Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 10.8.48

ततः परमसंक्रुद्धः पितुर्वधमनुस्मरन् ।
अवरुह्य रथोपस्थात्त्वरमाणोऽभिदुद्रुवे ॥ ४८ ॥

tataḥ paramasaṃkruddhaḥ piturvadhamanusmaran |
avaruhya rathopasthāttvaramāṇo'bhidudruve || 48 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...dreadful battle, struck Prativindhya in the abdomen, at which the latter, O king, deprived of life, fell down on the Earth. The valiant Sutasoma, having pierced...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (10.8.48). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Parama, Sankruddha, Pitri, Pitu, Vadha, Anu, Smarat, Avaruhya, Rathopastha, Tvaramana, Abhi,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 10.8.48). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tataḥ paramasaṃkruddhaḥ piturvadhamanusmaran
  • tataḥ -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • parama -
  • parama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    parama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • saṅkruddhaḥ -
  • saṅkruddha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pitur -
  • pitṛ (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    pitu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vadham -
  • vadha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vadhā (noun, feminine)
  • anu -
  • anu (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    anu (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    anu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    anu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    anu (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • smaran -
  • smṛ -> smarat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √smṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √smṛ class 1 verb]
  • Line 2: “avaruhya rathopasthāttvaramāṇo'bhidudruve
  • avaruhya -
  • avaruhya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    avaruhya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rathopasthāt -
  • rathopastha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • tvaramāṇo' -
  • tvar -> tvaramāṇa (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tvar class 1 verb]
  • abhi -
  • abhi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    abhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhī (noun, masculine)
    abhī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhī (noun, feminine)
    abhi (Preverb)
  • dudruve -
  • dru (verb class 5)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    drū (verb class 5)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    drū (verb class 9)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 10.8.48

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 10.8.48 in Kannada sript:
ತತಃ ಪರಮಸಂಕ್ರುದ್ಧಃ ಪಿತುರ್ವಧಮನುಸ್ಮರನ್ ।
ಅವರುಹ್ಯ ರಥೋಪಸ್ಥಾತ್ತ್ವರಮಾಣೋಽಭಿದುದ್ರುವೇ ॥ ೪೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 10.8.48 in Bengali sript:
ততঃ পরমসংক্রুদ্ধঃ পিতুর্বধমনুস্মরন্ ।
অবরুহ্য রথোপস্থাত্ত্বরমাণোঽভিদুদ্রুবে ॥ ৪৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 10.8.48 in Gujarati sript:
તતઃ પરમસંક્રુદ્ધઃ પિતુર્વધમનુસ્મરન્ ।
અવરુહ્ય રથોપસ્થાત્ત્વરમાણોઽભિદુદ્રુવે ॥ ૪૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 10.8.48 in Malayalam sript:
തതഃ പരമസംക്രുദ്ധഃ പിതുര്വധമനുസ്മരന് ।
അവരുഹ്യ രഥോപസ്ഥാത്ത്വരമാണോഽഭിദുദ്രുവേ ॥ ൪൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 10.8.48 in Telugu sript:
తతః పరమసంక్రుద్ధః పితుర్వధమనుస్మరన్ ।
అవరుహ్య రథోపస్థాత్త్వరమాణోఽభిదుద్రువే ॥ ౪౮ ॥

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