Harivamsa [text] [sanskrit]

76,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Harivamsa, an important addition to the larger epic Mahabharata, existing in several editions. The text deals with the ancient Indian Solar and Lunar dynasties leading and recounts the history of Krishna.

janamejaya uvāca |
bhagavañchrotumicchāmi vistareṇa mahātmanaḥ |
caritaṃ vāsudevasya yaduśreṣṭhasya dhīmataḥ || 1 ||
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kimarthaṃ ca parityajya mathurāṃ madhusūdanaḥ |
madhyadeśasya kakudaṃ dhāma lakṣmyāśca kevalam || 2 ||
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śṛṅgaṃ pṛthivyāḥ svālakṣyaṃ prabhūtadhanadhānyavat |
āryāḍhyajanabhūyiṣṭhamadhiṣṭhānavarottamam |
ayuddhenaiva dāśārhastyaktavāndvijasattama || 3 ||
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sa kālayavanaścāpi kṛṣṇe kiṃ pratyapadyata || 4 ||
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dvārakāṃ ca samāśritya vāridurgāṃ janārdanaḥ |
kiṃ cakāra mahābāhurmahāyogī mahāmanāḥ || 5 ||
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kiṃvīryaḥ kālayavanaḥ kena jātaśca vīryavān |
yamasahyaṃ samālakṣya vyapayāto janārdanaḥ || 6 ||
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vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca |
vṛṣṇīnāmandhakānāṃ ca gururgārgyo mahātapāḥ |
brahmacārī purā bhūtvā na sma dārān sa vindati || 7 ||
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tathā hi vartamānaṃ taṃ ūrdhvaretasamavyayam |
gārgyaṃ goṣṭhe dvijaṃ syālaḥ ṣaṇḍhamityuktavāndvijaḥ |
yadūnāṃ saṃnidhau sarve jahasuryādavāstataḥ || evaṃ varṣasahasraṃ me ṣaṭśataṃ bhūpasaṃmitam |
vatsarā dvādaśāścaiva cūrṇaṃ loharajodbhavam |
syālo'bhiśaptavān gārgyamapumāniti bhūpate || 8 ||
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so'bhiśaptastadā rājannagare tvamitaṃjaye |
lipsuḥ putraṃ tato gatvā tapastepe sudāruṇam || 9 ||
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tato dvādaśa varṣāṇi so'yaścūrṇamabhakṣayat |
ārādhayanmahādevamacintyaṃ śūlapāṇinam || 10 ||
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rudrastasmai varaṃ prādātsamarthaṃ yudhi nigrahe |
vṛṣṇīnāmandhakānāṃ ca sarvatejomayaṃ sutam || 11 ||
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tataḥ śuśrāva taṃ rājā yavanādhipatirvaram |
putraprasavajaṃ devādaputraḥ putrakāmukaḥ || 12 ||
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tamupānāyya sa nṛpaḥ sāntvayitvā dvijottamam |
gopamadhye yavanarāḍgopastriṣu samutsṛjat || 13 ||
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gopālī tvapsarāstatra gopastrīveṣadhāriṇī |
dhārayāmāsa gārgyasya garbhaṃ durdharamacyutam || 14 ||
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mānuṣyāṃ gārgyabhāryāyāṃ niyogācchūlapāṇinaḥ |
sa kālayavano nāma jajñe śūro mahābalaḥ |
aputrasyātha rājñastu vavṛdhe'ntaḥpure śiśuḥ || 15 ||
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tasminnuparate rājan sa kālayavano nṛpaḥ |
yuddhābhikāmo rājā tu paryapṛcchaddvijottamam |
vṛṣṇyandhakakulaṃ tasya nārado vai nyavedayat || 16 ||
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jñātvā tu varadānaṃ tannāradānmadhusūdanaḥ |
upapraikṣata tejasvī vardhantaṃ yavaneṣu tam || 17 ||
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sa vivṛddho yadā rājā yavanānāṃ mahābalaḥ |
tata enaṃ nṛpā mlecchāḥ saṃśrityānuyayustadā || 18 ||
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śakāstuṣārā daradāḥ pāradāstaṅgaṇāḥ khaśāḥ |
pahlavāḥ śataśaścānye mlecchā haimavatāstathā || 19 ||
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sa taiḥ parivṛto rājā dasyubhiḥ śalabhairiva |
nānāveṣadharairbhīmairmatrurāmabhyavartata || 20 ||
