Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 9.11.19

निवृत्य तु महावीर्यौ समुच्छ्रितगदावुभौ ।
पुनरन्तरमार्गस्थौ मण्डलानि विचेरतुः ॥ १९ ॥

nivṛtya tu mahāvīryau samucchritagadāvubhau |
punarantaramārgasthau maṇḍalāni viceratuḥ || 19 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Bhojas then slew the brown steeds of Bhimasena’s car in that encounter. The steedless son of Pandu, alighting from his car, began to fight with his mace, like the...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.11.19). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Mahavirya, Samucchrita, Gada, Gadi, Ubha, Punar, Antaramarga, Tha, Mandala, Vici,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 9.11.19). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “nivṛtya tu mahāvīryau samucchritagadāvubhau
  • nivṛtya -
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • mahāvīryau -
  • mahāvīrya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • samucchrita -
  • samucchrita (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    samucchrita (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gadāvu -
  • gada (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    gadi (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • ubhau -
  • ubha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 2: “punarantaramārgasthau maṇḍalāni viceratuḥ
  • punar -
  • punar (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    punar (indeclinable)
  • antaramārgas -
  • antaramārga (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • thau -
  • tha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • maṇḍalāni -
  • maṇḍala (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vicer -
  • vici (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • ra -
  • ra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tuḥ -
  • tur (noun, masculine)
    tur (noun, neuter)

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 9.11.19

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 9.11.19 in Kannada sript:
ನಿವೃತ್ಯ ತು ಮಹಾವೀರ್ಯೌ ಸಮುಚ್ಛ್ರಿತಗದಾವುಭೌ ।
ಪುನರನ್ತರಮಾರ್ಗಸ್ಥೌ ಮಣ್ಡಲಾನಿ ವಿಚೇರತುಃ ॥ ೧೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 9.11.19 in Bengali sript:
নিবৃত্য তু মহাবীর্যৌ সমুচ্ছ্রিতগদাবুভৌ ।
পুনরন্তরমার্গস্থৌ মণ্ডলানি বিচেরতুঃ ॥ ১৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 9.11.19 in Gujarati sript:
નિવૃત્ય તુ મહાવીર્યૌ સમુચ્છ્રિતગદાવુભૌ ।
પુનરન્તરમાર્ગસ્થૌ મણ્ડલાનિ વિચેરતુઃ ॥ ૧૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 9.11.19 in Malayalam sript:
നിവൃത്യ തു മഹാവീര്യൌ സമുച്ഛ്രിതഗദാവുഭൌ ।
പുനരന്തരമാര്ഗസ്ഥൌ മണ്ഡലാനി വിചേരതുഃ ॥ ൧൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 9.11.19 in Telugu sript:
నివృత్య తు మహావీర్యౌ సముచ్ఛ్రితగదావుభౌ ।
పునరన్తరమార్గస్థౌ మణ్డలాని విచేరతుః ॥ ౧౯ ॥

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