Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.149.58

मोक्षधर्माश्रितैर्वाक्यैर्हेतुमद्भिरनिष्ठुरैः ।
मयोक्ता गच्छत क्षिप्रं स्वं स्वमेव निवेशनम् ॥ ५८ ॥

mokṣadharmāśritairvākyairhetumadbhiraniṣṭhuraiḥ |
mayoktā gacchata kṣipraṃ svaṃ svameva niveśanam || 58 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...among Brahmanas took as much wealth as each desired. Worshipped with those costly jewels and gems, those best of Brahmanas, attired in excellent robes, became filled with delight. Once more, the Rakshasa king...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.149.58). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Mokshadharma, Ashrita, Vakya, Hetumat, Anishthura, Maya, Mayu, Asmad, Ukta, Kshipram, Kshipra, Sva, Eva, Niveshana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.149.58). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “mokṣadharmāśritairvākyairhetumadbhiraniṣṭhuraiḥ
  • mokṣadharmā -
  • mokṣadharma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • aśritair -
  • aśrita (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    aśrita (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • vākyair -
  • vākya (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
    vac -> vākya (participle, masculine)
    [instrumental plural from √vac class 2 verb], [instrumental plural from √vac class 3 verb]
    vac -> vākya (participle, neuter)
    [instrumental plural from √vac class 2 verb], [instrumental plural from √vac class 3 verb]
    vak -> vākya (participle, masculine)
    [instrumental plural from √vak class 1 verb]
    vak -> vākya (participle, neuter)
    [instrumental plural from √vak class 1 verb]
  • hetumadbhir -
  • hetumat (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    hetumat (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • aniṣṭhuraiḥ -
  • aniṣṭhura (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    aniṣṭhura (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • Line 2: “mayoktā gacchata kṣipraṃ svaṃ svameva niveśanam
  • mayo -
  • maya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    mayā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    mayu (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [instrumental single]
    (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
    may (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
    (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • uktā* -
  • ukta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    uktā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    vac -> ukta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √vac class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √vac class 2 verb], [nominative plural from √vac class 3 verb], [vocative plural from √vac class 3 verb]
    vac -> uktā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √vac class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √vac class 2 verb], [accusative plural from √vac class 2 verb], [nominative plural from √vac class 3 verb], [vocative plural from √vac class 3 verb], [accusative plural from √vac class 3 verb]
  • gacchata -
  • gam (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second plural]
  • kṣipram -
  • kṣipram (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kṣipra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kṣipra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kṣiprā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • svam -
  • sva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    svan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    svan (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
    sva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • svam -
  • sva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    svan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    svan (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
    sva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • niveśanam -
  • niveśana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    niveśana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.149.58

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.149.58 in Kannada sript:
ಮೋಕ್ಷಧರ್ಮಾಶ್ರಿತೈರ್ವಾಕ್ಯೈರ್ಹೇತುಮದ್ಭಿರನಿಷ್ಠುರೈಃ ।
ಮಯೋಕ್ತಾ ಗಚ್ಛತ ಕ್ಷಿಪ್ರಂ ಸ್ವಂ ಸ್ವಮೇವ ನಿವೇಶನಮ್ ॥ ೫೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.149.58 in Bengali sript:
মোক্ষধর্মাশ্রিতৈর্বাক্যৈর্হেতুমদ্ভিরনিষ্ঠুরৈঃ ।
মযোক্তা গচ্ছত ক্ষিপ্রং স্বং স্বমেব নিবেশনম্ ॥ ৫৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.149.58 in Gujarati sript:
મોક્ષધર્માશ્રિતૈર્વાક્યૈર્હેતુમદ્ભિરનિષ્ઠુરૈઃ ।
મયોક્તા ગચ્છત ક્ષિપ્રં સ્વં સ્વમેવ નિવેશનમ્ ॥ ૫૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.149.58 in Malayalam sript:
മോക്ഷധര്മാശ്രിതൈര്വാക്യൈര്ഹേതുമദ്ഭിരനിഷ്ഠുരൈഃ ।
മയോക്താ ഗച്ഛത ക്ഷിപ്രം സ്വം സ്വമേവ നിവേശനമ് ॥ ൫൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.149.58 in Telugu sript:
మోక్షధర్మాశ్రితైర్వాక్యైర్హేతుమద్భిరనిష్ఠురైః ।
మయోక్తా గచ్ఛత క్షిప్రం స్వం స్వమేవ నివేశనమ్ ॥ ౫౮ ॥

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