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gajavājikharoṣṭrāṇāṃ sahasrairayutairapi |
pṛthivīṃ kampayāmāsa sainyena mahatā tadā || 21 ||
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reṇunā sūryamārgaṃ tu samavacchādya pārthivaḥ |
mūtreṇa śakṛtā caiva sainyena sasṛje nadīm || 22 ||
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aśvoṣṭraśakṛto rāśerniḥsṛteti janādhipa |
tato'śvaśakṛdityeva nāma nadyā babhūva ha || 23 ||
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tatsainyaṃ mahadāyādvai śrutvā vṛṣṇyandhakāgraṇīḥ |
vāsudevaḥ samānāyya jñātīnidamuvāca ha || 24 ||
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idaṃ samutthitaṃ ghoraṃ vṛṣṇyandhakabhayaṃ mahat |
avadhyaścāpi naḥ śatrurvaradānātpinākinaḥ || 25 ||
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sāmādayo'bhyupāyāśca vihitāstasya sarvaśaḥ |
matto madabalābhyāṃ ca yuddhameva cikīrṣati |
etāvāniha vāsaśca kathito nāradena me || 26 ||
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etāvati ca vaktavyaṃ sāmaiva paramaṃ matam || 26 ||
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jarāsaṃdhaśca no rājā nityameva na mṛṣyate |
tathānye pṛthivīpālā vṛṣṇicakrapratāpitāḥ || 27 ||
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kecitkaṃsavadhāccāpi viraktāstadgatā nṛpāḥ |
samāśritya jarāsaṃdhamasmānicchanti bādhitum || 28 ||
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bahavo jñātayaścaiva yadūnāṃ nihatā nṛpaiḥ |
vivardhituṃ na śakṣyāmaḥ pure'sminniti keśavaḥ |
tato vṛṣṇyandhakāḥ kṛṣṇaṃ puraskṛtya mahāmatim |
sametya mantrayāmāsurjarāsaṃdhabhayena ca |
kṛtvā ca niścayaṃ sarve palāyanamarocayan || vihāya mathurāṃ ramyāṃ mānayantaḥ pinākinam |
kuśasthalīṃ dvāravatīṃ niveśayitumīpsavaḥ |
apayāne matiṃ kṛtvā dūtaṃ tasmai sasarja ha || 29 ||
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tataḥ kumbhe mahāsarpaṃ bhinnāñjanacayopamam |
ghoramāśīviṣaṃ kṛṣṇaṃ kṛṣṇaḥ prākṣepayattadā || 30 ||
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tatastaṃ mudrayitvā tu svena dūtena hārayat |
nidarśanārthaṃ govindo bhīṣayāṇaśca taṃ nṛpam |
sa dūtaḥ kālayavanaṃ darśayāmāsa taṃ ghaṭam || 31 ||
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idaṃ covāca rājānaṃ rājñāṃ samsadi dūtakaḥ || 31 ||
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bho rājannāha kṛṣṇastvāṃ kimebhiḥ śalabhaistava || 31 ||
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ahamekastavaiteṣāṃ samartho vāraṇe prabhuḥ || 31 ||
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tvāṃ ca hatvā nṛpaśreṣṭha sabalaṃ sasuhṛdgaṇam || 31 ||
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idaṃ tava balaṃ rājan grahīṣyāmīti niścitam || 31 ||
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anyathā gaccha rājaṃstvaṃ balenānena saṃyutaḥ || 31 ||
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ityuktvā darśayāmāsa ghaṭaṃ kṛṣṇapracoditam || 31 ||
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kālasarpopamaḥ kṛṣṇa ityuktvā bharatarṣabha |
tatkālayavano budhvā trāsanaṃ yādavaiḥ kṛtam |
pipīlikānāṃ caṇḍānāṃ pūrayāmāsa taṃ ghaṭam || 32 ||
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ślokamekaṃ likhitvā tu ghaṭamadhye'kṣipattadā || 32 ||
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sa sarpo bahubhistīkṣṇaiḥ sarvatastaiḥ pipīlikaiḥ |
bhakṣyamāṇaḥ kilāṅgeṣu bhasmībhūto'bhavattadā || 33 ||
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taṃ mudrayitvātha ghaṭaṃ tathaiva yavanādhipaḥ |
preṣayāmāsa kṛṣṇāya bāhulyamupavarṇayan || 34 ||
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dūtānītaṃ harirdṛṣṭvā patraṃ tadvācayaṃstadā || 34 ||
