Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.233.8

कर्मणा जायते प्रेत्य मूर्तिमान्षोडशात्मकः ।
विद्यया जायते नित्यमव्ययो ह्यव्ययात्मकः ॥ ८ ॥

karmaṇā jāyate pretya mūrtimānṣoḍaśātmakaḥ |
vidyayā jāyate nityamavyayo hyavyayātmakaḥ || 8 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...austerities. He used to perform ablutions morning and evening. Carefully tending his fires, he was devoted to the study of the Vedas. Well-conversant with the duties laid down for forest recluses, Jajali (in...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.233.8). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Karman, Jayat, Pretya, Murtimat, Shodashatmaka, Vidya, Nityam, Nitya, Avyaya, Avyayatman, Kah,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.233.8). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “karmaṇā jāyate pretya mūrtimānṣoḍaśātmakaḥ
  • karmaṇā -
  • karman (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • jāyate -
  • jai -> jāyat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √jai class 1 verb]
    jai -> jāyat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √jai class 1 verb]
    jai (verb class 1)
    [present middle third single]
    jan (verb class 4)
    [present middle third single]
  • pretya -
  • pretya (indeclinable)
  • mūrtimān -
  • mūrtimat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ṣoḍaśātmakaḥ -
  • ṣoḍaśātmaka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “vidyayā jāyate nityamavyayo hyavyayātmakaḥ
  • vidyayā -
  • vidyā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • jāyate -
  • jai -> jāyat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √jai class 1 verb]
    jai -> jāyat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √jai class 1 verb]
    jai (verb class 1)
    [present middle third single]
    jan (verb class 4)
    [present middle third single]
  • nityam -
  • nityam (indeclinable)
    nitya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nitya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nityā (noun, feminine)
  • avyayo* -
  • avyaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vyā (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active second single]
    vyay (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active second single]
  • hya -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • avyayātma -
  • avyayātman (noun, masculine)
    avyayātman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • kaḥ -
  • kaḥ (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    ka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.233.8

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.233.8 in Kannada sript:
ಕರ್ಮಣಾ ಜಾಯತೇ ಪ್ರೇತ್ಯ ಮೂರ್ತಿಮಾನ್ಷೋಡಶಾತ್ಮಕಃ ।
ವಿದ್ಯಯಾ ಜಾಯತೇ ನಿತ್ಯಮವ್ಯಯೋ ಹ್ಯವ್ಯಯಾತ್ಮಕಃ ॥ ೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.233.8 in Bengali sript:
কর্মণা জাযতে প্রেত্য মূর্তিমান্ষোডশাত্মকঃ ।
বিদ্যযা জাযতে নিত্যমব্যযো হ্যব্যযাত্মকঃ ॥ ৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.233.8 in Gujarati sript:
કર્મણા જાયતે પ્રેત્ય મૂર્તિમાન્ષોડશાત્મકઃ ।
વિદ્યયા જાયતે નિત્યમવ્યયો હ્યવ્યયાત્મકઃ ॥ ૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.233.8 in Malayalam sript:
കര്മണാ ജായതേ പ്രേത്യ മൂര്തിമാന്ഷോഡശാത്മകഃ ।
വിദ്യയാ ജായതേ നിത്യമവ്യയോ ഹ്യവ്യയാത്മകഃ ॥ ൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 12.233.8 in Telugu sript:
కర్మణా జాయతే ప్రేత్య మూర్తిమాన్షోడశాత్మకః ।
విద్యయా జాయతే నిత్యమవ్యయో హ్యవ్యయాత్మకః ॥ ౮ ॥

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