Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.149.59

प्रज्ञाविज्ञानयुक्तेन बुद्धिसंज्ञाप्रदायिना ।
वचनं श्राविता रूक्षं मानुषाः संनिवर्तत ॥ ५९ ॥

prajñāvijñānayuktena buddhisaṃjñāpradāyinā |
vacanaṃ śrāvitā rūkṣaṃ mānuṣāḥ saṃnivartata || 59 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...king, having restrained the Rakshasas that had come to his palace from diverse lands, addressed those Brahmanas and said, 'This one day, you regenerate ones, you need have no fear from the Rakshasas here. Sport...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.149.59). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Prajna, Avijnana, Yukta, Sanjna, Pradayin, Vacana, Shravita, Ruksha, Manusha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.149.59). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “prajñāvijñānayuktena buddhisaṃjñāpradāyinā
  • prajñā -
  • prajña (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prajña (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prajñā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • avijñāna -
  • avijñāna (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    avijñāna (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yuktena -
  • yukta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    yukta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    yuj -> yukta (participle, masculine)
    [instrumental single from √yuj class 7 verb]
    yuj -> yukta (participle, neuter)
    [instrumental single from √yuj class 7 verb]
  • buddhi -
  • buddhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • sañjñā -
  • sañjñā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • pradāyinā -
  • pradāyin (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    pradāyin (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • Line 2: “vacanaṃ śrāvitā rūkṣaṃ mānuṣāḥ saṃnivartata
  • vacanam -
  • vacana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vacana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vacanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • śrāvitā* -
  • śrāvita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    śrāvitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    śru -> śrāvita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √śru], [vocative plural from √śru]
    śru -> śrāvitā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √śru], [vocative plural from √śru], [accusative plural from √śru]
  • rūkṣam -
  • rūkṣa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    rūkṣa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    rūkṣā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • mānuṣāḥ -
  • mānuṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • saṃni -
  • saṃni (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • vartata -
  • vṛt (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.149.59

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.149.59 in Kannada sript:
ಪ್ರಜ್ಞಾವಿಜ್ಞಾನಯುಕ್ತೇನ ಬುದ್ಧಿಸಂಜ್ಞಾಪ್ರದಾಯಿನಾ ।
ವಚನಂ ಶ್ರಾವಿತಾ ರೂಕ್ಷಂ ಮಾನುಷಾಃ ಸಂನಿವರ್ತತ ॥ ೫೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.149.59 in Bengali sript:
প্রজ্ঞাবিজ্ঞানযুক্তেন বুদ্ধিসংজ্ঞাপ্রদাযিনা ।
বচনং শ্রাবিতা রূক্ষং মানুষাঃ সংনিবর্তত ॥ ৫৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.149.59 in Gujarati sript:
પ્રજ્ઞાવિજ્ઞાનયુક્તેન બુદ્ધિસંજ્ઞાપ્રદાયિના ।
વચનં શ્રાવિતા રૂક્ષં માનુષાઃ સંનિવર્તત ॥ ૫૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.149.59 in Malayalam sript:
പ്രജ്ഞാവിജ്ഞാനയുക്തേന ബുദ്ധിസംജ്ഞാപ്രദായിനാ ।
വചനം ശ്രാവിതാ രൂക്ഷം മാനുഷാഃ സംനിവര്തത ॥ ൫൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.149.59 in Telugu sript:
ప్రజ్ఞావిజ్ఞానయుక్తేన బుద్ధిసంజ్ఞాప్రదాయినా ।
వచనం శ్రావితా రూక్షం మానుషాః సంనివర్తత ॥ ౫౯ ॥

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