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bahubhirna viroddhavyaṃ durjayo'pi mahājanaḥ || 34 ||
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sphurantamapi nāgendraṃ bhakṣayiṣyanti kīṭikāḥ || 34 ||
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vāsudevastu taṃ dṛṣṭvā yogaṃ vihitamātmanaḥ |
utsṛjya mathurāmāśu dvārakāmabhijagmivān || 35 ||
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vairasyāntaṃ vidhitsaṃstu vāsudevo mahāyaśāḥ |
niveśya dvārakāṃ rājanvṛṣṇīnāśvāsya caiva ha || 36 ||
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padātiḥ puruṣavyāghro bāhupraharaṇastadā |
ājagāma mahāyogī mathurāṃ madhusūdanaḥ || 37 ||
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taṃ dṛṣṭvā niryayau hṛṣṭaḥ sa kālayavano ruṣā |
prekṣāpūrvaṃ ca kṛṣṇo'pi niścakrāma mahābalaḥ || 38 ||
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athānvagacchadgovindaṃ jighṛkṣuryavaneśvaraḥ |
na cainamaśakad rājā grahītuṃ yogadharmiṇam || 39 ||
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hastaprāptamivātmānaṃ hariṇā sa pade pade || 39 ||
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nīto darśayatā dūraṃ yavaneśo'drikandaram || 39 ||
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kālayavana uvāca |
palāyanaṃ yadukule jātasya tava nocitam || 39 ||
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iti kṣipannanugato nainaṃ prāpāhatāśubhaḥ || 39 ||
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evaṃ kṣipto'pi bhagavānprāviśadgirikandaram || 39 ||
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ko hi nāma jagannāthaṃ balād yātuṃ priyādṛte || 39 ||
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hastaprāpta ivābhāti tasya gacchañjanārdanaḥ || 39 ||
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māndhātustu suto rājā mucukundo mahāyaśāḥ |
yatra tiṣṭhati rājendrastatra cāśu viveśa vai |
purā devāsure yuddhe kṛtakarmā mahābalaḥ || 40 ||
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vareṇa cchandito devairnidrāmeva gṛhītavān |
śrāntasya tasya vāgevaṃ tadā prādurabhūtkila || 41 ||
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prasuptam bodhayed yo māṃ taṃ daheyamahaṃ surāḥ |
cakṣuṣā krodhadīptena evamāha punaḥ punaḥ || 42 ||
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evamastviti śakrastamuvāca tridaśaiḥ saha |
sa surairabhyanujñāto lokaṃ mānuṣamāgamat || 43 ||
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sa parvataguhāṃ kāṃcitpraviśya śramakarśitaḥ |
suṣvāpa kālametaṃ vai yāvatkṛṣṇasya darśanam || 44 ||
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tatsarvaṃ vāsudevasya nāradena niveditam |
varadānaṃ ca devebhyastejastasya ca bhūpateḥ || 45 ||
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anugamyamānaḥ kṛṣṇaśca tena mlecchena śatruṇā |
tāṃ guhāṃ mucukundasya praviveśa vinītavat || 46 ||
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pītāmbareṇa svīyena tamācchādya sa bhūpatim || 46 ||
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śiraḥsthāne tu rājarṣermucukundasya keśavaḥ |
saṃdarśanapathaṃ tyaktvā tasthau buddhimatāṃ varaḥ || 47 ||
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anupraviśya yavano dadarśa pṛthivīpatim |
prasvapantaṃ kṛtāntābhamāsasāda sudurmatiḥ || 48 ||
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vāsudevaṃ tu taṃ matvā ghaṭṭayāmāsa pārthivam |
pādenātmavināśāya śalabhaḥ pāvakaṃ yathā || 49 ||
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mucukundaśca rājarṣiḥ pādasparśavibodhitaḥ |
cukopa nicrācchedena pādasparśena tena ca || 50 ||
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saṃsmṛtya ca varaṃ śakrādavaikṣata tamagrataḥ |
