Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.233.9

कर्म त्वेके प्रशंसन्ति स्वल्पबुद्धितरा नराः ।
तेन ते देहजालानि रमयन्त उपासते ॥ ९ ॥

karma tveke praśaṃsanti svalpabuddhitarā narāḥ |
tena te dehajālāni ramayanta upāsate || 9 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...consequence of his practices) seemed to blaze with effulgence.{GL_NOTE:175294:} He continued to live in the woods, engaged all the while in penances. But he never regarded himself as one that had acquired any...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.233.9). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Karman, Tva, Eka, Prashamsat, Prashamsanti, Svalpa, Tara, Taras, Nara, Tad, Tena, Yushmad, Dehaja, Ala, Ramayat, Upa, Asat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.233.9). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “karma tveke praśaṃsanti svalpabuddhitarā narāḥ
  • karma -
  • karman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • tve -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    tva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    tva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    tvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • eke -
  • eka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    eka (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    ekā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • praśaṃsanti -
  • praśaṃsantī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    praśaṃsantī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    praśaṃsantī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    praśaṃsat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • svalpa -
  • svalpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    svalpa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • buddhi -
  • buddhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • tarā* -
  • tara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    tarā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    taras (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • narāḥ -
  • nara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    narā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “tena te dehajālāni ramayanta upāsate
  • tena -
  • tena (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    tan (verb class 8)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • dehajā -
  • dehaja (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • alāni -
  • ala (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    al (verb class 1)
    [imperative active first single]
  • ramayanta* -
  • ram -> ramayat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √ram], [vocative plural from √ram]
  • upā -
  • upā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    upa (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    upa (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    upa (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • asate -
  • asat (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    asat (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.233.9

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.233.9 in Kannada sript:
ಕರ್ಮ ತ್ವೇಕೇ ಪ್ರಶಂಸನ್ತಿ ಸ್ವಲ್ಪಬುದ್ಧಿತರಾ ನರಾಃ ।
ತೇನ ತೇ ದೇಹಜಾಲಾನಿ ರಮಯನ್ತ ಉಪಾಸತೇ ॥ ೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.233.9 in Bengali sript:
কর্ম ত্বেকে প্রশংসন্তি স্বল্পবুদ্ধিতরা নরাঃ ।
তেন তে দেহজালানি রমযন্ত উপাসতে ॥ ৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.233.9 in Gujarati sript:
કર્મ ત્વેકે પ્રશંસન્તિ સ્વલ્પબુદ્ધિતરા નરાઃ ।
તેન તે દેહજાલાનિ રમયન્ત ઉપાસતે ॥ ૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.233.9 in Malayalam sript:
കര്മ ത്വേകേ പ്രശംസന്തി സ്വല്പബുദ്ധിതരാ നരാഃ ।
തേന തേ ദേഹജാലാനി രമയന്ത ഉപാസതേ ॥ ൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.233.9 in Telugu sript:
కర్మ త్వేకే ప్రశంసన్తి స్వల్పబుద్ధితరా నరాః ।
తేన తే దేహజాలాని రమయన్త ఉపాసతే ॥ ౯ ॥

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