Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 13.51.43

ततो राजा महावीर्यो नहुषः पृथिवीपतिः ।
परमित्यब्रवीत्प्रीतस्तदा भरतसत्तम ॥ ४३ ॥

tato rājā mahāvīryo nahuṣaḥ pṛthivīpatiḥ |
paramityabravītprītastadā bharatasattama || 43 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...receive the worship of all the worlds and are regarded as the source of nectar. On earth, kine resemble fire in energy and form. Verily, kine represent high energy, and are bestowers of great happiness upon all creatures. That country where kine...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.51.43). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Raja, Mahavirya, Nahusha, Nahus, Prithivipati, Param, Para, Iti, Itya, Prita, Tada, Bharatasattama,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 13.51.43). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tato rājā mahāvīryo nahuṣaḥ pṛthivīpatiḥ
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • rājā* -
  • rāja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    rājā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • mahāvīryo* -
  • mahāvīrya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • nahuṣaḥ -
  • nahuṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    nahus (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • pṛthivīpatiḥ -
  • pṛthivīpati (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “paramityabravītprītastadā bharatasattama
  • param -
  • param (indeclinable)
    para (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    para (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • itya -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    itya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    itya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    i -> itya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √i]
    i -> itya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> itya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]
  • abravīt -
  • brū (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • prītas -
  • prīta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    pre -> prīta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √pre class 2 verb]
    prī -> prīta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √prī class 4 verb], [nominative single from √prī class 9 verb]
  • tadā* -
  • tadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tada (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • bharatasattama -
  • bharatasattama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 13.51.43

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 13.51.43 in Kannada sript:
ತತೋ ರಾಜಾ ಮಹಾವೀರ್ಯೋ ನಹುಷಃ ಪೃಥಿವೀಪತಿಃ ।
ಪರಮಿತ್ಯಬ್ರವೀತ್ಪ್ರೀತಸ್ತದಾ ಭರತಸತ್ತಮ ॥ ೪೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 13.51.43 in Bengali sript:
ততো রাজা মহাবীর্যো নহুষঃ পৃথিবীপতিঃ ।
পরমিত্যব্রবীত্প্রীতস্তদা ভরতসত্তম ॥ ৪৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 13.51.43 in Gujarati sript:
તતો રાજા મહાવીર્યો નહુષઃ પૃથિવીપતિઃ ।
પરમિત્યબ્રવીત્પ્રીતસ્તદા ભરતસત્તમ ॥ ૪૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 13.51.43 in Malayalam sript:
തതോ രാജാ മഹാവീര്യോ നഹുഷഃ പൃഥിവീപതിഃ ।
പരമിത്യബ്രവീത്പ്രീതസ്തദാ ഭരതസത്തമ ॥ ൪൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 13.51.43 in Telugu sript:
తతో రాజా మహావీర్యో నహుషః పృథివీపతిః ।
పరమిత్యబ్రవీత్ప్రీతస్తదా భరతసత్తమ ॥ ౪౩ ॥

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