sa dṛṣṭamātraḥ kruddhena saṃprajajvāla sarvataḥ || 51 ||
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dadāha pāvakastaṃ tu śuṣkaṃ vṛkṣamivāśaniḥ |
kṣaṇena kālayavanaṃ netratejovinirgataḥ || 52 ||
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taṃ vāsudevaḥ śrīmantaṃ cirasuptaṃ narādhipam |
kṛtakāryo'bravīddhīmānidaṃ vacanamuttamam || 53 ||
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rājaṃściraprasupto'si kathito nāradena me |
kṛtaṃ me sumahatkāryaṃ svasti te'stu vrajāmyaham || 54 ||
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vāsudevamathālakśya rājā hrasvaṃ pramāṇataḥ |
parivṛttaṃ yugaṃ mene kālena mahatā tataḥ || 55 ||
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tamālokya ghanaśyāmaṃ pītakauśeyavāsasam || 55 ||
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śrīvatsavakṣasaṃ bhrājatkaustubhena virājitam || 55 ||
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caturbhujaṃ rocamānaṃ vaijayantyā ca mālayā || 55 ||
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cāruprasannavadanaṃ sphuranmakarakuṇḍalam || 55 ||
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prekṣaṇīyaṃ trilokeśaṃ sānurāgasmitekṣaṇam || 55 ||
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apīcyavayasaṃ matta mṛgendrodāravikramam || 55 ||
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paryapṛcchanmahābuddhistejasā tasya dharṣitaḥ || 55 ||
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śaṅkitaḥ śanakaiḥ kṛṣṇaṃ durdharṣamiva tejasā || 55 ||
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uvāca rājā govindaṃ ko bhavān kimihāgataḥ |
kaśca kālaḥ prasuptasya yadi jānāsi kathyatām || 56 ||
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niḥśaṅko gatabhīḥ prāpto vipine girigahvare || 56 ||
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padbhyāṃ padmapalāśābhyāṃ vicarasyurukaṇṭake || 56 ||
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kiṃ svittejasvināṃ tejo bhagavāṃstvaṃ vibhāvasuḥ || 56 ||
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sūryaḥ somo mahendro vā lokapālo'paro'pi vā || 56 ||
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manye tvāṃ devadevānāṃ trayāṇāṃ puruṣarṣabham || 56 ||
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yadbādhase guhādhvāntaṃ pradīpaḥ prabhayā yathā || 56 ||
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śuśrūṣatāmavyalīkamasmākaṃ narapuṃgava || 56 ||
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svaṃ janma karma gotraṃ vā kathyatāṃ yadi rocate || 56 ||
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vāsudeva uvāca |
somavaṃśodbhavo rājā yayātirnāma nāhuṣaḥ |
tasya putro yadurjyeṣṭhaścatvāro'nye yavīyasaḥ || 57 ||
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yaduvaṃśe samutpannaṃ vasudevātmajaṃ vibho |
vāsudevaṃ vijānīhi nṛpate māmihāgatam || 58 ||
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tretāyuge samutpanno vidito me'si nāradāt |
idaṃ kaliyugaṃ viddhi kimanyatkaravāṇi te || 59 ||
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mama śatrustvayā dagdho devadattavaro nṛpa |
avadhyo yo mayā saṃkhye bhavedvarṣaśatairapi || 60 ||
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mucukunda uvāca |
yaduvaṃśodbhavaṃ devaṃ jānāmi śāśvataṃ vibhum || 60 ||
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ādyaṃ puruṣamīśānamacyutaṃ madhusūdanam || 60 ||
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purā gargeṇa kathitamaṣṭāviṃśatime yuge || 60 ||
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dvāparādau harerjanma yaduvaṃśe bhaviṣyati || 60 ||
