Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 13.51.42

ततस्तौ गविजश्चैव च्यवनश्च भृगूद्वहः ।
वराभ्यामनुरूपाभ्यां छन्दयामासतुर्नृपम् ॥ ४२ ॥

tatastau gavijaścaiva cyavanaśca bhṛgūdvahaḥ |
varābhyāmanurūpābhyāṃ chandayāmāsaturnṛpam || 42 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...unto the deities. The sacred Mantras, Svaha and Vashat, are always established upon kine. Kine are the chief conductresses of sacrifices. They constitute the mouth of sacrifice. They bear and yield excellent and strength-giving nectar. They receive...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.51.42). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Gavi, Cyavana, Bhrigudvaha, Vara, Anurupa, Nripa,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 13.51.42). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tatastau gavijaścaiva cyavanaśca bhṛgūdvahaḥ
  • tatas -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • tau -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • gavi -
  • gavī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    go (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • jaś -
  • ja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • cyavanaś -
  • cyavana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhṛgūdvahaḥ -
  • bhṛgūdvaha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “varābhyāmanurūpābhyāṃ chandayāmāsaturnṛpam
  • varābhyām -
  • vara (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental dual], [dative dual], [ablative dual]
    vara (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental dual], [dative dual], [ablative dual]
    varā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental dual], [dative dual], [ablative dual]
  • anurūpābhyām -
  • anurūpa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental dual], [dative dual], [ablative dual]
    anurūpa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental dual], [dative dual], [ablative dual]
    anurūpā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental dual], [dative dual], [ablative dual]
  • chandayāmā -
  • chand (verb class 10)
    [imperative active first plural]
    chand (verb class 0)
    [imperative active first plural]
  • āsatur -
  • as (verb class 2)
    [perfect active third dual]
    as (verb class 4)
    [perfect active third dual]
  • nṛpam -
  • nṛpa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 13.51.42

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 13.51.42 in Kannada sript:
ತತಸ್ತೌ ಗವಿಜಶ್ಚೈವ ಚ್ಯವನಶ್ಚ ಭೃಗೂದ್ವಹಃ ।
ವರಾಭ್ಯಾಮನುರೂಪಾಭ್ಯಾಂ ಛನ್ದಯಾಮಾಸತುರ್ನೃಪಮ್ ॥ ೪೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 13.51.42 in Bengali sript:
ততস্তৌ গবিজশ্চৈব চ্যবনশ্চ ভৃগূদ্বহঃ ।
বরাভ্যামনুরূপাভ্যাং ছন্দযামাসতুর্নৃপম্ ॥ ৪২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 13.51.42 in Gujarati sript:
તતસ્તૌ ગવિજશ્ચૈવ ચ્યવનશ્ચ ભૃગૂદ્વહઃ ।
વરાભ્યામનુરૂપાભ્યાં છન્દયામાસતુર્નૃપમ્ ॥ ૪૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 13.51.42 in Malayalam sript:
തതസ്തൌ ഗവിജശ്ചൈവ ച്യവനശ്ച ഭൃഗൂദ്വഹഃ ।
വരാഭ്യാമനുരൂപാഭ്യാം ഛന്ദയാമാസതുര്നൃപമ് ॥ ൪൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 13.51.42 in Telugu sript:
తతస్తౌ గవిజశ్చైవ చ్యవనశ్చ భృగూద్వహః ।
వరాభ్యామనురూపాభ్యాం ఛన్దయామాసతుర్నృపమ్ ॥ ౪౨ ॥

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