
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yathādhvānamapātheyaḥ prapanno mānavaḥ kvacit |
kleśena yāti mahatā vinaśyatyantarāpi vā || 19 ||
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tathā karmasu vijñeyaṃ phalaṃ bhavati vā na vā |
puruṣasyātmaniḥśreyaḥ śubhāśubhanidarśanam || 20 ||
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yathā ca dīrghamadhvānaṃ padbhyāmeva prapadyate |
adṛṣṭapūrvaṃ sahasā tattvadarśanavarjitaḥ || 21 ||
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tameva ca yathādhvānaṃ rathenehāśugāminā |
yāyādaśvaprayuktena tathā buddhimatāṃ gatiḥ || 22 ||
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uccaṃ parvatamāruhya nānvavekṣeta bhūgatam |
rathena rathinaṃ paśyetkliśyamānamacetanam || 23 ||
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yāvadrathapathastāvadrathena sa tu gacchati |
kṣīṇe rathapathe prājño rathamutsṛjya gacchati || 24 ||
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evaṃ gacchati medhāvī tattvayogavidhānavit |
samājñāya mahābuddhiruttarāduttarottaram || 25 ||
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yathā mahārṇavaṃ ghoramaplavaḥ saṃpragāhate |
bāhubhyāmeva saṃmohādvadhaṃ carcchatyasaṃśayam || 26 ||
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nāvā cāpi yathā prājño vibhāgajñastaritrayā |
aklāntaḥ salilaṃ gāhetkṣipraṃ saṃtarati dhruvam || 27 ||
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tīrṇo gacchetparaṃ pāraṃ nāvamutsṛjya nirmamaḥ |
vyākhyātaṃ pūrvakalpena yathā rathipadātinau || 28 ||
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snehātsaṃmohamāpanno nāvi dāśo yathā tathā |
mamatvenābhibhūtaḥ sa tatraiva parivartate || 29 ||
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nāvaṃ na śakyamāruhya sthale viparivartitum |
tathaiva rathamāruhya nāpsu caryā vidhīyate || 30 ||
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evaṃ karma kṛtaṃ citraṃ viṣayasthaṃ pṛthakpṛthak |
yathā karma kṛtaṃ loke tathā tadupapadyate || 31 ||
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yannaiva gandhino rasyaṃ na rūpasparśaśabdavat |
manyante munayo buddhyā tatpradhānaṃ pracakṣate || 32 ||
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tatra pradhānamavyaktamavyaktasya guṇo mahān |
mahataḥ pradhānabhūtasya guṇo'haṃkāra eva ca || 33 ||
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ahaṃkārapradhānasya mahābhūtakṛto guṇaḥ |
pṛthaktvena hi bhūtānāṃ viṣayā vai guṇāḥ smṛtāḥ || 34 ||
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bījadharmaṃ yathāvyaktaṃ tathaiva prasavātmakam |
bījadharmā mahānātmā prasavaśceti naḥ śrutam || 35 ||
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bījadharmā tvahaṃkāraḥ prasavaśca punaḥ punaḥ |
bījaprasavadharmāṇi mahābhūtāni pañca vai || 36 ||
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bījadharmiṇa ityāhuḥ prasavaṃ ca na kurvate |
viśeṣāḥ pañcabhūtānāṃ teṣāṃ vittaṃ viśeṣaṇam || 37 ||
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tatraikaguṇamākāśaṃ dviguṇo vāyurucyate |
triguṇaṃ jyotirityāhurāpaścāpi caturguṇāḥ || 38 ||
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pṛthvī pañcaguṇā jñeyā trasasthāvarasaṃkulā |
sarvabhūtakarī devī śubhāśubhanidarśanā || 39 ||
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śabdaḥ sparśastathā rūpaṃ raso gandhaśca pañcamaḥ |
ete pañca guṇā bhūmervijñeyā dvijasattamāḥ || 40 ||
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pārthivaśca sadā gandho gandhaśca bahudhā smṛtaḥ |
tasya gandhasya vakṣyāmi vistareṇa bahūnguṇān || 41 ||
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iṣṭaścāniṣṭagandhaśca madhuro'mlaḥ kaṭustathā |
nirhārī saṃhataḥ snigdho rūkṣo viśada eva ca |
evaṃ daśavidho jñeyaḥ pārthivo gandha ityuta || 42 ||
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śabdaḥ sparśastathā rūpaṃ rasaścāpāṃ guṇāḥ smṛtāḥ |
rasajñānaṃ tu vakṣyāmi rasastu bahudhā smṛtaḥ || 43 ||
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madhuro'mlaḥ kaṭustiktaḥ kaṣāyo lavaṇastathā |
evaṃ ṣaḍvidhavistāro raso vārimayaḥ smṛtaḥ || 44 ||
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śabdaḥ sparśastathā rūpaṃ triguṇaṃ jyotirucyate |
jyotiṣaśca guṇo rūpaṃ rūpaṃ ca bahudhā smṛtam || 45 ||
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śuklaṃ kṛṣṇaṃ tathā raktaṃ nīlaṃ pītāruṇaṃ tathā |
hrasvaṃ dīrghaṃ tathā sthūlaṃ caturasrāṇu vṛttakam || 46 ||
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evaṃ dvādaśavistāraṃ tejaso rūpamucyate |
vijñeyaṃ brāhmaṇairnityaṃ dharmajñaiḥ satyavādibhiḥ || 47 ||
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śabdasparśau ca vijñeyau dviguṇo vāyurucyate |
vāyoścāpi guṇaḥ sparśaḥ sparśaśca bahudhā smṛtaḥ || 48 ||
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uṣṇaḥ śītaḥ sukho duḥkhaḥ snigdho viśada eva ca |
kaṭhinaścikkaṇaḥ ślakṣṇaḥ picchilo dāruṇo mṛduḥ || 49 ||
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evaṃ dvādaśavistāro vāyavyo guṇa ucyate |
vidhivadbrahmaṇaiḥ siddhairdharmajñaistattvadarśibhiḥ || 50 ||
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tatraikaguṇamākāśaṃ śabda ityeva ca smṛtaḥ |
tasya śabdasya vakṣyāmi vistareṇa bahūnguṇān || 51 ||
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ṣaḍjarṣabhau ca gāndhāro madhyamaḥ pañcamastathā |
ataḥ paraṃ tu vijñeyo niṣādo dhaivatastathā || 52 ||
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iṣṭo'niṣṭaśca śabdastu saṃhataḥ pravibhāgavān |
evaṃ bahuvidho jñeyaḥ śabda ākāśasaṃbhavaḥ || 53 ||
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ākāśamuttamaṃ bhūtamahaṃkārastataḥ param |
ahaṃkārātparā buddhirbuddherātmā tataḥ paraḥ || 54 ||
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tasmāttu paramavyaktamavyaktātpuruṣaḥ paraḥ |
parāvarajño bhūtānāṃ yaṃ prāpyānantyamaśnute || 55 ||
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Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 49

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!
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