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namastasmai bhagavate puruṣāya mahātmane || 60 ||
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anantāya mahābāho viṣṇave prabhaviṣṇave || 60 ||
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vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca |
evaṃ stutastadā viṣṇurmucukundena dhīmatā || 60 ||
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vareṇa cchandayāmāsa bhagavānacyutastadā || 60 ||
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punarapyabravītkṛṣṇo mucukundaṃ mahābhujam || 60 ||
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tvadarthe'pyāgato vīra nāradena prabodhitaḥ || 60 ||
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uttiṣṭhottiṣṭha bhadraṃ te yathākāmaṃ caratviha || 60 ||
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ityuktaḥ sa tu kṛṣṇena nirjagāma guhāmukhāt |
anvīyamānaḥ kṛṣṇena kṛtakāryeṇa dhīmatā || 61 ||
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tato dadarśa pṛthivīmāvṛtāṃ hrasvakairnaraiḥ |
alpotsāhairalpabalairalpavīryaparākramaiḥ |
pareṇādhiṣṭhitaṃ caiva rājyaṃ kevalamātmanaḥ || 62 ||
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yatsyāttvaddarśane puṇyaṃ tanme kṛṣṇa bhavediti || 62 ||
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visarjayitvā govindaṃ praviveśa mahadvanam |
himavantamagād rājā tapase dhṛtamānasaḥ || 63 ||
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tataḥ sa tapa āsthāya vinirmucya kalevaram |
āruroha divaṃ rājā karmabhiḥ svairjitaṃ śubhaiḥ || 64 ||
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vāsudevo'pi dharmātmā upāyena mahāmanāḥ |
ghātayitvātmanaḥ śatruṃ tatsainyaṃ pratyapadyata || 65 ||
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mucukundena mahātmanā || 65abc ||
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mathurāṃ punarāgatya || 65abc ||
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prabhūtarathahastyaśva varmaśastrāyudhadhvajam |
ādāyopayayau dhīmāṃstatsainyaṃ nihateśvaram || 66 ||
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nivedayāmāsa tato narādhipe tadugrasene pratipūrṇamānasaḥ |
janārdano dvāravatīṃ ca tāṃ purīmaśobhayattena dhanena bhūriṇā || 67 ||
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Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Harivamsa Chapter 85

Cover of edition (2013)

Harivamsa Purana in 3 Volumes
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2013)

Text with English Notes and Index; [Eastern Book Linkers]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2012)

Harivamsa Purana
by Ras Bihari Lal and Sons (2012)

Set of 10 Volumes; Transliterated Text with English Translation; [5425 pages]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2021)

Shri Harivamsa Purana in Marathi
by Jitendra Nath Thakur (2021)

श्रीहरिवंशपुराण [Dharmik Prakashan Sanstha, Mumbai]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2012)

Shri Harivamsha Purana (Telugu)
by Gollapudi Veeraswamy Son (2012)

శ్రీ వారివంశవ్రరాణం [Gollapudi Veeraswamy Son]

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Harivamsa Purana in Gujarati
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2017)

હરિવંશપુરાણ

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2021)

Harivansha Mahapurana (Kannada)
by Saraswati Prakashan, Belgaum (2021)

1568 pages

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

Shri Harivamsa Purana (Narayani Language)
by Ramtej Pandey (2013)

With Commentary (Set Of 3 Volumes); Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; [Chaukhamba Sanskrit Pratishthan]

Buy now!
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