Pitriyana, Pitṛyāna, Pitṛyāṇa, Pitri-yana: 8 definitions
Pitriyana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Pitṛyāna and Pitṛyāṇa can be transliterated into English as Pitryana or Pitriyana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)
Pitṛyāna (पितृयान) refers to “voyage on the path of the forefathers”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Institute of Buddhist Studies: Buddhist Forum, Volume 4 (itihasa)
Pitṛyāna (पितृयान).—The path to the underworld of the ancestors through the gateway of death is called the Pitṛyāna; from the epic period onwards this is increasingly seen as contrasting with the Devayāna which involves liberation from existence through wisdom (jñāna). This division into ancestral (lunar) and divine (solar) ‘vehicles’ corresponds to the two sects Śaiva and Vaiṣṇava: “Devayāna is Viṣṇu’s path, the path of the Pitṛyāna is dark; these are the two paths after death—the one leading upwards, the other below” (Mahābhārata XII, 315.30).
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Pitṛyāṇa (पितृयाण, the ‘way of the fathers’) mentioned in the Rigveda and later, is opposed to the Devayāna, or ‘way of the gods’. Tilak considers that the Devayāna corresponds with the Uttarāyaṇa, ‘northern journey’ of the sun, and the Pitṛyāṇa with the Dakṣiṇāyana, its ‘southern journey’.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Institute of Buddhist Studies: Buddhist Forum, Volume 4 (buddhism)
Pitṛyāna (पितृयान, “ancestral vehicle”).—Buddhism in its earlier forms as a means for preventing rebirth through wisdom is a type of devayāna (divine vehicle) opposed to that which encourages continued transmigration. Encouragement for continued existence is provided by practices of the pitṛyāna (ancestral vehicle) type—practices which are sacrificial, which express gratitude for life, which generate more karma and rebirth, and which fuel saṃsāra.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Pitṛyāna (पितृयान).—the way of the Manes (to their world).
Derivable forms: pitṛyānam (पितृयानम्).
Pitṛyāna is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pitṛ and yāna (यान).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pitṛyāṇa (पितृयाण).—n. (ṇaṃ) The carriage of the manes, a car to convey holy persons after their decease to heaven. E. pitṛ a progenitor, and yāna a vehicle. pitaro yānti anena yā-karaṇe lyuṭ saṃjñātvāt ṇatvam .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pitṛyāna (पितृयान).—m. the way of the Manes, leading to the Manes, Mahābhārata 12, 525,
Pitṛyāna is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pitṛ and yāna (यान).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pitṛyāṇa (पितृयाण).—[adjective] trodden by the Manes; [masculine] the path trodden by or leading to the Manes.
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Pitṛyāna (पितृयान).—[adjective] trodden by the Manes; [masculine] the path trodden by or leading to the Manes.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 12 books and stories containing Pitriyana, Pitṛ-yāṇa, Pitṛ-yāna, Pitr-yana, Pitri-yana, Pitryana, Pitṛyāna, Pitṛyāṇa; (plurals include: Pitriyanas, yāṇas, yānas, yanas, Pitryanas, Pitṛyānas, Pitṛyāṇas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)
Verse 8.26 < [Chapter 8 - Tāraka-brahma-yoga (the Yoga of Absolute Deliverance)]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Brahma Sutras (Shankara Bhashya) (by Swami Vireshwarananda)
Satapatha Brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)
Kāṇḍa XIII, adhyāya 8, brāhmaṇa 3 < [Thirteenth Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa XII, adhyāya 8, brāhmaṇa 1 < [Twelfth Kāṇḍa]
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 15 - Instructions for Civilized Human Beings < [Canto VII - The Science of God]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)