Pitriyana, Pitṛyāna, Pitṛyāṇa, Pitri-yana: 8 definitions

Introduction

Pitriyana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Pitṛyāna and Pitṛyāṇa can be transliterated into English as Pitryana or Pitriyana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Pitṛyāna (पितृयान) refers to “voyage on the path of the forefathers”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (P) next»] — Pitriyana in Purana glossary
Source: Institute of Buddhist Studies: Buddhist Forum, Volume 4 (itihasa)

Pitṛyāna (पितृयान).—The path to the underworld of the ancestors through the gateway of death is called the Pitṛyāna; from the epic period onwards this is increasingly seen as contrasting with the Devayāna which involves liberation from existence through wisdom (jñāna). This division into ancestral (lunar) and divine (solar) ‘vehicles’ corresponds to the two sects Śaiva and Vaiṣṇava: “Devayāna is Viṣṇu’s path, the path of the Pitṛyāna is dark; these are the two paths after death—the one leading upwards, the other below” (Mahābhārata XII, 315.30).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (P) next»] — Pitriyana in Hinduism glossary
Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Pitṛyāṇa (पितृयाण, the ‘way of the fathers’) mentioned in the Rigveda and later, is opposed to the Devayāna, or ‘way of the gods’. Tilak considers that the Devayāna corresponds with the Uttarāyaṇa, ‘northern journey’ of the sun, and the Pitṛyāṇa with the Dakṣiṇāyana, its ‘southern journey’.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous (P) next»] — Pitriyana in Buddhism glossary
Source: Institute of Buddhist Studies: Buddhist Forum, Volume 4 (buddhism)

Pitṛyāna (पितृयान, “ancestral vehicle”).—Buddhism in its earlier forms as a means for preventing rebirth through wisdom is a type of devayāna (divine vehicle) opposed to that which encourages continued transmigration. Encouragement for continued existence is provided by practices of the pitṛyāna (ancestral vehicle) type—practices which are sacrificial, which express gratitude for life, which generate more karma and rebirth, and which fuel saṃsāra.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Pitriyana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pitṛyāna (पितृयान).—the way of the Manes (to their world).

Derivable forms: pitṛyānam (पितृयानम्).

Pitṛyāna is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pitṛ and yāna (यान).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pitṛyāṇa (पितृयाण).—n. (ṇaṃ) The carriage of the manes, a car to convey holy persons after their decease to heaven. E. pitṛ a progenitor, and yāna a vehicle. pitaro yānti anena yā-karaṇe lyuṭ saṃjñātvāt ṇatvam .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pitṛyāna (पितृयान).—m. the way of the Manes, leading to the Manes, Mahābhārata 12, 525,

Pitṛyāna is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pitṛ and yāna (यान).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pitṛyāṇa (पितृयाण).—[adjective] trodden by the Manes; [masculine] the path trodden by or leading to the Manes.

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Pitṛyāna (पितृयान).—[adjective] trodden by the Manes; [masculine] the path trodden by or leading to the Manes.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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