Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.17.14

पन्थानौ पितृयानश्च देवयानश्च विश्रुतौ ।
ईजानाः पितृयानेन देवयानेन मोक्षिणः ॥ १४ ॥

panthānau pitṛyānaśca devayānaśca viśrutau |
ījānāḥ pitṛyānena devayānena mokṣiṇaḥ || 14 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...learned is that that religion which consists in not injuring any creature is worthy of the approbation of the righteous. Abstention from injury, truthfulness of speech, justice, compassion, self-restraint, procreation...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.17.14). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Pathin, Panthana, Pitriyana, Devayana, Vishruta, Vishruti, Ijana, Mokshin,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.17.14). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “panthānau pitṛyānaśca devayānaśca viśrutau
  • panthānau -
  • pathin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    panthāna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • pitṛyānaś -
  • pitṛyāna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • devayānaś -
  • devayāna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • viśrutau -
  • viśruta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    viśruti (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • Line 2: “ījānāḥ pitṛyānena devayānena mokṣiṇaḥ
  • ījānāḥ -
  • ījāna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    ījānā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    īj -> ījāna (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √īj class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √īj class 1 verb]
    īj -> ījānā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √īj class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √īj class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √īj class 1 verb]
    yaj -> ījāna (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √yaj class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √yaj class 1 verb]
    yaj -> ījānā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √yaj class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √yaj class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √yaj class 1 verb]
  • pitṛyānena -
  • pitṛyāna (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    pitṛyāna (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • devayānena -
  • devayāna (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    devayāna (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • mokṣiṇaḥ -
  • mokṣin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    mokṣin (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.17.14

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.17.14 in Kannada sript:
ಪನ್ಥಾನೌ ಪಿತೃಯಾನಶ್ಚ ದೇವಯಾನಶ್ಚ ವಿಶ್ರುತೌ ।
ಈಜಾನಾಃ ಪಿತೃಯಾನೇನ ದೇವಯಾನೇನ ಮೋಕ್ಷಿಣಃ ॥ ೧೪ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.17.14 in Bengali sript:
পন্থানৌ পিতৃযানশ্চ দেবযানশ্চ বিশ্রুতৌ ।
ঈজানাঃ পিতৃযানেন দেবযানেন মোক্ষিণঃ ॥ ১৪ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.17.14 in Gujarati sript:
પન્થાનૌ પિતૃયાનશ્ચ દેવયાનશ્ચ વિશ્રુતૌ ।
ઈજાનાઃ પિતૃયાનેન દેવયાનેન મોક્ષિણઃ ॥ ૧૪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.17.14 in Malayalam sript:
പന്ഥാനൌ പിതൃയാനശ്ച ദേവയാനശ്ച വിശ്രുതൌ ।
ഈജാനാഃ പിതൃയാനേന ദേവയാനേന മോക്ഷിണഃ ॥ ൧൪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.17.14 in Telugu sript:
పన్థానౌ పితృయానశ్చ దేవయానశ్చ విశ్రుతౌ ।
ఈజానాః పితృయానేన దేవయానేన మోక్షిణః ॥ ౧౪ ॥

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