Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.17.15

तपसा ब्रह्मचर्येण स्वाध्यायेन च पाविताः ।
विमुच्य देहान्वै भान्ति मृत्योरविषयं गताः ॥ १५ ॥

tapasā brahmacaryeṇa svādhyāyena ca pāvitāḥ |
vimucya dehānvai bhānti mṛtyoraviṣayaṃ gatāḥ || 15 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...procreation (of offspring) upon one’s own wives, amiability, modesty, patience,—the practice of these is the best of a religions as said by the self-create Manu himself. Therefore, O son of Kunti, do you observe...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.17.15). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tapasa, Brahmacarya, Svadhyaya, Pavita, Deha, Mriti, Mrityu, Avishaya, Gata,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.17.15). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tapasā brahmacaryeṇa svādhyāyena ca pāvitāḥ
  • tapasā* -
  • tapasa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • brahmacaryeṇa -
  • brahmacarya (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • svādhyāyena -
  • svādhyāya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    svādhyāya (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pāvitāḥ -
  • pāvita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    pāvitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    -> pāvita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √], [vocative plural from √]
    -> pāvitā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √], [vocative plural from √], [accusative plural from √]
  • Line 2: “vimucya dehānvai bhānti mṛtyoraviṣayaṃ gatāḥ
  • vimucya -
  • dehān -
  • deha (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • vai -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative middle first single]
  • bhānti -
  • bhā (verb class 2)
    [present active third plural]
  • mṛtyor -
  • mṛti (noun, feminine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    mṛtyu (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • aviṣayam -
  • aviṣaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    aviṣaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    aviṣayā (noun, feminine)
  • gatāḥ -
  • gata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    gatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.17.15

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.17.15 in Kannada sript:
ತಪಸಾ ಬ್ರಹ್ಮಚರ್ಯೇಣ ಸ್ವಾಧ್ಯಾಯೇನ ಚ ಪಾವಿತಾಃ ।
ವಿಮುಚ್ಯ ದೇಹಾನ್ವೈ ಭಾನ್ತಿ ಮೃತ್ಯೋರವಿಷಯಂ ಗತಾಃ ॥ ೧೫ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.17.15 in Bengali sript:
তপসা ব্রহ্মচর্যেণ স্বাধ্যাযেন চ পাবিতাঃ ।
বিমুচ্য দেহান্বৈ ভান্তি মৃত্যোরবিষযং গতাঃ ॥ ১৫ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.17.15 in Gujarati sript:
તપસા બ્રહ્મચર્યેણ સ્વાધ્યાયેન ચ પાવિતાઃ ।
વિમુચ્ય દેહાન્વૈ ભાન્તિ મૃત્યોરવિષયં ગતાઃ ॥ ૧૫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.17.15 in Malayalam sript:
തപസാ ബ്രഹ്മചര്യേണ സ്വാധ്യായേന ച പാവിതാഃ ।
വിമുച്യ ദേഹാന്വൈ ഭാന്തി മൃത്യോരവിഷയം ഗതാഃ ॥ ൧൫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 12.17.15 in Telugu sript:
తపసా బ్రహ్మచర్యేణ స్వాధ్యాయేన చ పావితాః ।
విముచ్య దేహాన్వై భాన్తి మృత్యోరవిషయం గతాః ॥ ౧౫ ॥

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