Pitriyana, aka: Pitṛyāna, Pitṛyāṇa, Pitri-yana; 4 Definition(s)
Pitriyana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Pitṛyāna and Pitṛyāṇa can be transliterated into English as Pitryana or Pitriyana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Itihasa (narrative history)
Pitṛyāna (पितृयान).—The path to the underworld of the ancestors through the gateway of death is called the Pitṛyāna; from the epic period onwards this is increasingly seen as contrasting with the Devayāna which involves liberation from existence through wisdom (jñāna). This division into ancestral (lunar) and divine (solar) ‘vehicles’ corresponds to the two sects Śaiva and Vaiṣṇava: “Devayāna is Viṣṇu’s path, the path of the Pitṛyāna is dark; these are the two paths after death—the one leading upwards, the other below” (Mahābhārata XII, 315.30).(Source): Institute of Buddhist Studies: Buddhist Forum, Volume 4 (itihasa)
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
General definition (in Hinduism)
Pitṛyāṇa (पितृयाण, the ‘way of the fathers’) mentioned in the Rigveda and later, is opposed to the Devayāna, or ‘way of the gods’. Tilak considers that the Devayāna corresponds with the Uttarāyaṇa, ‘northern journey’ of the sun, and the Pitṛyāṇa with the Dakṣiṇāyana, its ‘southern journey’.(Source): archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
General definition (in Buddhism)
Pitṛyāna (पितृयान, “ancestral vehicle”).—Buddhism in its earlier forms as a means for preventing rebirth through wisdom is a type of devayāna (divine vehicle) opposed to that which encourages continued transmigration. Encouragement for continued existence is provided by practices of the pitṛyāna (ancestral vehicle) type—practices which are sacrificial, which express gratitude for life, which generate more karma and rebirth, and which fuel saṃsāra.(Source): Institute of Buddhist Studies: Buddhist Forum, Volume 4 (buddhism)
Languages of India and abroad
Pitṛyāna (पितृयान).—the way of the Manes (to their world).
Derivable forms: pitṛyānam (पितृयानम्).
Pitṛyāna is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pitṛ and yāna (यान).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 10 books and stories containing Pitriyana, Pitṛyāna, Pitṛyāṇa or Pitri-yana. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Brahma Sutras (Shankara Bhashya) (by Swami Vireshwarananda)
Satapatha Brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)
Kāṇḍa XIII, adhyāya 8, brāhmaṇa 3 < [Thirteenth Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa XII, adhyāya 8, brāhmaṇa 1 < [Twelfth Kāṇḍa]
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 15 - Instructions for Civilized Human Beings < [Canto VII - The Science of God]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 13 - Doctrine of Transmigration < [Chapter III - The Earlier Upaniṣads (700 B.c.— 600 B.c.)]